Contents

ChineseEdit

 
mischievous; obstinate; to play; stupid; stubborn; naughty
 
strength; force; power; powerful; better
trad. (頑強)
simp. (顽强)

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

頑強

  1. staunch, tenacious, indomitable

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: S
きょう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

/gwankjau//gwankjɔː//gwankjoː//gankjoː/

Probably from Middle Chinese compound 頑強 ‎(ŋuan gǐaŋ, literally obstinate + strong). Compare modern Cantonese reading waan4 koeng4, Mandarin wánqiáng.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

頑強 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana がんきょう, romaji gankyō, historical hiragana ぐわんきやう)

  1. strong, tough, hardy
  2. tenacious, stubborn, obstinate, adamant

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
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