See also:
U+77E9, 矩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77E9

[U+77E8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77EA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 111, +5 in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 矢+4 in mainland China, 10 strokes in traditional Chinese, Japanese and Korean, 9 strokes in mainland China, cangjie input 人大尸尸 (OKSS), four-corner 81417 or 81817, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 824, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23947
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1236, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2582, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+77E9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷaʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɡaʔ).

EtymologyEdit

“(physics) moment”
From the sense “square shape”; coined by Chinese translator Wu Guangjian in 1904, but not widely used then; in the 1930s, was chosen as the standard translation of moment by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of China, and this word became more and more common than the former term 能率 (nénglǜ) (Wang, 2013).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/kioX/
Wang
Li
/kĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
geoi2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English carpenter"s square

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7059
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. carpenter's square
  2. square (shape)
  3. rule; law
  4. (physics) moment [from 1904]
      ―    ―  torque
      ―    ―  magnetic moment
    Synonym: 能率 (nénglǜ(obsolete)
  5. (~州) (historical) Old name for 貴州贵州 (Guìzhōu, “Guizhou”) during the Yuan dynasty.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): (ku)
  • Kun: さしがね (sashigane, ); かねざし (kanezashi); のり (nori, )


Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

() (ku

  1. carpenter's square
  2. square (shape)
  3. rule; law

NounEdit

() (ku

  1. (astronomy) quadrature

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: củ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.