See also: akū, Aku, Akụ, āku, āķu, and a'kü

Banjarese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Brooke's Point Palawano edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Philippine *ʔakúʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

A reduction of akumulaator, ultimately from Latin accumulātor.

Noun edit

aku (genitive aku, partitive akut)

  1. battery, cell, accumulator

Declension edit

Declension of aku (ÕS type 16/pere, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative aku akud
accusative nom.
gen. aku
genitive akude
partitive akut akusid
illative akku
akusse
akudesse
inessive akus akudes
elative akust akudest
allative akule akudele
adessive akul akudel
ablative akult akudelt
translative akuks akudeks
terminative akuni akudeni
essive akuna akudena
abessive akuta akudeta
comitative akuga akudega

Greenlandic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Inuit *aku- (interval, to mix), from Proto-Eskimo *akuv- (between, to mix). Compare akunneq (interval) and akulaaq (crotch).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

aku (plural akut)

  1. ingredient
  2. estuary, mouth of a river

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Guaraní edit

Adjective edit

aku

  1. hot

Hadza edit

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

aku

  1. what kind?, which?

Related terms edit

Hawaiian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

aku

  1. bonito, skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis)

Particle edit

aku

  1. direction away from the speaker, away
  2. soon, later, earlier, last (week, year, etc.)

Usage notes edit

  • Mai and aku may change the meaning of the verb:
    aʻo mai (to learn)aʻo aku (to teach)
    kūʻai mai (to buy)kūʻai aku (to sell)

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Iban edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Indonesian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Malay aku, from Classical Malay اكو (aku), from Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku. Compare Maori aku, Malagasy aho. Doublet of daku.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈʔä.ku]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧ku
  • Rhymes: -ku

Pronoun edit

aku (first-person singular pronoun, referring to the speaker)

  1. I
    Aku mau makan.I want to eat.
  2. me
    Dia mengajak aku.He invite me.
  3. (informal) my (belonging to me)
    Kucing aku hitam.My cat is black.

Usage notes edit

  • This is an informal form of first-person singular personal pronoun.
  • The form is shortened to -ku when used as a possessive pronoun and the direct/indirect object of a verb.

Alternative forms edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

aku

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あく

Jarai edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ikuR, from Proto-Austronesian *ikuR.

Noun edit

aku (classifier ƀĕ)

  1. tail

Javanese edit

Romanization edit

aku

  1. Romanization of ꦲꦏꦸ

Kabishiana edit

Noun edit

äḳu

  1. water

References edit

  • Merritt Ruhlen, The Origin of Language: Tracing the Evolution of the Mother Tongue (1996, →ISBN

Kapampangan edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Philippine *ʔakúʔ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: a‧ku
  • IPA(key): /ˈaku/, [ˈäː.xu]

Pronoun edit

áku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Karo Batak edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Latvian edit

Noun edit

aku f

  1. inflection of aka:
    1. accusative/instrumental singular
    2. genitive plural

Malay edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

First attested in the Telaga Batu inscription, 683 AD, as Old Malay [script needed] (aku).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

aku (Jawi spelling اکو)

  1. I (personal pronoun)
    Aku orang itu.
    I am that person.
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
    Ini aku.
    This is me.
  5. my (belonging to me)
    Ini beg aku.
    This is my bag.

Usage notes edit

  • Should not be used when speaking to anyone who is elder or of a higher status.

Synonyms edit

Verb edit

aku (Jawi spelling اکو)

  1. to confess, to admit to be true.
    Dia akui kesalahan dirinya
    He admits his own mistake.

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Maori edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *au, from Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *au, from Proto-Polynesian *au, from Proto-Oceanic *au, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.
Cognate with Indonesian aku, Malagasy aho, Tagalog ako.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. my (when talking of more than one thing)
    Ko aku tīpuna ērā.Those are my grandparents.

Usage notes edit

A possessive determiner which must be followed by a noun, unlike āku and ōku. This is the neutral or informal form and is not governed by the a and o categories. It cannot be stressed, in which case either āku or ōku must be used, depending on the category of the noun.

Declension edit

References edit

  • aku” in John C. Moorfield, Te Aka: Maori–English, English–Maori Dictionary and Index, 3rd edition, Longman/Pearson Education New Zealand, 2011, →ISBN.

Mbyá Guaraní edit

Adjective edit

aku

  1. (to be) hot

Conjugation edit

Mmen edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

aku

  1. forest

Further reading edit

Mori Bawah edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bungku-Tolaki *ku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Moronene edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bungku-Tolaki *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Nupe edit

 
Àkú

Etymology edit

From Hausa aku.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /à.kú/

Noun edit

àkú (plural àkúzhì)

  1. African gray parrot (Psittacus erithacus)

Old Javanese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Javanese: ꦲꦏꦸ (aku)

References edit

  • "aku" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Sasak edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aku, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku, from Proto-Austronesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)

Tausug edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I

Ternate edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

aku (Jawi أكو)

  1. (auxiliary) to be allowed, may
    aku ua sakali-sakali ana ihoru sosirait is absolutely not allowed that they paddle earlier
    una owosa toma hito, mina moaku uahe enters the kitchen, she may not
    ngone fosabea ge akuwe (incl.) may pray for that

Usage notes edit

As an auxiliary, aku follows the main verb. It may take the subject clitics (o, mo, etc.) only either for emphasis or when aku is used as the sole verb in a sentence.

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of aku
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toaku foaku miaku
2nd noaku niaku
3rd Masculine oaku iaku, yoaku
Feminine moaku
Neuter iaku
- archaic

References edit

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Tokelauan edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈa.ku]
  • Hyphenation: a‧ku

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *qa-ku. Cognates include Maori āku.

Pronoun edit

a aku

  1. (alienable) mine
See also edit

Determiner edit

aku

  1. (alienable) my
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *haku. Cognates include Hawaiian aʻu and Samoan a'u.

Noun edit

aku

  1. needlefish of the genus Strongylura

References edit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986), Tokelau Dictionary[1], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 10

Totoli edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)aku, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)aku.

Pronoun edit

aku

  1. I (personal pronoun)
  2. me (direct object of a verb)
  3. me (object of a preposition)
  4. me (indirect object of a verb)
  5. my (belonging to me)