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U+543E, 吾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-543E

[U+543D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+543F]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一口 (MMR), four-corner 10601, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 180, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3379
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 585, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+543E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraː, *ŋaː
*ŋraː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
峿 *ŋaː
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː): phonetic  (OC *ŋaːʔ) + semantic  (mouth).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-j ~ ka (I). Cognate with (OC *ŋaːlʔ, “I”), Hakka 𠊎 (ngài, I).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • wú - standard;
  • wǔ - common variant.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • ǹg - literary;
    • ngâ - vernacular (“my”).
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋo/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋˁa/
    English I, my

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13146
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or dialectal) I
    2. (literary or dialectal) my
    3. A surname​. Wu
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of (“I”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , , , , , ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan ,
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan)
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha) 𠊎
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Yangjiang
    Nanning
    Danzhou
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 𠊎
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 𠊎
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 𠊎
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 𠊎
    Heyuan (Bendihua) 𠊎
    Liannan 𠊎
    Conghua (Lütian) 𠊎
    Jiexi 𠊎
    Changting 𠊎
    Wuping 𠊎
    Ninghua 𠊎
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 𠊎
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
    Hong Kong 𠊎
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Min Nan Xiamen ,
    Quanzhou ,
    Zhangzhou ,
    Taipei ,
    Kaohsiung ,
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Wenchang , humble, used by someone in the younger generation
    Wu Shanghai , , 阿拉
    Suzhou ,
    Wenzhou
    Ningbo , 我儂, 像我
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng ,

    Usage notesEdit

    Before the Three Kingdoms period, ("I") was mostly only used as a subject, a pronoun object of a negated sentence or an interrogative pronoun object (the latter two cases are where the pronoun object is placed before the verb), meaning seldom occurred as the pronoun object that is placed after a verb.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋa/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13135
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋraː/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 允吾.

    Pronunciation 3Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 吾吾.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. I, me

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    われ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term

    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries at .
    われ【我・吾】
    [pronoun]first person personal pronoun: I, me, oneself
    [pronoun]second person personal pronoun: you
    わ【我・吾】
    [pronoun]first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    (This term, , is an alternative kanji spelling of .)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あれ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at あれ.
    あれ【吾・我】
    [pronoun](obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    (This term, , is a kanji spelling of あれ.)

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at .
    あ【吾・我】
    [pronoun](obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    (This term, , is a kanji spelling of .)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune–Reischauer o)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Old JapaneseEdit

    PronounEdit

    (wa) (kana )

    1. I, oneself

    DescendantsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngô, ngo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999