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See also:
U+6519, 攙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6519

[U+6518]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+651A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 手弓口戈 (QNRI), four-corner 57013, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 463, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12991
  • Dae Jaweon: page 812, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1984, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+6519

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs, *sraːm
*zrɯːm, *zraːms
*zrɯːm
*zrɯːm, *zraːm
*zrɯːm, *zraːms
*zrɯːm, *sʰraːm
*zrɯːm, *zrɯːms, *sʰraːms
*zrɯːm
*zrɯːmʔ
*sʰraːms, *zraːm, *zlamʔ
*zraːm, *zraːmʔ
*zraːm
*zraːm, *zraːms
*zraːm, *zraːms

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zrɯːm, *sʰraːm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *zrɯːm, *zraːm).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (20) (19)
Final () (151) (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛm/ /t͡ʃʰˠam/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚæm/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚam/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɐm/ /t͡ʃʰam/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨm/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨm/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɐm/ /t͡ʃʰam/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒɐm/ /t͡ʃʰam/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱăm/ /ʈ͡ʂʰam/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán chān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1225 1230
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zrɯːm/ /*sʰraːm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to stab; to insert
  2. sharp
  3. to mix
    alt. forms:
  4. to support by the arm
    alt. forms:
  5. to take by force; to seize

Usage notesEdit

In Mainland China, use of the character (chān) to mean "to mix" (instead of ) is recommended by the The First Series of Standardized Forms of Words with Non-standardized Variant Forms (第一批异形词整理表) and Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian (现代汉语规范词典).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. give helping hand

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (cham))

  1. to give a helping hand
  2. to support, hold up

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: sọm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.