See also: , , , , , and
U+76EE, 目
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76EE

[U+76ED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76EF]
U+2F6C, ⽬
KANGXI RADICAL EYE

[U+2F6B]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F6D]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 109, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月山 (BU), four-corner 60101, composition𠄠)

  1. Kangxi radical #109, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 798, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23105
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1213, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2467, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+76EE

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𥃦
𡇡
𥆤
⿵𦉪山

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Pictogram (象形) – human eye, now rotated 90 degrees. Compare the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓁹.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjak ~ s-mik. Cognate with Tibetan མིག (mig, eye), Burmese မျက် (myak, eye, face).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • mĕk/mĕ̤k - colloquial;
  • mŭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ba̍k - colloquial;
    • bo̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mu⁵¹/
    Harbin /mu⁵³/
    Tianjin /mu⁵³/
    Jinan /mu²¹/
    Qingdao /mu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mu²⁴/
    Xi'an /mu²¹/
    Xining /mv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /mu¹³/
    Lanzhou /mu¹³/
    Ürümqi /mu²¹³/
    Wuhan /mu³⁵/
    /moŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /mu³¹/
    Guiyang /mu²¹/
    Kunming /mu³¹/
    Nanjing /muʔ⁵/
    Hefei /məʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
    Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/ ~的
    /mu⁵⁵/ 眼~
    Wu Shanghai /moʔ¹/
    Suzhou /moʔ³/
    Hangzhou /moʔ²/
    Wenzhou /mu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/
    Tunxi /mo¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /muʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /muk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /muk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mok̚²/
    Nanning /muk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /muk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bɔk̚⁵/
    /bak̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /møyʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mu⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /mak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /mok̚³/
    /mak̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.m(r)[u]k/
    English eye

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9333
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*muɡ/
     

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or Min) eye (Classifier: mn-t)
      See also:
        ―  ěr  ―  ears and eyes; spies
      [Hokkien]  ―  ba̍k-chiu [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  eye
    2. eyesight
    3. to look; to view; to see
    4. to wink at
    5. to judge; to comment on
    6. opinion; viewpoint
    7. to view as; to regard
    8. hole; eyelet
    9. item; entry
      /   ―  zhàng  ―  entry
    10. title; headline
    11. section
    12. list; catalogue; table of contents
      /   ―    ―  catalogue
    13. name
    14. target; goal
      /   ―  biāo  ―  target
        ―    ―  target, goal
    15. chief; head; leader
    16. (taxonomy) order
    17. (Classical Chinese) to call; to address (of people's names and titles)
      Synonym: 稱呼称呼 (chēnghū)

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (もく) (moku)
    • Korean: (, mok)
    • Vietnamese: mục ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [noun] [from 712] , : eye
    [noun] [from 759] : visually prominent feature of something:
    [noun] [from 759] : Short for 賽の目 (sai no me, dice pip).
    [noun] [from late 900s] : experience
    [suffix] [from early 1400s] : -st, -nd, -rd, or -th, for ordinal numbers (e.g. 8th or eighth, 9th or ninth)
    [suffix] [from late 1800s] : visually prominent feature of something
    Alternative spellings
    ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [noun] : prefixal bound form of (me, eye)
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)


    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    もく
    Grade: 1
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚). The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Compare modern Cantonese (muk6) and Wu (moq).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (もく) (moku

    1. (taxonomy) an order in biology: smaller than a class, bigger than a family
    2. a playing piece in a board game, such as a stone in the game of go
    3. a point in the game of go
    Derived termsEdit

    VerbEdit

    (もく)する (moku surusuru (stem (もく) (moku shi), past (もく)した (moku shita))

    1. to regard, to look upon
    2. (uncommon) to see, to look
    ConjugationEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ぼく
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚). The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

    Compare modern Min Nan (bo̍k).

    Only used in compounds.

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (ぼく) (boku

    1. eye
    2. look, appearance
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨuk̚).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 목〮 (Yale: mwók)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527 눈〮 (Yale: nwún) 목〮 (Yale: mwók)

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (nun mok))

    1. Hanja form? of (eye). [affix]
    2. Hanja form? of ((taxonomy) class). [noun]

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived termsEdit


    Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    Derived termsEdit


    Toku-No-ShimaEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (me, eye).

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むぃー, romaji )

    1. eye
    2. sight

    VietnameseEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: mục ((mạc)(lục)(thiết))[2][3][1][4]
    : Nôm readings: mục[2][1][4][5], mụt[6][1]

    1. Hán tự form of mục (item).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit