See also:
U+5404, 各
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5404

[U+5403]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5405]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹水口 (HER), four-corner 27604, composition )

Derived characters edit

(OC *klaːɡ) (by Zhengzhang Shangfang) is frequently used to demonstrate the presence of consonant cluster initials in Old Chinese:

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 174, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3281
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 583, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5404

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𭶻
⿱夂厶

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (sole of foot) + – to come, to enter; original form of 𢓜 and (OC *klaːɡ, *kraːɡ).

Etymology edit

Sino-Tibetan. Derived from (OC kaʔ) with distributive suffix -k. Cognate with Proto-Lolo-Burmese *ka (all) (Schuessler, 2007)

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • koh - vernacular;
  • kok - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /kɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /kɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /kə²¹/
    Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
    Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kə¹³/
    Lanzhou /kə¹³/
    Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /kuo³⁵/
    Chengdu /ko³¹/
    Guiyang /ko²¹/
    Kunming /ko³¹/
    Nanjing /koʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
    Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /loʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ko⁵/
    /kʰo⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔk̚³/
    Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /kɔk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
    /koʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ko³³/ ~自
    /ko⁵⁵/ ~個

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter kak
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gok3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁak/
    English each

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3881
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klaːɡ/

    Definitions edit

    1. each; every (determiner)
        ―  zhǒngyàng  ―  all sorts
        ―  wèi  ―  everyone present; you all; everybody
      Synonym: (měi)
    2. each (adverb)
        ―  jìn qí zé  ―  each fulfils his/her responsibilities
    3. a surname

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Vietnamese: các ()

    Pronunciation 2 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. (dialectal, derogatory) sticking out; odd; unusual
    2. Used in 自各兒自各儿.

    Synonyms edit

    • (sticking out):

    Compounds edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. each
    2. every
    3. either

    Readings edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    かく
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kak).

    Pronunciation edit

    Prefix edit

    (かく) (kaku-

    1. each
    Derived terms edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term
    おのおの
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    各々おのおの
    [noun] each, every
    [pronoun] you all
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    References edit

    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 각각 (gakgak gak))

    1. Hanja form? of (each).

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Việt readings: các[1][2][3], cách[1]
    : Nôm readings: các[1][2], gác[1][3], cắc[1][4], gạc[1][4], gật[3][4]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References edit