See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(roof) + phonetic  – study carefully at home.

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十月人火 (JBOF), four-corner 30901, composition)

  1. examine, investigate
  2. notice

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 290, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7283
  • Dae Jaweon: page 574, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 948, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BDF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰat̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑt̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰat̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰat̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰuɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sak̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣɛt̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰat̚/ /t͡ʃʰɛt̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæt̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰəɨt̚/ /t͡ʃʰæt̚/ /t͡ʃʰæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chá ‹ tsrhɛt › /*[tsʰ]ˤret/ examine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5849 2 𪙻 /*sʰreːd/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chal) (hangeul , revised chal, McCune-Reischauer ch'al)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sát, xét)

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