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U+963F, 阿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-963F

[U+963E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9640]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一弓口 (NLMNR), four-corner 71220, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1348, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41599
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1850, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4119, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+963F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːlʔ
*kaːl
*kaːl, *ɡaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
*kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːl
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
*qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːls
*qaːl
*qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl, *kʰraːls
*qaːl
娿 *qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl
*kʰraːlʔ
*qʰraːlʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qaːl): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʰaːlʔ): Originally meaning a big mound.

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔa(ŋ/k)- (noun prefix) (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • a - vernacular;
  • o - literary.
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in front of persons' given names or kinship terms to express familiarity (traditionally in rural or southern Chinese dialects).
        ―  ā  ―  Dad
        ―  Ā Biǎn  ―  A-Bian (Chen Shui-bian)
        ―  Ā Gān  ―  A-Gump (Forrest Gump)
      Q正傳 / Q正传  ―  Āqiū Zhèngzhuàn”  ―  The True Story of Ah Q
    2. Alternative form of (ā, á, ǎ, à, a, “particle”).
    3. Short for 阿富汗 (Āfùhàn, “Afghanistan”).
    4. Short for 阿爾巴尼亞阿尔巴尼亚 (Ā'ěrbāníyà, “Albania”).
    5. Short for 阿拉伯 (Ālābó, “Arabic”).
    6. (loanword) atto- (SI unit prefix)
    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    SI prefix
    Last Next
    /

    DescendantsEdit

    • English: Ah

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
    Note:
    • Quanzhou:
      • o - vernacular;
      • o͘ - literary.
  • (Teochew)

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (94)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔa/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ē
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ē ē
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔa › ‹ ʔa ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˁa[j]/ /*ʔˁa/ (< *qˁaj)
    English slope, river bank 阿會亘 ēhuìxuān: Skt. ābhāsvara “shining” (E. Hàn)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7468
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qaːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. big mound
    2. mountain
    3. fine silks
    4. bend; corner
    5. waterside
    6. nearby; near
    7. A surname​.
    8. to flatter; to pander to
      諛奉承 / 谀奉承  ―  ēyúfèngchéng  ―  sweet-talking
    9. to be unfairly partial to
    10. Alternative form of (ē, “to excrete”).
    CompoundsEdit

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɑ).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji a)

    1. The first letter of Sanskrit, (a).
    Derived termsEdit
    See alsoEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji a)

    1. to flatter; to pander to
    2. ridge (of roof); eaves
    3. A prefix expressing familiarity.
    4. Used as a phonetic element, especially in words from Sanskrit.
    5. Short for 阿弗利加 (Afurika, Africa).
    6. Short for 阿波国 (Awa no kuni, Awa Province).
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see くま.
    (This term, , is a kanji spelling of くま.)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (a, ok) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (a, à)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.