See also: Gai, gái, gài, gãi, gāi, gǎi, and ga'i

BasqueEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of unknown origin. Probably from the suffix -gai, and not the other way round.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gai inan

  1. material
  2. matter, stuff
  3. topic, subject

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ gai” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Further readingEdit

  • gai” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • gai” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Occitan gai.

AdjectiveEdit

gai (feminine gaia, masculine plural gais, feminine plural gaies)

  1. gay, merry
    Synonyms: alegre, festiu
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English gay.

AdjectiveEdit

gai (masculine and feminine plural gais)

  1. gay, homosexual

NounEdit

gai m (plural gais)

  1. gay man

Further readingEdit


CebuanoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortening.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: ga‧i

VerbEdit

gai

  1. Short for tagai.

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French gai, from Old Occitan gai, from Gothic *𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌴𐌹𐍃 (*gaheis, impetuous)[1]; or from Frankish *gāhi (fast, sudden, impetuous), Frankish *wāhi (pretty)[2]; or (per Liberman, Chance, Meier) from Latin vagus (wandering, inconstant, flighty), with *[w] → [g] as in French gaine[3]. Doublet of vague in that case. Cognate with English gay and Italian gaio.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gai (feminine singular gaie, masculine plural gais, feminine plural gaies)

  1. cheerful; merry
  2. gay; homosexual

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009) , “gai”, in Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French), Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert
  2. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964) Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse
  3. ^ http://blog.oup.com/2012/02/word-origin-roots-gay/

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

NounEdit

gai m (genitive singular gai, nominative plural gaethe)

  1. Obsolete spelling of gae (spear, dart; ray)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gai ghai ngai
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gai

  1. masculine plural of gaio

AnagramsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

gai

  1. Rōmaji transcription of がい

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

gai

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gāi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gǎi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of gài.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old Occitan, see below.

AdjectiveEdit

gai m (oblique and nominative feminine singular gaie)

  1. happy; cheerful; gay

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle French: gay
  • Middle English: gay
  • Middle Dutch: gay

Old OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

AdjectiveEdit

gai m or f (plural gais)

  1. happy; joyous
    • circa 1145, Bernard de Ventadour, Lo gens tems de pascor:
      Per que tuih amador
      Son gai e chantador
      For all the lovers
      are joyous and full of song

DescendantsEdit


Old PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Latin gaudium (joy), as borrowed from Old Occitan gai;[1] alternatively of Germanic origin. Cognate with English gay and Italian gaio.

AdjectiveEdit

gai m (feminine singular gaia, masculine plural gais, feminine plural gaias)

  1. happy; joyous
    • late 13rd century - early 14th century, Fernando Esquio, A un frade dizem escarallado:
      Cuid'eu que gai é, de piss'arreitado
      I believe he gets happy when his dick's erect

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1983–1991) , “gayo”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos, →ISBN

PapiamentuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese galo and Spanish gallo.

NounEdit

gai

  1. rooster

RohingyaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Bengali.

NounEdit

gai

  1. cow

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Vietic *t-keː. Cognate with Arem takeː ("horn"), Proto-Bahnaric *ʔəkɛː (whence Bahnar ake/hơke) and Proto-Katuic *kii, *ʔakii (whence Pacoh ki (horn on nose, single tusk of rhino)).

NounEdit

(classifier cái) gai (, 𦃮)

  1. hemp-nettle
  2. thorn
  3. prickle
  4. (Central Vietnam) pineapple

Derived termsEdit

Derived terms

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Vietic *-keː (ramie).

NounEdit

(classifier cây) gai

  1. ramie

YolaEdit

NounEdit

gai

  1. Alternative form of gaaye

ZhuangEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Chinese (MC kˠɛ, kˠɛi, “street”). Cognate with Bouyei gaail. Compare Cantonese (gaai1).

NounEdit

gai (Sawndip form , old orthography gai)

  1. street

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Tai *p.qaːjᴬ (to sell). Cognate with Thai ขาย (kǎai), Northern Thai ᨡᩣ᩠ᨿ, Lao ຂາຍ (khāi), ᦃᦻ (ẋaay), Tai Dam ꪄꪱꪥ, Shan ၶၢႆ (khǎay), Ahom 𑜁𑜩 (khay), Bouyei gaail. Compare Proto-Kam-Sui *kwe¹ (to sell) (whence Sui beel).

VerbEdit

gai (Sawndip forms 𰷔 or ⿰改賣 or ⿰賣亥 or or or or 𬻦 or ⿱夫⿰丿丨 or ⿰出卖 or ⿰卖该 or ⿲丶开丶, old orthography gai)

  1. to sell
    Synonym: siu
    Antonym: cawx
Derived termsEdit