Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 57 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈 (NI) or X弓戈 (XNI), four-corner 12230, composition)

  1. to spread, enlarge, expand
  2. liberal, great
  3. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 356, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9709
  • Dae Jaweon: page 673, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 990, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5F18

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xuŋ²⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xoŋ²¹/
Kunming /xoŋ¹/
Nanjing /xoŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦoŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xoŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /fen¹¹/
Taoyuan /fen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /huŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (130)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwəŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷəŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuəŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwəŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣuəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣuəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwəŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˤəŋ/
English vast

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5130
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana ひろむ, romaji Hiromu)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hong) (hangeul , revised hong, McCune-Reischauer hong, Yale hong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoằng, ngoằng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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