Contents

TranslingualEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
各-oracle.svg 各-bronze.svg 各-silk.svg 各-bigseal.svg 各-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹水口 (HER), four-corner 27604, composition)

  1. each, individually, every, all

Derived charactersEdit

各 (Old Chinese *klaag, by Zhengzhang Shangfang) is frequently used to demonstrate the presence of consonant cluster initials in Old Chinese.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 174, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3281
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 583, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5404

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /kɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /kɤ⁵³/
Jinan /kə²¹/
Qingdao /kuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kə¹³/
Lanzhou /kə¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /kuo³⁵/
Chengdu /ko³¹/
Guiyang /ko²¹/
Kunming /ko³¹/
Nanjing /koʔ⁵/
Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /koʔ⁵/
Suzhou /loʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /koʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ko⁵/
/kʰo⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kok̚¹/
Taoyuan /kok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔk̚³/
Nanning /kɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /kɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔk̚³²/
/koʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ko³³/ ~自
/ko⁵⁵/ ~個
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kak̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kak › /*kˤak/ each

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3881 0 /*klaːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. each; every; each individual <noun>

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

See also 各-

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. each
  2. every
  3. either

ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(các, cắc, gạc, gật, gác)

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