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U+7FBD, 羽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FBD

[U+7FBC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FBE]
U+FA1E, 羽
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA1E

[U+FA1D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA1F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 124, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸一尸戈一 (SMSIM) or 尸竹尸竹竹 (SHSHH), four-corner 17120, composition习(GHTJV) or ⿰⿹𠃌丿丿⿹𠃌⿱丿丿(K or U+FA1E))

  1. Kangxi radical #124, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 955, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28614
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1400, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3341, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7FBD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𦏲

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ, *ɢʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʰʷaʔ, *ɢʷaʔ
*ɢʷaʔ, *ɢʷas
*peːns, *ɢʷaʔ, *qʰʷan

Pictogram (象形): wings or feathers.

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y²¹⁴/
Harbin /y²¹³/
Tianjin /y¹³/
Jinan /y⁵⁵/
Qingdao /y⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /y⁵³/
Xi'an /y⁵³/
Xining /y⁵³/
Yinchuan /y⁵³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y⁵¹/
Wuhan /y⁴²/
Chengdu /y⁵³/
Guiyang /i⁴²/
Kunming /i⁵³/
Nanjing /y²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /y⁵³/
Pingyao /y⁵³/
Hohhot /y⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦy²³/
Suzhou /y⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /vu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /y³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵy²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y⁴¹/
Xiangtan /y²¹/
Gan Nanchang /y²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /i⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²³/
Nanning /y²⁴/
Hong Kong /jy²³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /u⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (35) (35)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/ /ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/ /ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/ /ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/ /ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/ /ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/ /i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English feather, wing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15946 15950
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/ /*ɢʷas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. feather, plume
  2. wing
  3. (music) fifth note in the Chinese pentatonic scale, or la

Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

shinjitai

kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. feathers
  2. counter for birds, rabbits

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
はね
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Appears in the Wamyō Ruijushō of 938 CE.[1]

Compound of (ha, feather) +‎ (ne, root), originally referring specifically to where the quill of a feather attaches to the skin. Over time, the meaning broadened to refer to a feather, and from there, to refer to a wing.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はね, rōmaji hane)

  1. (archaic) the portion of a feather where the quill attaches to the skin
    Synonyms: 羽茎 (haguki) (rare), (kaku) (rare)
  2. a feather
    Synonym: 羽毛 (umō)
  3. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  4. a fletching on an arrow
    Synonyms: 矢羽根, 矢羽 (yabane)
  5. a shuttlecock
    Synonym: 羽子 (hago)
  6. a blade (of a fan)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Kojiki of 712 CE, and the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

May be cognate with (ha, leaf).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ha)

  1. a feather (including synthetic feathers, as on a modern shuttlecock)
  2. a wing (as of a bird, bat, insect, or airplane)
    Synonym: (tsubasa)
  3. a fletching on an arrow
  4. (archery) when a bow is strung, the distance between the grip and the serving (nocking point) on the bowstring

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Shift in reading of ha above due to ハ行転呼, i.e. /p/>/w/

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji -wa, historical hiragana )

  1. counter for birds
  2. counter for rabbits

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji u)

  1. feather; wing

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji u)

  1. (music) the highest tone of a pentatonic scale

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji U)

  1. (historical) the ancient Japanese province of 出羽 (Dewa)
    Only used in compounds.
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u) (hangeul )

  1. the fifth note in the pentatonic scale; la

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.