(phonetic character); (final part.); (interj.); flatter; an initial particle; prefix to names of people
|grandmother; matron; mother-in-law|
|simp. and trad.
- (Southwestern Mandarin, dialectal Cantonese, Hakka, dialectal Wu) paternal grandmother
- (Southwestern Mandarin, Cantonese, Gan, dialectal Wu, Pinghua) maternal grandmother
- (Wu) mother-in-law (husband's mother)
- (dialectal, honorific) old woman
- (Gan) midwife (female only)