See also:
U+8C48, 豈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C48

[U+8C47]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C49]
U+F900, 豈
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F900
[unassigned: U+D7FC–U+F8FF]

[U+D7FB]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F901]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 151, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 山一口廿 (UMRT), four-corner 22108, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Possibly a variation of with the top part modified. May have been the original form of (“music of triumph”).

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (20)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter khj+jX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨjX/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəiX/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰe̯iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hei2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khj+jX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰəjʔ/
English how

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10123
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̊ʰɯlʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. (literary, rhetorical question) how; how can it be that (used in rhetorical questions)
    Synonyms: 怎麼怎么, , 難道难道 (nándào), 莫非 (mòfēi)
    有此理有此理  ―  yǒucǐlǐ  ―  how can such an idea stand?
  2. (dated) possibly; perhaps (modal particle indicating tentativeness)

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“peaceful; harmonious”).
(This character, , is an obsolete form of ).

Etymology 3 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“music of triumph; paean; triumph; victory; etc.”).
(This character, , is an obsolete form of ).

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. an interjection of surprise

Readings edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
あに
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Since the Heian period, mostly used in 漢文訓読 (kanbun kundoku).[1][2]

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

(あに) (ani

  1. a rhetorical interrogative: (just) how
  2. expresses a strong denial: not at all, not in the least

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 어찌 (eojji gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (how, what).

(eumhun 승전악 (seungjeonak gae))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: khởi

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.