Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 76 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜日弓人 (YANO), four-corner 07682, composition)

  1. like, admire
  2. willingly, gladly
  3. to quicken

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 570, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16139
  • Dae Jaweon: page 958, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2146, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B46

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hiɪm/ /xi̯əm/ /xiəm/ /him/ /him/ /xĭĕm/ /xjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ xim › /*[qʰ](r)əm/ enjoy (fragrance)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15219 1 /*qʰrɯm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heum) (hangeul , revised heum, McCune-Reischauer hŭm, Yale hum)

  1. to envy, be jealous
  2. to want, seek after

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hâm, ham, hăm, hôm, hổm, hum, hẩm)

  • This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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