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U+7FBD, 羽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FBD

[U+7FBC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FBE]
U+FA1E, 羽
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA1E

[U+FA1D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA1F]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 124, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸一尸戈一 (SMSIM) or 尸竹尸竹竹 (SHSHH), four-corner 17120, composition习(GHTJV) or ⿰⿹𠃌丿丿⿹𠃌⿱丿丿(K or U+FA1E))

  1. Kangxi radical #124, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 955, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28614
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1400, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3341, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7FBD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𦏲

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ, *ɢʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ, *ɢʷaʔ
*ɢʷaʔ, *ɢʷas
*peːns, *ɢʷaʔ, *qʰʷan

Pictogram (象形): wings or feathers.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y²¹⁴/
Harbin /y²¹³/
Tianjin /y¹³/
Jinan /y⁵⁵/
Qingdao /y⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /y⁵³/
Xi'an /y⁵³/
Xining /y⁵³/
Yinchuan /y⁵³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y⁵¹/
Wuhan /y⁴²/
Chengdu /y⁵³/
Guiyang /i⁴²/
Kunming /i⁵³/
Nanjing /y²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /y⁵³/
Pingyao /y⁵³/
Hohhot /y⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦy²³/
Suzhou /y⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /vu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /y³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵy²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y⁴¹/
Xiangtan /y²¹/
Gan Nanchang /y²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /i⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²³/
Nanning /y²⁴/
Hong Kong /jy²³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (35) (35)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/ /ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/ /ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/ /ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/ /ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/ /i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English feather, wing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15946 15950
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/ /*ɢʷas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. feather, plume
  2. wing
  3. (music) fifth note in the Chinese pentatonic scale

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 翅膀 (“wing (of a bird or insect)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , , , 𦑜, of a bird
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 翅膀, , , 翼翅, 羽翼
Mandarin Beijing 翅膀兒, 翅膀子, 膀兒, 翅兒
Taiwan 翅膀
Harbin 翅膀兒
Jinan 翅膀
Muping 翅膀兒, 翅子
Luoyang 翅膀
Wanrong 翅關
Wanrong (Ronghe) 翅膀
Xi'an 翅膀
Zhengzhou 翅膀
Xining 膀膀
Xuzhou 翅膀, 翅膀子, 翅膀兒
Yinchuan 膀子
Lanzhou 膀子
Ürümqi 膀子
Wuhan 翅膀
Huanggang 翅桿
Chengdu 翅膀兒, 翅膀
Guiyang 翅膀
Guilin 翅膀
Liuzhou 翅膀
Yangzhou 翅膀
Nanjing 翅膀
Hefei 翅膀子, 膀子
Nantong 翅刮
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 膀子, 翅膀, 翅膀兒, 翅膀膀兒
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
Macau
Panyu
Huadu (Huashan)
Conghua
Zengcheng
Foshan
Nanhai (Shatou)
Shunde
Sanshui
Gaoming (Mingcheng)
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha)
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang)
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan
Bao'an (Shajing)
Yangjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang 翼膀, 翅膀
Lichuan , 翼膀
Pingxiang 翼胛, 翼巴
Hakka Meixian 翼胛
Xingning 翼拍
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua) 翼盼
Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 翼盼
Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua)
Huidong (Daling) 翼拍
Dongguan (Qingxi)
Longmen (Pingling Bendihua) 翼拍
Longmen (Luxi Bendihua)
Boluo (Bendihua) , 翼拍
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
Zengcheng (Zhengguo)
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
Wuhua (Shuizhai) 翼拍
Wuhua (Huacheng) 翼拍
Wuhua (Changbu) 翼拍
Wuhua (Mianyang) 翼拍
Heyuan (Bendihua) 翼膀
Zijin (Guzhu Bendihua) 翼拍
Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua)
Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua)
Heping (Linzhai Bendihua)
Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua) 翼膀
Lianping (Longjie Bendihua)
Qujiang 翼拍
Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua)
Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua) 翼拍
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) ,
Liannan
Conghua (Lütian)
Jiexi
Luchuan
Luchuan (Daqiao)
Changting 翼拍
Pingyu 翼拍
Wuping 翼胛
Liancheng 翼汗
Ninghua 翼拍, 翼胛
Yudu 翅膀, 翼膀
Ruijin 翼拍
Shicheng 翼拍, 翼膀
Shangyou 翼膀
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 翼胛
Liudui (S. Sixian) 翼胛
Hsinchu (Hailu) 翼胛
Dongshi (Dabu) 翼胛
Hsinchu (Raoping) 翼胛
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah (Longchuan)
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi 翼梭
Tunxi 翼膀, 肘翼, 肘翼膀
Yixian
Qimen 翅翼, 翅扇, 翅扇兒
Wuyuan 翼膀
Fuliang 翅翼兒
Jin Taiyuan 翅膀
Xinzhou 翅膀
Hohhot 翅膀, 膀子, 翅翅
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian 翼匹
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou , 翼翼
Changle
Fuqing , 翼翼
Yongtai 翼胛
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning 翼髀
Zhouning
Fuding 翼膀
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen , 翼股, 翼仔
Quanzhou , 翼股, 翼仔
Jinjiang 翼股
Zhangzhou , 翼股, 翼仔
Dongshan
Kaohsiung 翼仔
Tainan 翼仔
Taichung
Wuqi 翼股
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Zhangping (Yongfu)
Datian
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning , 翅膀
Guilin 翅膀
Wu Shanghai 翅膀, 翨𦑜
Suzhou 翅膀, 翨𦑜
Wuxi 翅膀
Hangzhou 翼翅膀
Wenzhou , 翼膀
Chongming 扇肩
Danyang 翅膀
Jinhua 翼膀
Ningbo 翼梢, 翼梢膀
Xiang Changsha 翼胛, 翅膀
Shuangfeng 翼胛
Xiangtan 翼胛
Loudi 翼胛
Quanzhou 翅桿, 翅膀

Coordinate termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
はね
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Appears in the Wamyō Ruijushō of 938 CE.[1]

Compound of (ha, feather, see below) +‎ (ne, root), originally referring specifically to where the quill of a feather attaches to the skin. Over time, the meaning broadened to refer to a feather, and from there, to refer to a wing.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はね, rōmaji hane)

  1. (archaic) the portion of a feather where the quill attaches to the skin
    Synonyms: 羽茎 (haguki) (rare), (kaku) (rare)
  2. a feather, down, plume
    Synonym: 羽毛 (umō)
  3. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  4. a fletching on an arrow
    Synonyms: 矢羽根, 矢羽 (yabane)
  5. a shuttlecock
    Synonym: 羽子 (hago)
  6. a blade (of a fan)
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana はね, rōmaji Hane)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

May be cognate with (ha, leaf).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ha)

  1. a feather (including synthetic feathers, as on a modern shuttlecock)
  2. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  3. a fletching on an arrow
  4. (archery) when a bow is strung, the distance between the grip and the serving (nocking point) on the bowstring
  5. the thin, flange-like overhanging part of a tea ceremony kettle
  6. Short for 羽振り (haburi): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  7. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various designs of bird feathers
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji -ha, alternative reading , rōmaji -ba, alternative reading , rōmaji -pa, alternative reading , rōmaji -wa)

  1. counter for birds
  2. counter for leporids
Usage notesEdit

When suffixed, the -ha changes to either (-ba) or (-pa) due of rendaku (連濁), or (-wa) due to ハ行転呼音 (ha-gyō tenkoon, historical ha-column sound shift), as in /-p-//-ɸ-//-w-/.

Derived termsEdit

Japanese number-counter combinations for
1 2 3 4 5
 (いち) () (ichiwa)  () () (niwa) 三羽 (さんわ) (sanwa)
三羽 (さんば) (sanba)
四羽 (よんわ) (yonwa)
 () () (yowa)
四羽 (よんば) (yonba)
 () () (gowa)
6 7 8 9 10
 (ろく) () (rokuwa)
六羽 (ろっぱ) (roppa)
 (なな) () (nanawa)
 (しち) () (shichiwa)
 (はち) () (hachiwa)
八羽 (はっぱ) (happa)
九羽 (きゅうわ) (kyūwa) 十羽 (じゅうわ) (jūwa)
十羽 (じゅっぱ) (juppa)
十羽 (じっぱ) (jippa)
100 1,000 10,000 How many?
 (ひゃく) () (hyakuwa)
百羽 (ひゃっぱ) (hyappa)
千羽 (せんわ) (senwa)
千羽 (せんば) (senba)
 (いち) (まん) () (ichimanwa)
 (いち)万羽 (まんば) (ichimanba)
何羽 (なんわ) (nanwa)
何羽 (なんば) (nanba)

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji u)

  1. (music) the fifth and highest note in the Chinese pentatonic scale
    Hypernyms: 五音, 五韻 (goin)

AffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji u)

  1. wing (of a bird or insect)
  2. (historical) Short for 出羽 (Dewa-no-kuni): Dewa Province
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u) (hangeul )

  1. the fifth note in the Chinese pentatonic scale

Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Kojiki (712 CE).

Possibly cognate with (pa, leaf).

NounEdit

(pa) (kana )

  1. a feather, down, plume
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4494)
      水鳥乃可毛能伊呂乃青馬乎家布美流比等波可芸利奈之等伊布
      mi1duto2ri no2 kamopa no2 iro2 no2 awouma wo ke1pu mi1ru hi1to2 pa kagi1ri nasi to2 ipu
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. a wing (of an insect)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 3, poem 376)
      秋津之袖振妹乎珠匣奥尓念乎見賜吾君
      akidupa no2 so1de puru imo wo tamakusige2 oku ni omopu wo mi1tamape1 waga ki1mi1
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. a fletching on an arrow

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (は, ha, ば, -ba, ぱ, -pa, わ, -wa)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.