U+C6B0, 우
HANGUL SYLLABLE U
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:d-n

[U+C6AF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C6B1]




요 ←→ 워
See also: -우- and -우

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Korean (wùh), from Old Korean 上只 (*WUk).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

NounEdit

South Korean
Standard Language
(wi)
North Korean
Standard Language
(u)

(u)

  1. Alternative form of (wi, top, above).
    • 2004 October 10, “구름우에 솟은 《왕》들의 집13개의 분교 [The House of "Kings", Soaring Above the Clouds]”, in KCNA[1]:
      이곳에서 내려다보면 마치 구름 분교 마을 둥둥 있는 같다.
      Igos-eseo naeryeodabomyeon machi gureum u-e bungyo-wa ma'eur-i dungdung tteo-inneun geon-man gatda.
      Looking down from here, it looks just like the schoolhouse and the village are floating on top of the the clouds.
Usage notesEdit
  • This form is considered standard in North Korea and dialectal in South Korea. The opposite is true for (wi).

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from (right-side).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [u(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(u)

  1. (formal) right side
    Synonyms: 우측(右側) (ucheuk), 오른쪽 (oreunjjok)
    Antonym: 좌(左) (jwa, left side)
  2. (politics) right wing
    Synonyms: 우파(右派) (upa), 우익(右翼) (u'ik)
    Antonym: 좌(左) (jwa, political left)
Usage notesEdit
  • Commonly written in hanja in news headlines, even in contemporary text otherwise devoid of Chinese characters.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from (foolish).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

NounEdit

(u) (hanja )

  1. foolish mistake
    범하고 말았습니다.U-reul beom-hago maratseumnida.I ended up committing a foolish error.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

IdeophoneEdit

(u)

  1. Conveys forceful collective movement, e.g. of crowds or gusts.
    분노한 시위대 대통령궁으로 몰려들었다.
    Bunno-han siwidae-deur-i daetongnyeonggung-'euro u mollyeo-deureotda.
    The outraged protesters stormed into the presidential palace.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from (excellent).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?wu

NounEdit

(u) (hanja )

  1. The second-highest score in the five-point grading system in South Korean schools, ultimately abolished in 2012; equivalent to B in the Roman alphabet grading scheme.
    Coordinate terms: 수(秀) (su), 미(美) (mi), 양(良) (yang), 가(可) (ga)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Sino-Korean word from (fifth note in the pentatonic scale).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [u(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?u
Revised Romanization (translit.)?u
McCune–Reischauer?u
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(u) (hanja )

  1. (music) the fifth note in the pentatonic scale of East Asian classical music, equivalent to la
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(u)

Extended content
  1. : residence
    (eumhun reading: (jip u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX))
  2. : rain
    (eumhun reading: (bi u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH))
  3. : meet
    (eumhun reading: 만날 (mannal u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoH))
  4. : sufficient
    (eumhun reading: 넉넉할 (neongneok-hal u))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨu))
  5. : friend
    (eumhun reading: (beot u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuX))
  6. : an ancient king
    (eumhun reading: 임금 (imgeum u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX))
  7. : cattle
    (eumhun reading: (so u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨu))
  8. : right
    (eumhun reading: 오른 (oreun u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuX, ɦɨuH))
  9. : post
    (eumhun reading: 우편 (upyeon u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨu))
  10. : again
    (eumhun reading: (tto u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuH))
  11. : fortune
    (eumhun reading: (bok u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuH))
  12. : anxiety
    (eumhun reading: 근심 (geunsim u))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨu))
  13. : to help
    (eumhun reading: 도울 (doul u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨuH))
  14. : foolish
    (eumhun reading: 어리석을 (eoriseogeul u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  15. : pair
    (eumhun reading: (jjak u))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋəuX, ŋəuH))
  16. : Literary Chinese particle
    (eumhun reading: 어조사 (eojosa u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  17. : wing
    (eumhun reading: 날개 (nalgae u))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX, ɦɨoH))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoH))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨu))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo, ʔɨo, ʔɨoX))
  23. :
    (MC reading: )
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo, hɨo))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo, ɦɨoH))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨo))
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨoX))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨo))
  31. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋəuX))
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  33. :
    (MC reading: )
  34. :
    (MC reading: )
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoX))
  36. :
    (MC reading: )
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨo, ɦɨoH))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo))
  40. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨoH))
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨu))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨo))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɨo))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC ŋəuX))