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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形): stylized depiction of the human eye, rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

Han characterEdit

(radical 109 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག ‎(mig, eye), Burmese မျက် ‎(myak, eye, face).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
Harbin /mu⁵³/
Tianjin /mu⁵³/
Jinan /mu²¹/
Qingdao /mu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
Xi'an /mu²¹/
Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mu¹³/
Lanzhou /mu¹³/
Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
Wuhan /mu³⁵/
/moŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /mu³¹/
Guiyang /mu²¹/
Kunming /mu³¹/
Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
Hefei /məʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/ ~的
/mu⁵⁵/ 眼~
Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
Suzhou /moʔ³/
Hangzhou /moʔ²/
Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
Tunxi /mo¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
Nanning /muk̚²²/
Hong Kong /muk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
/bak̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /møyʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mu⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /mak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /mok̚³/
/mak̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muwk̚/
Li
Rong
/miuk̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.m(r)[u]k/
English eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9333
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*muɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (classical, archaic or Min) eye
    耳目 (ěrmù, “ears and eyes”)
  2. eyesight
  3. to look, to view, to see
  4. to wink at
  5. to judge, to comment on
  6. opinion, viewpoint
  7. to view as, to regard
  8. hole, eyelet
  9. item, entry
  10. title, headline
  11. section
  12. list, catalogue, table of contents
  13. name
  14. target, goal
    • /   ―  biāo  ―  target
    •   ―  de  ―  target, goal
  15. chief, head, leader
  16. (taxonomy) order
SynonymsEdit
  • (eye):
Dialectal synonyms of 眼睛 ("eye")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 眼睛
Jinan
Xi'an 眼窩眼睛
Wuhan 眼睛
Chengdu 眼睛
Yangzhou 眼睛
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 眼睛
Hakka Meixian 目珠眼珠
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目珠眼珠
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠
Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠
Taiwanese Raoping 目珠
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目珠
Jin Taiyuan 眼睛
Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭
Min Dong Fuzhou 目睭
Min Nan Xiamen 目睭
Taipei 目睭
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 眼睛眼烏珠
Wenzhou 眼烏珠眼靈珠眼兒珠
Xiang Changsha 眼睛
Shuangfeng 眼珠
CompoundsEdit

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Old Japanese. Older, unbound form of ‎(me2). Cognate with 見る ‎(miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. eye
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

/me2/ *[məj] → /me/ [me]. Compound of ‎(ma, unbound form) +‎ ‎(i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. eye
     ()がかゆいです。
    Me ga kayui desu.
    My eyes feel itchy.
Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -me)

  1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
    三本 (さんぼん) ()のボトル
    sanbon-me no botoru
    third bottle

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
もく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese . Go'on, so likely an older borrowed reading. Compare modern Cantonese (muk6), or modern Wu (/mʊʔ¹²/).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana もく, romaji moku)

  1. (taxonomy) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
  2. a playing piece in a board game, a stone in the game of go
  3. a point in the game of go
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

する ‎(hiragana もくする, romaji moku suru)

  1. to regard, to look upon
  2. to see, to look (uncommon)
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
ぼく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely a later borrowed reading. Compare modern Min Nan (bo̍k).

Only used in compounds.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

‎(hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. an eye
  2. a look or appearance
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(mok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nun, McCune-Reischauer: nun)
  1. eye
  2. look, see
  3. division, topic

ReferencesEdit

  1. endic.naver.com
  2. hanjadic.bravender.net

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana むぃー, romaji mii)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(me).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana むぃー, romaji mii)

  1. eye
  2. sight

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana みー, romaji mii)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(me).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みー, romaji mii)

  1. eye
  2. sight

CompoundsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana むぃー, romaji mii)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(me).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana むぃー, romaji mii)

  1. eye
  2. sight

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mục, mụt, vĩnh)

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