See also: Kai, kài, kāi, kǎi, -kai, ka'i, και, καί, and kái

English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Maori kai.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪ

Noun edit

kai (uncountable)

  1. (New Zealand, informal) food
    • 1995, Graeme Williams, The soc.culture.new-zealand FAQ:
      Actually, I'm not sure I like these new hangis using the foil, it tends to stop the juices getting through to the stones and I reckon the hangi kai is drier to the palate.
    • 2003, RK, “Maori TV”, in nz.general (Usenet):
      i.e. they'll spend the first four hours enthusiastic as can be, then get bored, want some kai, go down to the local fish and chip shop & bottle store & spend the rest of the episode telling drunken stories of how they used to steal from the "pakeha that owned the store on the corner" and about days spent down at the social welfare office.
    • 2003, Carmen, “Is there really a censor in NZ?!”, in nz.general (Usenet):
      Got to go now and get some kai.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Chinese edit

Etymology edit

From Mandarin 凱子凯子 (kǎizi).

Pronunciation edit


Adjective edit

kai

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang, dated) foolish

Noun edit

kai

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang, dated) idiot; fool

Verb edit

kai

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang, dated) to be foolish; to act like an idiot

See also edit

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From German Kai, from Dutch kaai, from French quai.

Noun edit

kai (genitive kai, partitive kaid)

  1. quay

Declension edit

Declension of kai (ÕS type 26/koi, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kai kaid
accusative nom.
gen. kai
genitive kaide
partitive kaid kaisid
illative kaisse kaidesse
inessive kais kaides
elative kaist kaidest
allative kaile kaidele
adessive kail kaidel
ablative kailt kaidelt
translative kaiks kaideks
terminative kaini kaideni
essive kaina kaidena
abessive kaita kaideta
comitative kaiga kaidega

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Danish kaj, from Old French kay, cail (modern French quai), from Gaulish cagiíum (enclosure), from Proto-Celtic *kagyom (pen, enclosure) (compare Welsh cae (hedge)).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kai f (genitive singular kaiar, plural kaiir)

  1. (colloquial) quay

Declension edit

Declension of kai
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative kai kaiin kaiir kaiirnar
accusative kai kaiina kaiir kaiirnar
dative kai kaiini kaium kaiunum
genitive kaiar kaiarinnar kaia kaianna

Synonyms edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Probably shortened from kaiketi.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑi̯(ˣ)/, [ˈkɑ̝i̯(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ɑi
  • Syllabification(key): kai

Adverb edit

kai

  1. probably, I guess (that) (used to express a possibility or belief of what's going to happen)
    Synonyms: ehkä, kenties, luultavasti, otaksuttavasti, arvatenkin, varmaankin, mahdollisesti, kaiketi
    Tulee kai sade.
    It will probably rain.
    Minun pitää kai lähteä.
    I guess I'll have to go.
    Lasseko tämän rikkoi? -Niin kai.
    Was it Lasse who broke this? -Probably yes.
  2. Used to indicate derision or disbelief.
    Luulisi hänen osaavan. -Kyllä kai!
    One would think he can. -Yes, but I doubt!
    Annas minä autan! -Niin kai, et sinä ole ennenkään auttanut.
    Let me help you! -Bah, you haven't been much of a help so far.
  3. Used as a fortifier, or to confirm.
    Synonyms: toki, tottahan
    Totta kai minä sinua uskon!
    Of course I believe you!
    Kai sinä tämän tiedät!
    You know this, don't you!

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Guinea-Bissau Creole edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese cair. Cognate with Kabuverdianu kai.

Verb edit

kai

  1. to fall

Hausa edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Afroasiatic [Term?]. Cognates include Mangas ka, Polci kii, Miship ɡɨ.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

kai

  1. you (2nd person singular subject pronoun)

See also edit

  • mákà (2nd person singular indirect object enclitic pronoun)
  • (2nd person singular independent object pronoun)
  • -kà (2nd person singular possessive enclitic pronoun)

Etymology 2 edit

Cognate with Bole kóːʔiː, Galambu , Gera , Deno kàá, Mangas kaam, Goemai kāː, Polci gaam.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kâi m (plural kāwunā̀, possessed form kâin)

  1. head

Hawaiian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *tai (compare with Maori tai), from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik (compare with Malay tasik).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkai̯/, [ˈkɐj], [ˈkɛj] (rapid speech)

Noun edit

kai

  1. sea
    i kaitowards the sea
    makaion the seaside, toward the sea, in the direction of the sea
    o kaiof the lowland, of the sea, seaward
    nā kānaka o kaishore dwellers
  2. salt water
  3. seaside, area near the sea, lowlands
  4. tide, current in the sea
  5. gravy, sauce, dressing, soup, broth

See also edit

Verb edit

kai

  1. (stative) to be insipid, brackish, tasteless

Interjection edit

kai

  1. my, how much!; how very! how terrific!
    kai ka nani!how beautiful!
    kai ke kolohe!oh, how mischievous!

See also edit

References edit

  • Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert, Samuel H. (1986), “kai”, in Hawaiian Dictionary, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

kai

  1. Rōmaji transcription of かい

Kabuverdianu edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese cair.

Verb edit

kai

  1. to fall

Karajá edit

Pronoun edit

kai

  1. you, second-person singular pronoun

Usage notes edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Michael Dunn, Gender determined dialect variation, in The Expression of Gender (edited by Greville G. Corbett)
  • David Lee Fortune, Gramática Karajá: um Estudo Preliminar em Forma Transformacional

Khumi Chin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kay, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ngay. Cognates include Hakka 𠊎 (ngài) and Burmese ငါ (nga).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

kai

  1. I

See also edit

References edit

  • R. Shafer (1944), “Khimi Grammar and Vocabulary”, in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, volume 11, issue 2, page 419
  • K. E. Herr (2011) The phonological interpretation of minor syllables, applied to Lemi Chin[2], Payap University, page 44

Lithuanian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *kai; compare Old Prussian kāi (when), Latvian kâ(i) (when), Old Church Slavonic цѣ (, and also, besides), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷoy; compare Ancient Greek ποῖ (poî, whereto). Perhaps ultimately the locative of Proto-Indo-European *kʷos, kʷis (question particle); see kas (what). Also, compare with tai (that).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • (conjunction): IPA(key): /kɐɪˑ/
  • (particle): IPA(key): /kɐɪ/

Conjunction edit

kaĩ

  1. (in relative clauses) when, while, as

Particle edit

kai (unstressed)

  1. (in conjunction with interrogative words) some, a certain (suggesting the complement is a known entity, but withheld)
    kai kàs - (a certain) something
    Àš táu kai ką̃ turiù - I have something for you.
    kai kadà - sometimes, in some cases

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 217

Livvi edit

Adverb edit

kai

  1. all

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

kai

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kāi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kǎi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kài.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Maori edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *kai, from Proto-Oceanic *kani, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən (compare with Malay makan), from Proto-Austronesian *kaən (compare with Tagalog kain).

Verb edit

kai (passive form kainga)

  1. to eat (consume)

Noun edit

kai

  1. food

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: kai

Middle English edit

Noun edit

kai

  1. Alternative form of keye (key)

North Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian kēi. Cognates include West Frisian kaai.

Noun edit

kai m (plural kaier)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) key

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology edit

From Old French kay, cail (modern French quai), from Gaulish cagiíum (enclosure), from Proto-Celtic *kagyom (pen, enclosure) (compare Welsh cae (hedge)).

Noun edit

kai m or f (definite singular kaia or kaien, indefinite plural kaier, definite plural kaiene)

  1. quay, wharf, dock

Derived terms edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology edit

From Old French kay, cail (modern French quai), from Gaulish cagiíum (enclosure), from Proto-Celtic *kagyom (pen, enclosure) (compare Welsh cae (hedge)).

Noun edit

kai f or m (definite singular kaia or kaien, indefinite plural kaier or kaiar, definite plural kaiene or kaiane)

  1. quay, wharf, dock

Derived terms edit

Papiamentu edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese cair and Spanish caer and Kabuverdianu kai.

Verb edit

kai

  1. to fall

Derived terms edit

Rapa Nui edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *kai, from Proto-Oceanic [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən.

Verb edit

kai

  1. to eat (consume)

Noun edit

kai

  1. food

Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

kai

  1. not

Southeastern Tepehuan edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *kapsi.

Noun edit

kai (plural kaakai)

  1. thigh
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Cognate with Northern Tepehuan káídɨ, O'odham kai.

Noun edit

kai

  1. seed

Etymology 3 edit

Verb edit

kai

  1. preterite of kaayaꞌ

References edit

  • Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[3], electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 100

Sundanese edit

Romanization edit

kai

  1. Romanization of ᮊᮄ

Tok Pisin edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Polynesian, from Proto-Polynesian *kai, from Proto-Oceanic *kani, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən.

Verb edit

kai

  1. (transitive) to eat (consume)

Noun edit

kai

  1. food

See also edit

Tokelauan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈka.i]
  • Hyphenation: ka‧i

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *kai. Cognates include Hawaiian ʻai and Samoan 'ai.

Verb edit

kai (plural kakai)

  1. (transitive) to eat
  2. (intransitive) to eat
  3. (fishing, intransitive) to bite

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *kai. Cognates include Hawaiian ʻai and Samoan 'ai.

Noun edit

kai

  1. (cricket) run
  2. (cricket) goal, point
  3. (cricket) score

Etymology 3 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *kai. Cognates include Tobanga kai and Nukuoro gai.

Particle edit

kai

  1. Indicates disapproval and/or dissatisfaction.
  2. Indicates regret that something didn't happen.
Synonyms edit

References edit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[4], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 142

Tongan edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *kai, from Proto-Oceanic [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kaən, from Proto-Austronesian *kaən.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kai

  1. food

Verb edit

kai

  1. To eat

Derived terms edit

Tuvaluan edit

Adverb edit

kai

  1. ever

Zou edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

kai

  1. (intransitive) to rise, ascend, go up

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

kái

  1. askew
  2. low

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

kài

  1. (transitive) pull, drag, draw

References edit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 63