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See also:
U+5360, 占
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5360

[U+535F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5361]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 25 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜口 (YR), four-corner 21600, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 157, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2780
  • Dae Jaweon: page 361, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 92, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5360

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːm
*ɦlaːm, *hljems, *hl'eːms
*ɦlaːm
*rteːm, *rdeːms, *teːm, *tʰjeb
*rteːms
*sreːm
*nem
*nem
*slem, *ʔl'ɯm
*tem
*tem, *teːms, *tʰeːm
*tems, *tʰem
*tʰem, *ɡrem, *tʰeːb
*ʔljem, *tjems
*tjemʔ
*tjems, *teːm
*hljem, *hljems
*hljem, *teːms
*njem
*lem
*teːm
*tiːm
*teːmʔ
*teːmʔ, *teːms
*tiːms
*tiːms, *tim
*tʰeːm
*deːmʔ
*neːm
*neːm
*ʔl'ɯm
*teːb
*teːb, *tʰeːb
*tʰeːb
*tʰeːb
*tʰeːb
*tʰeːb

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciam/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛm/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyem ›
Old
Chinese
/*tem/
English prognosticate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16706
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔljem/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to divine; to foretell
  2. (obsolete) to watch or to peep
  3. Variant pronunciation of sense "to recount orally" below
  4. A surname
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciamH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛmH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16709
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjems/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to recount orally

Usage notesEdit

Sources vary in the pronunciation of sense "to recount orally". Zhengzitong claimed a level tone, yet Zihui claimed a departing tone.

The standard Mandarin pronunciation is zhàn in China Mainland and Taiwan.

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from English jam.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Cantonese) jam (type of fruit preserve)
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うら, rōmaji ura)

  1. (archaic) fortune-telling

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeom) (hangeul , revised jeom, McCune-Reischauer chŏm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chiêm, chăm, chàm, chễm, chím, chiếm, giếm, chầm, chằm, chem, coi, xem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.