Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 109 +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月山弓金口 (BUNCR), four-corner 67061)

  1. look
  2. look out for
  3. respect

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 818, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1230, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2518, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+77BB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciam/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛm/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyem ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t.q]am/
English see, look at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16760
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjam/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan) to glance”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheom) (hangeul , revised cheom, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏm, Yale chem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chiêm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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