Chinese

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middle; centre; within
middle; centre; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
centre; to implore
trad. (中央)
simp. #(中央)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • tûng-ông - vernacular ("centre");
  • chûng-yông - literary.
Note:
  • tiong-ng - vernacular ("centre");
  • tiong-iong/tiong-iang - literary.
Note:
  • dan1 ng1 - vernacular ("centre");
  • dong1 iang1 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (34)
Final () (2) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter trjuwng 'jang
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ʔɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /ʔiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /ʔɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /ĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /ʔi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng yāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zung1 joeng1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng yāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ ʔjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*ʔaŋ/
English center center (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 14488
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*qaŋ/

Noun

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中央

  1. centre (of all sides, ends, surfaces, etc.); middle (of a road)
    球場中央球场中央  ―  zài qiúchǎng zhōngyāng  ―  in the centre of the field
    馬路中央马路中央  ―  zài mǎlù zhōngyāng  ―  in the middle of the road
  2. central authorities
    中央廣播電視塔中央广播电视塔  ―  zhōngyāng guǎngbō diànshìtǎ  ―  Central Radio & TV Tower
    中共中央宣傳中共中央宣传  ―  zhōnggòng zhōngyāng xuānchuán bù  ―  Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
  3. monarch; imperial government
    中央中央  ―  wàng yì zhōngyāng  ―  to make irresponsible remarks about the imperial or central government

Synonyms

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Adjective

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中央

  1. (attributive) central
    中央政府權威受到削弱 [MSC, trad.]
    中央政府权威受到削弱 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngyāng zhèngfǔ de quánwēi shòudào xuēruò. [Pinyin]
    The authority of the central government has been weakened.
    多民族中央集權國家 [MSC, trad.]
    多民族中央集权国家 [MSC, simp.]
    duōmínzú zhōngyāng jíquán guójiā [Pinyin]
    multiethnic, centralized state

Derived terms

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Proper noun

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中央

  1. () Chūō (one of 23 special wards in Tokyo prefecture, Japan)
  2. () Chūō (a city in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan)

Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (中央):

See also

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References

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Japanese

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
おう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Etymology

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From Middle Chinese compound 中央 (MC trjuwng 'jang, “lit. centre”).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(ちゅう)(おう) (chūōちゆうあう (tyuuau)?

  1. center/centre, middle
    宮崎(みやざき)()は、宮崎県(みやざきけん)のほぼ(ちゅう)(おう)にある()県庁所(けんちょうしょ)(ざい)()(ちゅう)(かく)()である。
    Miyazaki-shi wa, Miyazaki-ken no hobo chūō ni aru shi de kenchō shozaichi, chūkaku shi de aru.
    Miyazaki city is roughly in the centre/center of Miyazaki prefecture, and is its main city and capital.

Proper noun

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(ちゅう)(おう) (Chūō

  1. Chūō (one of 23 special wards in Tokyo prefecture, Japan)

See also

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References

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  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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中央 (jung'ang) (hangeul 중앙)

  1. Hanja form? of 중앙 (center; middle).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Adjective

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中央

  1. chữ Hán form of trung ương (central).