See also: , , , , , and
U+76EE, 目
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76EE

[U+76ED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76EF]
U+2F6C, ⽬
KANGXI RADICAL EYE

[U+2F6B]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F6D]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 109, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition 𠄠)

  1. Kangxi radical #109, .

Derived characters

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See also

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𥃦
𡇡
𥆤
⿵𦉪山

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形) – human eye, now rotated 90 degrees. Compare and the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག (mig, eye), Burmese မျက် (myak, eye, face).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • mĕk/mĕ̤k - colloquial;
  • mŭk - literary.
Note:
  • ba̍k - colloquial (“eye; hole; joint; classifier for segments; classifier for pieces in Go”);
  • bo̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
Harbin /mu⁵³/
Tianjin /mu⁵³/
Jinan /mu²¹/
Qingdao /mu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
Xi'an /mu²¹/
Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mu¹³/
Lanzhou /mu¹³/
Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
Wuhan /mu³⁵/
/moŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /mu³¹/
Guiyang /mu²¹/
Kunming /mu³¹/
Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
Hefei /məʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/ ~的
/mu⁵⁵/ 眼~
Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
Suzhou /moʔ³/
Hangzhou /moʔ²/
Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
Tunxi /mo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
Nanning /muk̚²²/
Hong Kong /muk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /bɔk̚⁵/
/bak̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /møyʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /mu⁴²/
Shantou (Teochew) /mak̚⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /mok̚³/
/mak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter mjuwk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muwk̚/
Li
Rong
/miuk̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
muk6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.m(r)[u]k/
English eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*muɡ/
 

Definitions

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  1. (literary or Min) eye (Classifier: mn-t)
    See also:
      ―  ěr  ―  ears and eyes; spies
    [Hokkien]  ―  ba̍k-chiu [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  eye
  2. eyesight
  3. to look; to view; to see
  4. to wink at
  5. to judge; to comment on
  6. opinion; viewpoint
  7. to view as; to regard
  8. item; entry
      ―  zhàng  ―  entry
  9. title; headline
  10. section
  11. list; catalogue; table of contents
      ―    ―  catalogue
  12. name
  13. target; goal
      ―  biāo  ―  target
      ―    ―  target, goal
  14. chief; head; leader
  15. (taxonomy) order
  16. (Classical) to call; to address (of people's names and titles)
    Synonym: 稱呼称呼 (chēnghū)
  17. (obsolete or Hokkien) hole; cavity; eyelet
  18. (Hokkien) joint; knot; lump
    [Hokkien]  ―  chhâ-ba̍k [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  lumps on wood
  19. (Hokkien) Classifier for segments, such as sugar cane.
  20. (Taiwanese Hokkien) Classifier for pieces in Go.

Synonyms

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Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (もく) (moku)
  • Korean: 목(目) (mok)
  • Vietnamese: mục ()

See also

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
H
[noun] [from 712] , : eye
[noun] [from 720] : visually prominent feature of something:
[noun] [from 720] : small hole, like those inherent to a net-like material (between the warp and the weft)
[noun] [from 759] : short for 賽の目 (sai no me, dice pip).
[noun] [from late 900s] : (by extension) experience
[suffix] [from early 1400s] : -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
[suffix] [from late 1800s] : visually prominent feature of something
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
H
[noun] , : prefixal bound form of (me, eye)
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)


Etymology 3

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Kanji in this term
もく
Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC mjuwk). The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial Middle Chinese borrowing.

Compare modern Cantonese (muk6) and Wu (moq).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(もく) (moku

  1. (taxonomy) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
  2. a playing piece in a board game, such as a stone in the game of go
  3. a point in the game of go
Coordinate terms
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Derived terms
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Etymology 4

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Kanji in this term
ぼく
Grade: 1
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC mjuwk). The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Compare modern Min Nan (bo̍k).

Pronunciation

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Affix

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(ぼく) (boku

  1. eye
  2. look, appearance
Derived terms
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References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC mjuwk).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 목〮 (Yale: mwók)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 눈〮 (Yale: nwún) 목〮 (Yale: mwók)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (nun mok))

  1. Hanja form? of (eye). [affix]
  2. Hanja form? of ((taxonomy) class). [noun]

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Miyako

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Kanji

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(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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Cognate with mainland Japanese () (me, eye).

Noun

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(みー) (

  1. eye
  2. sight

Northern Amami-Oshima

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Kanji

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(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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Cognate with mainland Japanese () (me, eye).

Noun

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(むぃー) (mïï

  1. eye
  2. sight

Okinawan

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Kanji

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(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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Cognate with mainland Japanese () (me, eye).

Noun

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(みー) (

  1. eye
  2. sight

Derived terms

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Southern Amami-Oshima

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Kanji

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(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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Cognate with mainland Japanese () (me, eye).

Noun

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(むぃー) (mïï

  1. eye
  2. sight

Derived terms

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Toku-No-Shima

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Kanji

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(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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Cognate with mainland Japanese () (me, eye).

Noun

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(むぃー) (mwī

  1. eye
  2. sight

Vietnamese

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Alternative forms

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Han character

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: Hán Việt readings: mục ((mạc)(lục)(thiết))[2][3][1][4]
: Nôm readings: mục[2][1][4][5], mụt[6][1]

  1. chữ Hán form of mục (item).

Compounds

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References

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