U+79B9, 禹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79B9

[U+79B8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79BA]
See also:

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 114, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹中月戈 (HLBI), four-corner 20427, composition ⿻⿱丿)

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 848, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1269, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 39, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+79B9

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𰁻
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin

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The Shuowen interprets the character as pictographic (象形) of an animal. The bronze-script character clearly shows the component.

Etymology

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insect
Compare Proto-Tibeto-Burman *was (honey, bee) (Benedict, 1972) or semantically closer Proto-Waic *wak "insect" (Schuessler, 2007), the latter from Proto-Palaungic *ʋaːk (insect, worm) (Sidwell, 2015).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter hjuX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyu5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English insect; proper name

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15960
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/

Definitions

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  1. (Chinese mythology) Yu the Great (the legendary king associated with a flood myth and the foundation of the Xia dynasty)
  2. insect

Compounds

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References

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Southern Min

Japanese

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Kanji

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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Name of a Xia Dynasty emperor in ancient China: Emperor Yŭ, Yŭ the Great, or Dà Yŭ.

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC hjuX).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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() (U

  1. Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia Dynasty in ancient China

Further reading

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Korean

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Hanja

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(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune–Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. (성씨) a surname
  2. (大禹) Yu the Great
  3. (임금) king
  4. (벌레) worm
  5. (곡척) steel square

Usage notes

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ko:w: 우 (하나라) #우의 치수사업
  • 禹라는 문자는 본래 도마뱀이나 악어, 용의 모습을 그린 상형문자로, 우의 기원은 황하에 살던 물의 신이라고 보기도 한다.[출처 필요]
우 임금 禹(우)
김경일, 한자교실, 바다출판사, 1999.
  • 더듬이와 꼬리가 긴 곤충 종류의 상형문. 아마도 토템 대상인 듯하다. 역사가 긴 부족.

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings:

  • 夏禹 Hạ Vũ
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

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  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999