Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
吾-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
吾-oracle.svg 吾-bronze.svg 吾-silk.svg 吾-bigseal.svg 吾-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲) Semantic + phonetic

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一口 (MMR), four-corner 10601, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 180, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3379
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 585, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+543E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa. Cognate with (), (ǎn), 𠊎.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuo/ /ŋuo/ /ŋo/ /ŋuo/ /ŋɔ/ /ŋu/ /ŋo/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣa/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/ /ŋɯa/ /ŋaɨ/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngu › /*ŋˤa/ I, my

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13135 0 /*ŋraː/ 允吾漢縣
13146 0 /*ŋaː/

PronounEdit

  1. (literary, classical, dialectal) I, me, my, our

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of ("I")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Chengdu
Xi'an
Hefei
Wuhan
Jinan
Yangzhou
Cantonese Yangjiang
Guangzhou
Taishan
Hong Kong
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
Meixian 𠊎
Taiwanese Raoping 𠊎
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Chaozhou
Xiamen
Taipei
Wu Wenzhou
Suzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Wu

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. I, me

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Old JapaneseEdit

PronounEdit

‎(わ, wa)

  1. I, oneself

DescendantsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngô, ngo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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