U+6137, 愷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6137

[U+6136]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6138]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心山一廿 (PUMT), four-corner 92018, composition)

  1. enjoy, be contented, joyful

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 396, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11015
  • Dae Jaweon: page 735, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2337, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6137

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tŋɯː, *ŋɯː
*kŋɯːl, *ŋɯːl
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ, *ŋ̥ʰɯːls
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ, *ŋ̥ʰɯːls
*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ, *ŋ̥ʰɯlʔ
*ɡɯːls, *ŋɯːl
*ŋɯːl
*ŋɡɯːl
*ŋɯːl
*ŋɯːl, *ŋuːl, *ŋuːls
*ŋralʔ, *ŋɯlʔ
*krɯls
*ŋɯl
*ŋɯlʔ

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəjX/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǎi
Middle
Chinese
‹ khojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰˤəjʔ/
English triumphal music; happy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10103
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. enjoy
  2. be contented
  3. joyful

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. peaceful
  2. enjoy
  3. ease up

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit