U+97F3, 音
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-97F3

[U+97F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+97F4]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 180, +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿日 (YTA), four-corner 00601, composition or ⿱𣅑)

  1. Kangxi radical #180, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1396, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1912, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4495, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+97F3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogram (指事): (“word”) with something in (“mouth”) – sound comes from the mouth.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ing2 in 音訊;
  • ing1 in 聲音.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note: ing1 - Chenghai.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /in⁵⁵/
    Harbin /in⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /in²¹/
    Jinan /iẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /iə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /in²⁴/
    Xi'an /iẽ²¹/
    Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /in⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /in⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ĩ/
    Nanjing /in³¹/
    Hefei /in²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
    Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /in¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /in³³/
    Xiangtan /in³³/
    Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /im⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /im²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm⁵³/
    Nanning /jɐm⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /jɐm⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /im⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /im³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /im²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (140)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠiɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔjim/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔjəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yīn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yīn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔim ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[q](r)əm/
    English sound, tone

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15223
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qrɯm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sound; voice; tone
      蘿莉 / 萝莉  ―  luólìyīn  ―  loli voice
    2. news; tidings
    3. (music) pitch; note
    4. (phonetics) pronunciation; syllable
        ―  jīngyīn  ―  Beijing pronunciation
        ―  cháoyīn  ―  Teochew pronunciation
      中古  ―  zhōnggǔyīn  ―  Middle Chinese pronunciation
        ―  fāngyīn  ―  dialectal pronunciation
      陽江 / 阳江  ―  Yángjiāng yīn  ―  Yangjiang pronunciation

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. sound
    2. timbre
    3. Short for 音楽 (ongaku): music
    4. speech (phonetics)
    5. Short for 字音 (jion): Chinese-derived reading of a kanji
    6. news, tidings

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おん
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    */ʔiəm//əmʉ//omʉ//oɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiɪm).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (おん) (on

    1. sound
    2. (linguistics) speech sound
    3. Short for 音読み (on'yomi): the Chinese-derived reading of a kanji
    4. (by extension) reading of a Chinese character outside the Japanese language; rime
    5. Short for 音楽 (ongaku): music
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おっと
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term
    おと
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨oto2 → */otə//oto/

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ətə.

    Appears in the late 1400s with the geminate pronunciation /otto/.[3] This reading is very rare, and appears to have fallen out of use.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (おと) (oto

    1. a sound
      (おと)()らす
      oto o morasu
      to let out a sound
    2. when used with a "hear" verb, a rumor or fame (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    3. news, tidings
    4. a reply, response
    Usage notesEdit

    Oto is used for loud sounds and voices, as opposed to ne (see below).

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨to2 → */tə//to/

    The shift from oto above, with the initial o being dropped.

    The drop is likely due to haplology with the possessive particle (no).

    NounEdit

    () (to

    1. sound; echo; voice
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3453), text here
        可是能(かぜの)()()登抱吉和伎母賀(とほきわぎもが)吉西斯伎奴(きせしきぬ)多母登乃久太利(たもとのくだり)麻欲比伎尓家利(まよひきにけり) [Man'yōgana]
        (かぜ)()(とほ)我妹(わぎも)()せし(きぬ)()(もと)のくだりまよひ()にけり [Modern spelling]
        kaze no to no tōki wagimo ga kiseshi-kinu tamoto no kudari, mayoi-ki ni keri
        My dear wife, far away (as the sound of the wind), some threads of the sleeves of the kimono you made me wear have come to be worn and chafed![5]
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ne2 → */nəɨ//ne/

    From Old Japanese.

    From (na, sound, bound form) + (i, emphatic nominative particle).

    Alternative formsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    () (ne

    1. a sound, voice
    2. the cry of an animal
    Usage notesEdit

    Ne is used for relatively soft sounds and voices that appeals to human emotions, as opposed to oto (see above).

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 5Edit

    Kanji in this term
    いん
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiɪm).

    The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (いん) (in

    1. (uncommon) Alternative form of (on)
      1. sound
        ()(いん)()(いん)shiin, boin(also shion, boon) consonant; vowel
      2. news; tidings; word
        (いん)(しん)inshin(also onshin) message, news

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    4. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    5. ^ Jan Lodewijk Pierson, Jr. (1964) The Makura-Kotoba of the Manyôśû, Leiden: Brill Archive, page 54

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 소리 (sori eum))

    1. (소리 음, sori-): sound
    2. (소식 음, sosig-): news
    3. ( 음, mal-): speech
    4. ( 음, eum-): pronunciation
      • 之對 文字讀聲 (지대 문자독성, hunjidae munjadokseong) the complement of the hun (hence) the sound reading a (Chinese) character.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KunigamiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *oto, from Proto-Japonic *ətə.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ふと゚ぅー, romaji futū)

    1. sound

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *oto, from Proto-Japonic *ətə.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うとぅ, rōmaji utu)

    1. sound

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (âm, ậm, ơm)

    1. sound; noise

    CompoundsEdit

    Usage notesEdit

    • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese equivalent is âm.

    ReferencesEdit


    YaeyamaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *oto, from Proto-Japonic *ətə.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うとぅ, romaji utu)

    1. sound

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *oto, from Proto-Japonic *ətə.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うとぅ, romaji utu)

    1. sound