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See also:
U+6137, 愷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6137

[U+6136]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6138]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心山一廿 (PUMT), four-corner 92018, composition)

  1. enjoy, be contented, joyful

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 396, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11015
  • Dae Jaweon: page 735, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2337, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6137

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tŋɯː, *ŋɯː
*kŋɯːl, *ŋɯːl
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ, *ŋ̊ʰɯːls
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ, *ŋ̊ʰɯːls
*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ, *ŋ̊ʰɯlʔ
*ɡɯːls, *ŋɯːl
*ŋɯːl
*ŋɡɯːl
*ŋɯːl
*ŋɯːl, *ŋuːl, *ŋuːls
*ŋralʔ, *ŋɯlʔ
*krɯls
*ŋɯl
*ŋɯlʔ

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəjX/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǎi
Middle
Chinese
‹ khojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰˤəjʔ/
English triumphal music; happy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10103
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̊ʰɯːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. enjoy
  2. be contented
  3. joyful

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune–Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. peaceful
  2. enjoy
  3. ease up

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: khải

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit