Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+5133, 儳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5133

[U+5132]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5134]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +17, 19 strokes, cangjie input 人弓口戈 (ONRI), four-corner 27213, composition)

  1. obstinate
  2. stupid
  3. uneven
  4. mix

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 121, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1296
  • Dae Jaweon: page 256, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 237, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5133

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs, *sraːm
*zrɯːm, *zraːms
*zrɯːm
*zrɯːm, *zraːm
*zrɯːm, *zraːms
*zrɯːm, *sʰraːm
*zrɯːm, *zrɯːms, *sʰraːms
*zrɯːm
*zrɯːmʔ
*sʰraːms, *zraːm, *zlamʔ
*zraːm, *zraːmʔ
*zraːm
*zraːm, *zraːms
*zraːm, *zraːms

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (20) (20) (19)
Final () (151) (151) (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠɛm/ /d͡ʒˠɛmH/ /t͡ʃʰˠamH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚæm/ /ɖ͡ʐᵚæmH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚamH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɐm/ /d͡ʒɐmH/ /t͡ʃʰamH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐəɨm/ /ɖ͡ʐəɨmH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨmH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒɐm/ /d͡ʒɐmH/ /t͡ʃʰamH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒɐm/ /d͡ʒɐmH/ /t͡ʃʰamH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱăm/ /ɖ͡ʐʱămH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰamH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán zhàn chàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 1226 1229 1231
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zrɯːm/ /*zrɯːms/ /*sʰraːms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. obstinate
  2. stupid
  3. uneven
  4. mix

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cham) (hangeul , revised cham, McCune-Reischauer ch'am)

  1. obstinate
  2. stupid
  3. uneven
  4. mix

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sàm, sờm, xàm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.