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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai U.png
U+3046, う
HIRAGANA LETTER U

[U+3045]
Hiragana
[U+3047]

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

SyllableEdit

(romaji u)

  1. The hiragana syllable (u). Its equivalent in katakana is (u). It is the third syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (a-gyō u-dan, row a, section u).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kana spelling of various words.

NounEdit

(rōmaji u)

  1. : cormorant

Etymology 3Edit

From the older auxiliary verb .

VerbEdit

(rōmaji u)

  1. (auxiliary) Expressing one's will to do something.
    そろそろ (かえ)
    Sorosoro kaerō.
    I'll return before long.
    手伝 (てつだ)か。
    Tetsudaō ka.
    Shall I help?
    •  (たん) (じょう) ()ケーキを (つく) (おも)っています。
      Tanjōbi kēki o tsukurō to omotte imasu.
      I'm thinking about baking a birthday cake.
    •  (たん) (じょう) ()ケーキを (つく)としています。
      Tanjōbi kēki o tsukurō to shite imasu.
      I'm trying to bake a birthday cake.
  2. (auxiliary) Inducing or stimulating other person to do something.
    明日一緒 (あしたいっしょ) (がっ) (こう) ()
    Ashita issho ni gakkō ni ikō.
    Let's go to school together tomorrow.
  3. (auxiliary, archaic) Presenting a supposition.
    そんなことはなかろ
    Sonna koto wa nakarō.
    There's probably no such thing.
Usage notesEdit
  • Attaches to the 未然形 (mizenkei, imperfective form) of verbs. The sound change of auō takes place. For example,  (かえ) (kaeru) (かえ) (kaera) + (u) (かえ)ろう (kaerō).
  • (u) is only used after godan verbs. よう () is used with other verb classes.
SynonymsEdit