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See also:
U+786F, 硯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-786F

[U+786E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7870]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一口月山山 (MRBUU), four-corner 16610, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 831, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24233
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1247, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2433, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+786F

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeːlʔ, *kʰeːns, *ɡeːns
*ɡreːns
*ɡreːns
*ŋl'eːns, *ɡeːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːnʔ, *ɡeːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːns, *ɡeːns
*kʰeːns, *ɡeːnʔ
*kʰeːns, *qʰeːnʔ, *ɡeːnʔ
*ŋɡeːn, *ŋɡeːns
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːns

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • giān - literary;
  • hīⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /niɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ȵian¹³/
Guiyang /nian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ȵie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
Hui Shexian /ne²²/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
/ȵiẽ¹¹/
Xiangtan /ȵiẽ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²²/
Nanning /jin²²/
Hong Kong /jin²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gian²²/
/hĩ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiŋ⁴⁴/
/miŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ĩ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋenH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋenH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɛnH/
Li
Rong
/ŋenH/
Wang
Li
/ŋienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ŋ]ˤe[r]-s/ (< uvular)
English smooth stone; inkstone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6196 6197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡeːn/ /*ŋɡeːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. inkstone

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. inkstone

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
すずり
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana すずり, rōmaji suzuri)

  1. inkstone

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghiền, nghiên, nghiễn, nghẽn, khố)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit