See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡraːm): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *krɯm)

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹人金一弓 (HOCMN), four-corner 21109, composition)

  1. bit
  2. hold in mouth, bite
  3. gag

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1305, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1807, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 840, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+929C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɣam/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɯam/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣam/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨm/
Li
Rong
/ɣam/
Wang
Li
/ɣam/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣam/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xián
Middle
Chinese
‹ hæm ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤr[a]m/
English a bit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraːm/
Notes

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hàm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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