U+786F, 硯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-786F

[U+786E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7870]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一口月山山 (MRBUU), four-corner 16610, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 831, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24233
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1247, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2433, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+786F

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡeːlʔ, *kʰeːns, *ɡeːns
*ɡreːns
*ɡreːns
*ŋl'eːns, *ɡeːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːnʔ, *ɡeːnʔ
*keːnʔ
*keːns, *ɡeːns
*kʰeːns, *ɡeːnʔ
*kʰeːns, *qʰeːnʔ, *ɡeːnʔ
*ŋɡeːn, *ŋɡeːns
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːnʔ
*ɡeːns

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • giān - literary;
  • hīⁿ - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian⁵¹/
Harbin /ian⁵³/
Tianjin /ian⁵³/
Jinan /iã²¹/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian³¹²/
Xi'an /iã⁴⁴/
Xining /iã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ian¹³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ian²¹³/
Wuhan /niɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ȵian¹³/
Guiyang /nian²¹³/
Kunming /iɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ien⁴⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ȵie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ȵi²²/
Hui Shexian /ne²²/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiẽ⁵⁵/
/ȵiẽ¹¹/
Xiangtan /ȵiẽ²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ian⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʒen⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jin²²/
Nanning /jin²²/
Hong Kong /jin²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gian²²/
/hĩ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiŋ⁴⁴/
/miŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ĩ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋenH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋenH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɛnH/
Li
Rong
/ŋenH/
Wang
Li
/ŋienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ŋ]ˤe[r]-s/ (< uvular)
English smooth stone; inkstone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6196 6197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡeːn/ /*ŋɡeːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. inkstone

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. inkstone

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
すずり
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana すずり, rōmaji suzuri)

  1. inkstone

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghiền, nghiên, nghiễn, nghẽn, khố)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit