See also: and
U+6B20, 欠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B20

[U+6B1F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B21]
U+2F4B, ⽋
KANGXI RADICAL LACK

[U+2F4A]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F4C]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 76, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓人 (NO), four-corner 27802, composition )

  1. Kangxi radical #76, .

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 565, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15991
  • Dae Jaweon: page 953, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2133, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6B20

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Pictogram (象形) – a kneeling person with mouth open.

The reversed version of this character is 㒫 > (e.g. 既), which must not be confused with 无.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • kiam3 - Shantou, Chaoyang, Jieyang, Raoping;
  • kiêm3 - Chaozhou;
  • kiang3 - Chenghai.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (145)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter khjaemH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨɐmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiɐmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨamH/
Li
Rong
/kʰiɐmH/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ɐmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
him3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjomH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰ(r)om-s/
English yawn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10274
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoms/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. to lack; to be deficient
  2. to owe
  3. to ask for; to beg for
      ―  qiànzòu  ―  asking for a beating
  4. (Mandarin) to yawn
  5. (Mandarin) to raise slightly (a part of the body)
  6. (Mandarin, dialectal) to be fidgety and bungling
  7. (Wuhan Mandarin) to miss somebody

Synonyms

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  • (to lack):
  • (to owe):

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(Fourth grade kyōiku kanji)

  1. yawn
  2. lack

Readings

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Compounds

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Kanji

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Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(Fourth grade kyōiku kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. lack, shortage
  2. to be absent
  3. vacancy

Readings

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Usage notes

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term
あくび
Grade: 4
kun'yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
あくび
[noun] , 欠伸: [from 901] a yawn, yawning
[noun] : the element in kanji characters
[verb] to yawn
Alternative spelling
欠伸
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 하품 (hapum heum))

  1. Hanja form? of (yawn).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: khiếm

  1. chữ Hán form of khiếm (lacking).

Compounds

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