JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "開く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
開く [àkú]
Imperative (命令形) 開け [àké]
Key constructions
Passive 開けられる けられる [àkérárérú]
Causative 開かせる かせる [àkásérú]
Potential 開けられる けられる [àkérárérú]
Volitional 開こう [àkóꜜò]
Negative 開かない かない [àkánáí]
Negative perfective 開かなかった かなかった [àkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 開きます きま [àkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 開いた いた [àítá]
Conjunctive 開いて いて [àíté]
Hypothetical conditional 開けば [àkéꜜbà]

VerbEdit

() (akuintransitive godan (stem () (aki), past ()いた (aita))

Japanese verb pair
active ()ける
mediopassive ()
  1. to open
    (かの)(じょ)シャツ(ちい)さな(あな)()いています
    Kanojo no shatsu ni chīsana ana ga aite imasu.
    There is a small hole on her shirt.
    (literally, “A small hole is opening on her shirt.”)
  2. to begin
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
ConjugationEdit
  • The passive, causative, and volitional forms are never used.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ひら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "開く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
開く [hìráꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 開け [hìráꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 開かれる らかれ [hìrákáréꜜrù]
Causative 開かせる らかせ [hìrákáséꜜrù]
Potential 開ける らけ [hìrákéꜜrù]
Volitional 開こう らこ [hìrákóꜜò]
Negative 開かない らかない [hìrákáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 開かなかった らかなかった [hìrákáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 開きます らきま [hìrákímáꜜsù]
Perfective 開いた いた [hìráꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 開いて いて [hìráꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 開けば けば [hìráꜜkèbà]

VerbEdit

(ひら) (hirakutransitive or intransitive godan (stem (ひら) (hiraki), past (ひら)いた (hiraita))

Japanese verb pair
active (ひら)
mediopassive (ひら)ける
  1. to open, lift, uncover, unpack
    (なに)(ひら)
    Nanika ga hiraku.
    [something] opens.
    (だれ)(なに)かを(ひら)
    Dareka ga nanika o hiraku.
    [someone] opens [something].
  2. to bloom
  3. to start, open (a store)
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN