Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一弓口 (NLMNR), four-corner 71220, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1348, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41599
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1850, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4119, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+963F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qaːl): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰaːlʔ): Originally meaning a big mound.

Pronunciation 1Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in front of persons' given names or kinship terms to express familiarity (traditionally in rural or southern Chinese dialects).
      ―  ā  ―  Dad
      ―  Ā Biǎn  ―  A-Bian (Chen Shui-bian)
      ―  Ā Gān  ―  A-Gump (Forrest Gump)
  2. Alternative form of (ā,á,ǎ,à,a, “particle”).
  3. Short for 阿富汗 (Āfùhàn, “Afghanistan”).
  4. Short for 阿爾巴尼亞阿尔巴尼亚 (Ā'ěrbāníyà, “Albania”).
  5. Short for 阿拉伯 (Ālābó, “Arabic”).

DescendantsEdit

  • English: Ah

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔa/
Li
Rong
/ʔɑ/
Wang
Li
/ɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ē
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ē ē
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔa › ‹ ʔa ›
Old
Chinese
/*qˤa[j]/ /*ʔˤa/ (< *qˤaj)
English slope, river bank 阿會亘 ēhuìxuān: Skt. ābhāsvara “shining” (E. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7468
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. big mound
  2. mountain
  3. fine silks
  4. bend; corner
  5. waterside
  6. nearby; near
  7. A surname​.
  8. to flatter; to pander to
    諛奉承 / 谀奉承  ―  ēyúfèngchéng  ―  sweet-talking
  9. to be unfairly partial to
  10. Alternative form of (ē, “to excrete”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(a, ok) (hangeul , , revised a, ok, McCune-Reischauer a, ok, Yale a, ok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(a, à)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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