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U+5F18, 弘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F18

[U+5F17]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F19]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 57, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈 (NI) or X弓戈 (XNI), four-corner 12230, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 356, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9709
  • Dae Jaweon: page 673, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 990, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5F18

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢎞
𪪺
𢎪
𣧀

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡʷɯːŋ
*ɡʷɯːŋ
*ɡʷɯːŋ
*qʷrɯːŋ
*qʷrɯːŋ, *ɡʷrɯːŋ
*ɡʷrɯːŋ

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷɯːŋ): phonetic  (OC *kʷɯŋ, bow) + semantic  (mouth) – the sound of a bow > a loud sound.

The later corrupts into (the ancient form of (OC *kʷɯːŋ)), which Shuowen interprets to be the phonetic component of the character.

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /xuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /xuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xuŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /xuŋ²⁴/
Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /xũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /xoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /xoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /xoŋ²¹/
Kunming /xoŋ¹/
Nanjing /xoŋ²⁴/
Hefei /xəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /xuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦoŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /xan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xoŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /fen¹¹/
Taoyuan /fen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /huŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (130)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwəŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷəŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuəŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwəŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣuəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣuəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwəŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˁəŋ/
English vast

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5130
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to spread; to enlarge; to expand
  2. great
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひろし, rōmaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana ひろむ, rōmaji Hiromu)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (keul hong))

  1. Hanja form? of (big).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoằng, ngoằng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.