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ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(涅槃)

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished) or Pali nibbāna. Compare Thai นิพพาน (níp-paan).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (8) (3)
Final () (87) (62)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/net̚/ /bʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛt̚/ /buɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛt̚/ /bwan/
Li
Rong
/net̚/ /buɑn/
Wang
Li
/niet̚/ /buɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niet̚/ /bʱuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
niè pán

NounEdit

涅槃

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (涅槃):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
はん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 涅槃 (MC net̚ buɑn), itself a transliteration from Sanskrit निर्वाण (nirvāṇa, blown or put out, extinguished) or from Pali nibbāna.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

涅槃 (hiragana ねはん, rōmaji nehan)

  1. (Buddhism) nirvana; enlightened experience
    Heart Sutra (Wikipedia article):
    ... (おん) () (いっ) (さい) (てん) (どう) () (そう) () (ぎょう) () (はん)...
    onri (issai) tendō musō kugyō nehan
    Having transcended all illusions, the Bodhisattva finally transcends Nirvana.[2]
  2. (by extension, Buddhism) Short for 仏涅槃 (death of the Buddha).
  3. (by extension) death, dying
  4. salvation

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Zen Heart Sutra Phonetic – Translation Of The Kanji Of The Heart Sutra[1], accessed August 18, 2017