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See also:
U+840C, 萌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-840C

[U+840B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+840D]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿日月 (TAB), four-corner 44627, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1041, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1499, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3233, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+840C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • Moe (Min Nan)
  • (Classical)

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraːŋ, *qʰɯd
*mraŋ
*mraŋ, *mraːŋs
*mreːŋ
*ʔmraːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mreːŋ): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *mraŋ).

EtymologyEdit

“to bud; to begin”
Compare Lepcha ᰖᰮ (mlam, shoots that sprout from stump of tree) (Schuessler, 2007).
“cute; adorable”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 萌え (moe).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /məŋ³⁵/
Harbin /məŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /məŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /məŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /məŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /məŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /məŋ²⁴/
Xining /mə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /məŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /mə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /mɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /moŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /moŋ³¹/
Guiyang /min²¹/
/moŋ²¹/
Kunming /moŋ³¹/
Nanjing /mən²⁴/
Hefei /məŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /məŋ¹³/
Hohhot /mə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /mg²³/
Suzhou /mən¹³/
Hangzhou /men²¹³/
Wenzhou /miɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /mʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /moŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /min¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /men¹¹/
Taoyuan /men¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /meŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /mɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /meiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /meŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (117)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠɛŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚæŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɐŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/mɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/mæŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mæŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mreːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to bud; to sprout
  2. to begin; to start
  3. (Internet slang, originally ACG) cute; adorable
    /   ―  màiméng  ―  to act cutely

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. bud, sprout

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Kanji in this term
きざし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きざし, rōmaji kizashi)

  1. Alternative spelling of 兆し (kizashi): a sign, omen

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana きざし, rōmaji Kizashi)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
もえ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Nominalization of 萌え (moe), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 萌える (moeru, to bud, sprout).

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana もえ, rōmaji Moe)

  1. a female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(maeng) (hangeul , revised maeng, McCune–Reischauer maeng, Yale mayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(manh, mánh, mảnh, mành)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.