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U+54B8, 咸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B8

[U+54B7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一口 (IHMR), four-corner 53200, composition or ⿵𠮛)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 187, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1404, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+54B8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms Cantonese “all; entire”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːmʔ
*kɯːmʔ
*kʰɯːmʔ, *ŋɡrɯːms
*kʰɯːmʔ, *kʰɯːms
*ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːms
*qʰaːmʔ, *qʰrɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*krɯːm
*krɯːm, *kjum
*krɯːm, *ŋɡrɯːm
*krɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*ŋɡrɯːm, *ɡram
*ŋɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡam, *ɡram, *kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjum

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (axe) +  (mouth (person) or clay pot). To cut off one's head with an ax, depriving them of all they have; alternatively, to break a pot with an ax.

For etymology 2, simplified from (elimination of ).

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Khmer ព្រម (prɔɔm, to agree; to go along with; together) (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (151)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨm/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐm/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xián
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xián
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛm ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁr[ə]m/
English all; everywhere

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13515
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯːm/
Notes
DefinitionsEdit

  1. all; completely
  2. together
  3. united; in harmony
  4. common; popular; widespread
  5. to finish; to terminate
  6. 31st hexagram of the I Ching
  7. A surname​.
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Cantonese) all; entire
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“salty; briny; salted”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): かん (kan); げん (gen)
  • Kun: みな (mina, )

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune–Reischauer ham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: hàm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit