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ChineseEdit

toad; moon toad
simp. and trad.
(蟾蜍)
variant forms 蟾蠩
蟾諸蟾诸
蟬蜍蝉蜍
 
蟾蜍

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • siem5 su5 - Chaozhou;
  • siam5 su5 - Jieyang.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (25) (25)
Final () (153) (153) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇm/ /d͡ʑiᴇm/ /d͡ʑɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛm/ /d͡ʑiɛm/ /d͡ʑiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjæm/ /d͡ʑjæm/ /d͡ʑiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciam/ /d͡ʑiam/ /d͡ʑɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛm/ /ʑiɛm/ /ʑiɔ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛm/ /ʑĭɛm/ /ʑĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛm/ /ʑi̯ɛm/ /ʑi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhān chán chú

NounEdit

蟾蜍

  1. toad (Classifier: )
  2. Jin Chan, the Chinese Money Toad
  3. (literary) moon

SynonymsEdit

  • (toad):
Dialectal synonyms of 蟾蜍 (“toad”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 戚施, 詹諸
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蟾蜍
Mandarin Beijing 疥蛤蟆, 疥蛤子
Taiwan 癩蛤蟆
Jinan 疥蛤蟆
Xi'an 疥肚子
Wuhan 癩蛤蟆
Chengdu 癩蜞螞兒, 癩疙寶
Yangzhou 癩瘊子
Hefei 癩大蛄子, 癩瘊子
Cantonese Guangzhou 蠄蟝
Hong Kong 蠄蟝
Taishan 蠄蜍
Yangjiang 蠄蜍
Gan Nanchang 癩蛤蟆
Hakka Meixian 蟾蜍螺
Xingning 蛤蟆
Huidong (Daling) 蛤蟆, 蟾蜍
Qujiang 蟾蜍婆
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 蛤蟆
Changting 黽角
Pingyu 𧊅子
Wuping 雞舅婆
Liancheng 蚊家甲
Ninghua 癩蛤蟆
Yudu 癩蛤蟆, 蚊蛤
Ruijin 蚊蛤
Shicheng 蚊蛤
Shangyou 蚊蛤
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蟾蜍
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蟾蜍螺
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟾蜍
Dongshi (Dabu) 蟾蜍
Hsinchu (Raoping) 蟾蜍
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蚯蚯婆
Jin Taiyuan 疥蛤蟆
Min Bei Jian'ou 屎坑粕, 蛤蟆仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 老婆
Min Nan Xiamen 螿蜍
Quanzhou 螿蜍
Zhangzhou 螿蜍
Taipei 螿蜍
Kaohsiung 螿蜍
Tainan 螿蜍
Taichung 螿蜍
Hsinchu 螿蜍
Lukang 螿蜍
Sanxia 螿蜍, 蟾蜍
Yilan 螿蜍
Kinmen 螿蜍
Magong 螿蜍
Chaozhou 蛤婆
Wu Shanghai 癩水蛤巴, 癩蛤巴, 癩團, 癩水, 癩蛤蟆
Suzhou 癩團
Wenzhou 刺牯, 癩蛙蟆
Xiang Changsha 癩頭蛤蟆, 癩蛤蟆
Shuangfeng 鬼蟆蟈
  • (Money Toad): 金蟾 (jīnchán)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (蟾蜍):

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

蟾蜍 (hiragana ひきがえる, katakana ヒキガエル, rōmaji hikigaeru, historical hiragana ひきがへる, historical katakana ヒキガヘル)

  1. Alternative spelling of 蟇蛙 (toad) (amphibian similar to a frog)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
せん
Hyōgaiji
じょ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Chinese 蟾蜍

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蟾蜍 (hiragana せんじょ, katakana センジョ, rōmaji senjo, historical hiragana せんじよ)

  1. a toad (amphibian similar to a frog)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN