See also: and
U+6697, 暗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6697

[U+6696]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6698]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 日卜廿日 (AYTA), four-corner 60061, composition)

  1. dark
  2. obscure
  3. in secret, covert

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 498, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14065
  • Dae Jaweon: page 866, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1526, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6697

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms


𣈇
𣆛

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯːms): semantic  (sun) + phonetic  (OC *qrɯm).

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • am3 - Chaozhou;
  • ang3 - Chenghai.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (159)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔʌmH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔəmH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɒmH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəmH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔᴀmH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɒmH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔămH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    àn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    àn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔomH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˁum-s/
    English dark

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15213
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯːms/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dark (without light); dim
      Antonym: (míng)
    2. secret; covert

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. darkness

    ReadingsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    あん
    Grade: 3

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔʌmH).

    The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (あん) (an

    1. darkness

    AffixEdit

    (あん) (an

    1. dark
    2. blackish
    3. foolish
    4. secret; covert
    5. memorize; recite from memory

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 어두울 (eoduul am))

    1. Hanja form? of (darkness).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ám)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.