ChineseEdit

 
to be born; to give birth; life
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
 
to live; alive; living
to live; alive; living; work; workmanship
simp. and trad.
(生活)
alternative forms 松豪 calligraphy brush

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
Initial () (21) (21) (33)
Final () (109) (109) (64)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () II II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/ /ʃˠæŋH/ /ɦuɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/ /ʃᵚaŋH/ /ɦʷɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/ /ʃaŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋH/ /ɦwat̚/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/ /ʂɐŋH/ /ɣuɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng shèng huó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sang1 sang3 wut6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng shēng shēng huó
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræng › ‹ sræng › ‹ srjæng › ‹ hwat ›
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?) /*sreŋ/ /*sreŋ/ (or *s.reŋ ?) /*[ɡ]ʷˁat/
English bear, be born; live fresh, raw bear, be born; live to live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
No. 11312 11322 7585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleːŋ/ /*sreŋs/ /*ɡoːd/

NounEdit

生活

  1. life (activities in life)
    日常生活  ―  rìcháng shēnghuó  ―  everyday life
    城市生活  ―  chéngshì shēnghuó  ―  urban life
    生活節奏 / 生活节奏  ―  shēnghuó jiézòu  ―  pace of life
    豪華生活 / 豪华生活  ―  háohuá shēnghuó  ―  high life
    熱愛生活 / 热爱生活  ―  rè'ài shēnghuó  ―  to love one's life
    生活態度 / 生活态度  ―  shēnghuó tàidù  ―  outlook on life
    人民生活步步高  ―  rénmín shēnghuó bùbùgāo  ―  the lives of the people improve step by step
    感覺自己生活無聊 [MSC, trad.]
    感觉自己生活无聊 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ gǎnjiào zìjǐ de shēnghuó hěn wúliáo. [Pinyin]
    I feel my life is boring.
    我們嚮往幸福生活 [MSC, trad.]
    我们向往幸福生活 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen dōu xiàngwǎng xìngfú de shēnghuó. [Pinyin]
    We all long for a happy life.
    技術我們生活方便 [MSC, trad.]
    技术我们生活方便 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè ge jìshù néng ràng wǒmen de shēnghuó gèng fāngbiàn. [Pinyin]
    This technology can make our lives more convenient.
  2. livelihood
  3. (dialectal) job; task
    生活  ―  zuò shēnghuó  ―  to work
  4. (dialectal Mandarin) calligraphy brush; inkbrush

SynonymsEdit

  • (livelihood):
  • (task): (huó)

VerbEdit

生活

  1. to live; to exist; to lead a lifestyle
    健康生活  ―  jiànkāng shēnghuó  ―  to lead a healthy lifestyle

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (生活):
  • Japanese: 生活(せいかつ) (seikatsu)
  • Korean: 생활 (生活, saenghwal)
  • Vietnamese: sinh hoạt (生活)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
かつ
Grade: 2
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(せい)(かつ) (seikatsu

  1. life; livelihood; daily living.

Usage notesEdit

生活 is distinct from (いのち, inochi, life), because it refers to daily life and livelihood as it is experienced, whereas 命 refers to life as a whole (from birth to death), or as an abstract concept. Both are generally translated as life, however, as this distinction is not normally made in English.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

(せい)(かつ)する (seikatsu suruintransitive suru (stem (せい)(かつ) (seikatsu shi), past (せい)(かつ)した (seikatsu shita))

  1. live a life

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

生活 (saenghwal) (hangeul 생활)

  1. Hanja form? of 생활 (lifestyle, way of life, daily living).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

生活

  1. chữ Hán form of sinh hoạt (life).