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U+76EE, 目
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76EE

[U+76ED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76EF]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 109, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition𠄠)

  1. Kangxi radical #109, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

Wikidata has structured data related to:

Wikidata

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𥃦
𡇡
𥆤

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mroːɡ
*moːd, *muɡ
*muɡ

Pictogram (象形) – human eye, now rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག (mig, eye), Burmese မျက် (myak, eye, face).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • mĕk/mĕ̤k - colloquial;
  • mŭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ba̍k - colloquial;
    • bo̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
    Harbin /mu⁵³/
    Tianjin /mu⁵³/
    Jinan /mu²¹/
    Qingdao /mu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
    Xi'an /mu²¹/
    Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /mu¹³/
    Lanzhou /mu¹³/
    Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
    Wuhan /mu³⁵/
    /moŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /mu³¹/
    Guiyang /mu²¹/
    Kunming /mu³¹/
    Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
    Hefei /məʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/ ~的
    /mu⁵⁵/ 眼~
    Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
    Suzhou /moʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
    Nanning /muk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /muk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
    /bak̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /møyʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mu⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /mak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mok̚³/
    /mak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.m(r)[u]k/
    English eye

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9333
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*muɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or Min) eye
        ―  ěr  ―  ears and eyes; spies
    2. eyesight
    3. to look; to view; to see
    4. to wink at
    5. to judge; to comment on
    6. opinion; viewpoint
    7. to view as; to regard
    8. hole; eyelet
    9. item; entry
    10. title; headline
    11. section
    12. list; catalogue; table of contents
    13. name
    14. target; goal
      • /   ―  biāo  ―  target
      •   ―    ―  target, goal
    15. chief; head; leader
    16. (taxonomy) order

    SynonymsEdit

    • (eye):
    Dialectal synonyms of 眼睛 (“eye”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼睛,
    Mandarin Beijing 眼睛
    Taiwan 眼睛
    Harbin 眼睛
    Shenyang 眼睛
    Hailar 眼睛
    Ulanhot 眼睛
    Tongliao 眼睛
    Chifeng 眼睛, 眼珠子
    Bayanhot 眼睛
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Wanrong 眼窩
    Xi'an 眼睛, 眼窩 suburbs
    Zhengzhou
    Xining 眼睛, 眼窩
    Xuzhou 眼睛,
    Yinchuan 眼睛
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi 眼睛
    Wuhan 眼睛
    Chengdu 眼睛
    Guiyang 眼睛
    Guilin 眼睛
    Liuzhou 眼睛
    Kunming 眼睛
    Yangzhou 眼睛
    Nanjing 眼睛
    Hefei
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 眼睛
    Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) 眼窩
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Foshan
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Dongguan
    Shaoguan , 眼睛
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Ho Chi Minh City
    Gan Nanchang 眼睛
    Lichuan 眼睛
    Pingxiang 眼珠
    Hakka Meixian 眼珠, 目珠
    Xingning 眼珠
    Huidong (Daling) 眼珠
    Qujiang 眼珠
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
    Luchuan 眼睛
    Changting 目珠
    Pingyu 眼珠, 目珠
    Wuping 目珠
    Liancheng 目珠
    Ninghua 眼珠
    Yudu 眼睛
    Ruijin 眼珠
    Shicheng 眼睛
    Shangyou 眼珠
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 目珠, 眼珠
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠
    Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 目珠
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目珠
    Hong Kong
    Sabah (Longchuan) , 眼珠仁
    Senai
    Singkawang 目珠
    Huizhou Jixi 眼睛, 眼烏珠, 眼烏珠子
    Shexian , 眼睛
    Tunxi 眼睛
    Xiuning 眼睛
    Yixian 眼睛
    Qimen 眼睛
    Wuyuan 眼睛
    Fuliang 眼珠兒
    Dexing 眼珠
    Jin Taiyuan 眼睛,
    Pingyao , 眼睛
    Xinzhou
    Baochang 眼睛
    Jining 眼窩
    Hohhot 眼窩
    Baotou 眼窩
    Dongsheng 眼窩
    Linhe 眼窩
    Haibowan 眼窩
    Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭
    Dikou 目睭
    Songxi 目睭
    Zhenghe 目睭
    Zhenqian 目睭
    Jianyang 目睭
    Wuyishan 目睭
    Shibei 目睭
    Min Dong Fuzhou 目睭,
    Changle 目睭
    Fuqing 目睭
    Pingtan 目睭
    Yongtai 目睭
    Gutian 目睭
    Fu'an 目睭
    Ningde 目睭
    Shouning 目睭
    Zhouning 目睭
    Fuding 目睭
    Matsu 目睭
    Min Nan Xiamen 目睭,
    Tong'an 目睭
    Quanzhou 目睭,
    Jinjiang 目睭
    Nan'an 目睭
    Shishi 目睭
    Hui'an 目睭
    Anxi 目睭
    Yongchun 目睭
    Dehua 目睭
    Zhangzhou 目睭,
    Longhai 目睭
    Changtai 目睭
    Hua'an 目睭
    Nanjing 目睭
    Pinghe 目睭
    Zhangpu 目睭
    Yunxiao 目睭
    Zhao'an 目睭
    Dongshan 目睭
    Taipei 目睭, 目睭仁
    Kaohsiung 目睭, 目睭仁
    Tainan 目睭, 目睭仁
    Taichung 目睭
    Wuqi 目睭
    Hsinchu 目睭
    Taitung 目睭
    Lukang 目睭, 目睭仁
    Sanxia 目睭, 目睭仁
    Yilan 目睭, 目睭仁
    Kinmen 目睭
    Magong 目睭
    Penang 目睭,
    Singapore 目睭
    Philippines (Manila) 目睭
    Longyan 目睭
    Zhangping 目睭
    Zhangping (Yongfu) 目睭
    Datian 目珠
    Pingnan 目睭
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng , 目睭
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 目睭
    Xianyou 目睭
    Pinghua Nanning 眼睛
    Guilin 眼睛
    Shehua Guixi
    Jingning
    Wu Shanghai 眼睛
    Suzhou 眼睛, 眼烏珠
    Hangzhou 眼睛
    Wenzhou 眼烏珠, 眼靈珠, 眼兒珠
    Chongming 眼睛, 眼烏珠
    Danyang 眼睛
    Jinhua 眼睛
    Ningbo 眼睛
    Xiang Changsha 眼睛
    Shuangfeng 眼珠
    Loudi 眼珠
    Quanzhou 眼睛

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.[1] Older, unbound form of (me2). Cognate with 見る (miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji ma)

    1. eye
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨me2 → *[məj]/me/, [me]

    From Old Japanese.[1] Shift from ma above, formed through fusion of (ma, unbound form) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

    May also be cognate with (me, bud, shoot),[1] perhaps from the “visually prominent feature” sense.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji me)

    1. an eye
       ()かゆいです。
      Me ga kayui desu.
      My eyes feel itchy.
       (ねむ)そうな ()する (ねむ)そうな ()こする
      nemusō na me o suru, nemusō na me o kosuru
      to have a sleepy look on one's face (eyes that look sleepy), to rub sleepy eyes
    2. visually prominent feature of something:
      1. Short for 賽の目 (sai no me, dice pip).
        • 2015 January 10, “あくのサイコロ [Demon’s Die]”, in 決闘者の栄光 -記憶の断片- side:武藤遊戯 [Duelist Road -Piece of Memory- side: Mutō Yūgi], Konami:
          ①:サイコロを1 (かい) ()る。 (あい) ()フィールドのモンスターの (こう) (げき) (りょく) (しゅ) () (りょく)は、ターン (しゅう) (りょう) ()まで () () (かず)×100ダウンする。
          Ichi: Saikoro o ikkai furu. Jibun fīrudo no monsutā no kōgekiryoku shubiryoku wa, tān shūryōji made deta me no kazu × hyaku daun suru.
          ①: Roll a die once. Until the end of this turn, the attack and defense strength of the monsters on your opponent’s field decreases by the result × 100.
        • 2015 September 19, “サイコロン [Dicyclone]”, in STRUCTURE DECK R -真帝王降臨- [STRUCTURE DECK R -Advent of the True Sovereign-], Konami:
          ①:サイコロを1 (かい) ()り、 () () (こう) () (てき) (よう)する。
          Ichi: Saikoro o ikkai furi, deta me no kōka o tekiyō suru.
          ①: Roll a die once, then apply an effect accordingly to the result.
      2. experience
        Synonym: 体験
         (いた) () ()
        itai me ni au
        to go through something terrible
         (ひど) () ()
        hidoi me ni au
        to meet a terrible fate
        大変 (たいへん) () ()
        taihen na me ni au
        experience something serious
    Derived termsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -me)

    1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
       (さん) (ぼん) ()のボトル
      sanbon-me no botoru
      third bottle
    2. visually prominent feature of something
       (むす) () () () () ()
      musubime, amime, kikime
      knot (literally, “tying + [visual feature]”), stitch (literally, “knitting + [visual feature]”), effect or efficacy (literally, “working, having an effect + [visual feature]”)

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    もく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese . Go'on, so likely an older borrowed reading. Compare modern Cantonese reading muk6, or modern Wu /mʊʔ¹²/.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana もく, rōmaji moku)

    1. (taxonomy) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
    2. a playing piece in a board game, a stone in the game of go
    3. a point in the game of go
    Derived termsEdit

    VerbEdit

    する (hiragana もくする, rōmaji moku suru)

    1. to regard, to look upon
    2. to see, to look (uncommon)
    ConjugationEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぼく
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (). Kan'on, so likely a later borrowed reading. Compare modern Min Nan reading bo̍k.

    Only used in compounds.

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana ぼく, rōmaji boku)

    1. an eye
    2. a look or appearance
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (nun mok))

    1. Hanja form? of (eye; to look, to see; division, topic).

    CompoundsEdit


    Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived termsEdit


    Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived termsEdit


    Toku-No-ShimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    VietnameseEdit