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U+8857, 街
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8857

[U+8856]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8858]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 144, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹人土土弓 (HOGGN), four-corner 21104, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1109, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34051
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1573, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 831, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+8857

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreː, *kreː
*ɡreː, *ɡreː, *ɡreː
*ŋreː, *ŋreːʔ
*kreː
*ɡreː, *kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreːs
*qreː
*qreː, *qʷraː, *kʷeː
*qreː, *qʷraː
*ɡeː, *kʷeː
*qeːns
*ɡʷraːʔ
*ɡʷraːʔ, *ɡʷreːs, *ɡʷeː
*ɡʷraːʔ, *qʰʷe
*qʷraː, *qʷreː
*qʷraː
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
詿 *kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs
*kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs, *kʷeːs
*kʰʷreː, *ɡʷreːs
*ɢʷreː, *qʷreː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː, *ɡʷeː
*kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*kʷeːs
*kʷeːs
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*qʰʷeː
*ɡʷeː
*ɡʷeː, *sqʰʷe, *qʰʷe, *qʰʷi
*qʷeː, *kʰʷeːŋʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*qʷes
*qʰʷreɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreː, *kreː): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʷeː).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • koe/ke/kere - vernacular;
  • kai - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɛ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kai⁴⁴/
    /t͡ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕie²¹/
    /kai²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiɛ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiɛ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiɛ²¹/
    Xining /kɛ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kɛ⁴⁴/
    /t͡ɕie⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kɛ³¹/
    Ürümqi /kai⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kai⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /kai⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /kai⁵⁵/
    Kunming /kæ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiɛ³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕie̞²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ka⁵³/
    Suzhou /kɑ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕie̞³³/
    Wenzhou /ka³³/
    Hui Shexian /ka³¹/
    Tunxi /ka¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kai³³/
    Xiangtan /kai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kai⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /ke⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ke²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kai⁵⁵/
    Nanning /kai⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kai⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kai⁵⁵/
    /kue⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kai⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /koi³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kɔi²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (28) (28)
    Final () (31) (33)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠɛ/ /kˠɛi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚæ/ /kᵚæi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kæi/ /kɐi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨj/ /kəɨj/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɛ/ /kɛi/
    Wang
    Li
    /kai/ /kɐi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kai/ /kăi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiā jiē
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiē
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹  ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁre/
    English road-crossing

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 4527 4532
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreː/ /*kreː/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. street
    2. market; fair

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana まち, rōmaji machi)

    1. town; neighborhood

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ga)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: ka, Yale: ka)
      • Name (hangeul): 거리
    1. street; road

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nhai, nhây)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.