See also: , , , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
目-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形): stylized depiction of the human eye, rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

目 目 目 目
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 109 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101)

  1. eye
  2. look, see
  3. division, topic, (biology) order

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: Template:Han KangXi link, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping muk6, Yale muk6)

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ muk, Guangdong muk7, muk8; muk7 [Dongguan], Hagfa Pinyim mug5, mug6)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Old Japanese. Older, unbound form of (me2). Cognate with 見る (miru, to see). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. (anatomy) eye
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/me2/ *[məj] → /me/ [me]. Compound of (ma, unbound form) +‎ (i, emphatic nominal particle). Now the modern Japanese term for eye.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. (anatomy) eye
     ()がかゆいです。
    Me ga kayui desu.
    My eyes feel itchy.
Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -me)

  1. -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
    三本 (さんぼん) ()のボトル
    sanbon-me no botoru
    third bottle

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Chinese . Go'on, so likely an older borrowed reading. Compare modern Cantonese /muk⁶/, or modern Wu /mʊ̆ʔ¹²/

NounEdit

(hiragana もく, romaji moku)

  1. (biology) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
  2. a playing piece in a board game, a stone in the game of go
  3. a point in the game of go
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

目 + する (hiragana もくする, romaji moku suru)

  1. to regard, to look upon
  2. to see, to look (uncommon)
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Chinese . Kan'on, so likely a later borrowed reading. Compare modern Min Nan /bo̍k/.

Only used in compounds.

AffixEdit

(hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. an eye
  2. a look or appearance
Derived termsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mok, McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nun, McCune-Reischauer: nun)
  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

MandarinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle Chinese (mjuk), Old Chinese *mjəkʷ. Cognate with Old Tibetan མིག (mig, eye).[1]

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (mu4), Wade-Giles mu4)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. eye
  2. item
    账目 entry
  3. section
  4. list, catalogue, table of content
    目录
  5. (taxonomy) order
  6. target, goal
    目标, 目的

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-22.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*miuk)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA bo̍k (bok8), ba̍k (bak8))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mục, mụt)

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.


Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:49