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U+76EE, 目
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76EE

[U+76ED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76EF]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 109, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition𠄠)

  1. Kangxi radical #109, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𥃦
𡇡
𥆤

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形) – human eye, now rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག (mig, eye), Burmese မျက် (myak, eye, face).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • mĕk/mĕ̤k - colloquial;
  • mŭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ba̍k - colloquial;
    • bo̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
    Harbin /mu⁵³/
    Tianjin /mu⁵³/
    Jinan /mu²¹/
    Qingdao /mu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
    Xi'an /mu²¹/
    Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /mu¹³/
    Lanzhou /mu¹³/
    Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
    Wuhan /mu³⁵/
    /moŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /mu³¹/
    Guiyang /mu²¹/
    Kunming /mu³¹/
    Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
    Hefei /məʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/ ~的
    /mu⁵⁵/ 眼~
    Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
    Suzhou /moʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
    Nanning /muk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /muk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
    /bak̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /møyʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mu⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /mak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mok̚³/
    /mak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.m(r)[u]k/
    English eye

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9333
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*muɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or Min) eye
        ―  ěr  ―  ears and eyes; spies
    2. eyesight
    3. to look; to view; to see
    4. to wink at
    5. to judge; to comment on
    6. opinion; viewpoint
    7. to view as; to regard
    8. hole; eyelet
    9. item; entry
    10. title; headline
    11. section
    12. list; catalogue; table of contents
    13. name
    14. target; goal
      • /   ―  biāo  ―  target
      •   ―    ―  target, goal
    15. chief; head; leader
    16. (taxonomy) order
    17. (Classical Chinese) to call; to address (of people's names and titles)
      Synonym: 稱呼称呼 (chēnghū)

    SynonymsEdit

    • (eye):

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (もく) (moku)
    • Korean: (, mok)
    • Vietnamese: mục ()

    CompoundsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨me2 → */məɨ//me/

    From Old Japanese.[1] Shift from ma below, formed through fusion of (ma, unbound form) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

    May also be cognate with (me, bud, shoot),[1] perhaps from the “visually prominent feature” sense.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    () (me

    1. an eye
      ()かゆいです。
      Me ga kayui desu.
      My eyes feel itchy.
      (ねむ)そうな()する(ねむ)そうな()こする
      nemusō na me o suru, nemusō na me o kosuru
      to have a sleepy look on one's face (eyes that look sleepy), to rub sleepy eyes
    2. visually prominent feature of something:
      1. Short for 賽の目 (sai no me, dice pip).
        • 2015 January 10, “あくのサイコロ [Demon’s Die]”, in 決闘者の栄光 -記憶の断片- side:武藤遊戯 [Duelist Road -Piece of Memory- side: Mutō Yūgi], Konami:
          ①:サイコロを(いっ)(かい)()る。(あい)()フィールドのモンスターの(こう)(げき)()(ょく・しゅ)()(りょく)は、ターン(しゅう)(りょう)()まで()()(かず)×100(ひゃく)ダウンする。
          Ichi: Saikoro o ikkai furu. Jibun fīrudo no monsutā no kōgekiryoku shubiryoku wa, tān shūryōji made deta me no kazu kakeru hyaku daun suru.
          1: Roll a die once. Until the end of this turn, the attack and defense strength of the monsters on your opponent’s field decreases by the result × 100.
        • 2015 September 19, “サイコロン [Dicyclone]”, in STRUCTURE DECK R -真帝王降臨- [STRUCTURE DECK R -Advent of the True Sovereign-], Konami:
          ①:サイコロを(いっ)(かい)()り、()()(こう)()(てき)(よう)する。
          Ichi: Saikoro o ikkai furi, deta me no kōka o tekiyō suru.
          1: Roll a die once, then apply an effect accordingly to the result.
      2. experience
        Synonym: 体験
        (いた)()()
        itai me ni au
        to go through something terrible
        (ひど)()()
        hidoi me ni au
        to meet a terrible fate
        大変(たいへん)()()
        taihen na me ni au
        experience something serious
    Derived termsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    () (-me

    1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
      三本(さんぼん)()のボトル
      sanbon-me no botoru
      third bottle
    2. visually prominent feature of something
      (むす)()()()()()
      musubime, amime, kikime
      knot (literally, “tying + [visual feature]”), stitch (literally, “knitting + [visual feature]”), effect or efficacy (literally, “working, having an effect + [visual feature]”)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese[1] as the older, unbound form of (me2).

    Cognate with 見る (miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    () (ma

    1. Combining form of (me) above
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    もく
    Grade: 1
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚). The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Compare modern Cantonese (muk6) and Wu (moq).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (もく) (moku

    1. (taxonomy) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
    2. a playing piece in a board game, such as a stone in the game of go
    3. a point in the game of go
    Derived termsEdit

    VerbEdit

    (もく)する (moku surusuru (stem (もく) (moku shi), past (もく)した (moku shita))

    1. to regard, to look upon
    2. (uncommon) to see, to look
    ConjugationEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぼく
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚). The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Compare modern Min Nan (bo̍k).

    Only used in compounds.

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (ぼく) (boku

    1. eye
    2. look, appearance
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (nun mok))

    1. Hanja form? of (eye; to look, to see; division, topic).

    CompoundsEdit


    Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived termsEdit


    Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived termsEdit


    Toku-No-ShimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    VietnameseEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: mục ((mạc)(lục)(thiết))[2][3][1][4]
    : Nôm readings: mục[2][1][4][5], mụt[6][1]

    1. Hán tự form of mục (item).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit