Contents

TranslingualEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
禹-oracle.svg 禹-bronze.svg 禹-bigseal.svg 禹-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 114 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹中月戈 (HLBI), four-corner 20427)

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 848, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1269, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 39, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+79B9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English insect; proper name

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15960
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Name of a Xia Dynasty emperor in ancient China: Emperor Yŭ, Yŭ the Great, or Dà Yŭ.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji U)

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty in ancient China

External linksEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. (성씨) a surname
  2. (大禹) Yu the Great
  3. (임금) king
  4. (벌레) worm
  5. (곡척) steel square

Usage notesEdit

ko:w: 우 (하나라) #우의 치수사업
  • 禹라는 문자는 본래 도마뱀이나 악어, 용의 모습을 그린 상형문자로, 우의 기원은 황하에 살던 물의 신이라고 보기도 한다.[출처 필요]
우 임금 禹(우)
김경일, 한자교실, 바다출판사, 1999.
  • 더듬이와 꼬리가 긴 곤충 종류의 상형문. 아마도 토템 대상인 듯하다. 역사가 긴 부족.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

  • 夏禹 Hạ Vũ
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ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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