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See also:
U+5BDF, 察
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BDF

[U+5BDE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BE0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十月人火 (JBOF), four-corner 30901, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 290, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7283
  • Dae Jaweon: page 574, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 948, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BDF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms ⿱宀叉 (second-round simplified)

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlaːds
*ʔsreːds
*ʔsreːds, *ʔsleds
*ʔsleds
*ʔsleds
*ʔsleds
*hr'eds
*sʰleːds
*sʰlaːd
*sʰlaːd, *saːd
*sʰlaːd
*sʰreːd
*sʰreːd, *sʰeːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰreːd): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsreːds, *ʔsleds) – study carefully at home.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa˧˥/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ˦˥/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˨/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˨/
Xi'an /t͡sʰa˨˩/
Xining /t͡sʰa˦˦/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˥˧/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˥˧/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa˥˩/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa˨˩˧/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa˧˩/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa˨˩/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠˧˩/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑʔ˥/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɐʔ˥/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰaʔ˨/
Pingyao /t͡sʰʌʔ˩˧/
Hohhot /t͡sʰaʔ˦˧/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ˥/
Suzhou /t͡sʰaʔ˥/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ˥/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰa˨˩˧/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰaʔ˨˩/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ˥/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa˨˦/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ˨˦/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰaʔ˥/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰat̚˩/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑt̚˨˨/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰat̚˧/
Nanning /t͡sʰat̚˧˧/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚˧/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰat̚˧˨/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɑʔ˨˧/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰuɛ˨˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰak̚˨/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sak̚˥/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (19)
Final () (75)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cha
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chá
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˁret/
English examine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5849
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
𪙻
Old
Chinese
/*sʰreːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to examine; to investigate; to notice

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. guess

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chal) (hangeul , revised chal, McCune–Reischauer ch'al)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sát, xét)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.