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See also: and 𬮴
U+95C7, 闇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-95C7

[U+95C6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+95C8]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 169 +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日弓卜廿日 (ANYTA), four-corner 77601, composition)

  1. close, shut
  2. dark, dismal

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1338, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1843, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4309, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+95C7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𬮴 nonstandard simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːm
*qɯːm
*qɯːm, *qʰaːm, *qʰrɯm
*qɯːm, *qrɯm, *qrɯms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯːms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯm
*qɯːmʔ, *qɯːb
*qɯːms
*qɯːms
*qrɯːm, *qrɯːmʔ
*qʰrɯm
*qɯm
*qɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯms
*kʰrɯb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯːms): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *qrɯm).

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʌmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɒmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəmH/
Li
Rong
/ʔᴀmH/
Wang
Li
/ɒmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15214
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯːms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. dark, darkness

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Added to the jōyō kanji list on 30 November 2010; previously classified as jinmeiyō kanji.

See alsoEdit

  • (Tōyō character written in place of this character)

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
やみ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Ultimate roots uncertain. May be cognate with 病む (yamu, to be ill), 止む (yamu, to stop, to quit), 黄泉 (yomi, land of the dead).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やみ, rōmaji yami)

  1. the dark, darkness

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ʔəm, dark).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あん, rōmaji an)

  1. darkness, the dark
  2. a dark place
  3. (Buddhism) darkness, as a metaphor for worldly desires

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(am) (hangeul , revised am, McCune-Reischauer am, Yale am)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ám)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.