U+97F3, 音
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-97F3

[U+97F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+97F4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 180 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿日 (YTA), four-corner 00601, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #180, (sound).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1396, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1912, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4495, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+97F3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːm
*qɯːm
*qɯːm, *qʰaːm, *qʰrɯm
*qɯːm, *qrɯm, *qrɯms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯːms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯm
*qɯːmʔ, *qɯːb
*qɯːms
*qɯːms
*qrɯːm, *qrɯːmʔ
*qʰrɯm
*qɯm
*qɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯms
*kʰrɯb

Pictogram (象形) – a mouth and tongue with something on them (sound). Compare , .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in⁵⁵/
Harbin /in⁴⁴/
Tianjin /in²¹/
Jinan /iẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /iə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /in²⁴/
Xi'an /iẽ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in⁵⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in⁵⁵/
Kunming /ĩ/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /in¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in³³/
Xiangtan /in³³/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /im⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /im²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm⁵³/
Nanning /jɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /im⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /im³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /im²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjim/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəm/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q](r)əm/
English sound, tone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15223
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sound, tone
  2. pitch
  3. pronunciation
      ―  cháoyīn  ―  Teochew pronunciation
    陽江 / 阳江  ―  yángjiāng yīn  ―  Yangjiang pronunciation

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (ʔim, sound).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おん, romaji on)

  1. sound

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
おと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おと, romaji oto)

  1. sound

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ne)

  1. sound

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(eum) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. (소리 음, sori-): sound
  2. (소식 음, sosig-): news
  3. ( 음, mal-): speech
  4. ( 음, eum-): pronunciation
    • 之對 文字讀聲 (지대 문자독성, hunjidae munjadokseong) the complement of the hun (hence) the sound reading a (Chinese) character.

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(âm, ậm, ơm, yên)

  1. sound; noise

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese equivalent is âm.

ReferencesEdit