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See also: 马路

Contents

ChineseEdit

horse; surname road; path; way
trad. (馬路)
simp. (马路)

EtymologyEdit

Attested in Zuo Zhuan [4th century BC], meaning “wide road used for horses”. How this came to be used as a general term for “paved road; street” is debated. Common theories include:

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (37)
Final () (98) (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠaX/ /luoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚaX/ /luoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/maX/ /loH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨX/ /lɔH/
Li
Rong
/maX/ /loH/
Wang
Li
/maX/ /luH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/maX/ /luoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ X ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤraʔ/
English horse

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 8715 3856
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːʔ/ /*ɡ·raːɡs/

NounEdit

馬路

  1. (literary, archaic) wide road used for horses and horse-drawn carriages
  2. (modern usage) wide and flat road for the passage of vehicles; paved road; (by extension) road; street (Classifier: m)
    馬路 / 马路  ―  guò mǎlù  ―  to cross the road
    馬路中央 / 马路中央  ―  mǎlù zhōngyāng  ―  the middle of the road

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit