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ChineseEdit

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
center; to implore
simp. and trad.
(中央)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tûng-ông - vernacular ("centre");
  • chûng-yông - literary ("central authorities").
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tiong-ng - vernacular;
    • tiong-iong/tiong-iang - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 1/1
    Initial () (9) (34)
    Final () (2) (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨuŋ/ /ʔɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈiuŋ/ /ʔiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈuwŋ/ /ʔɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭuŋ/ /ĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯uŋ/ /ʔi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhōng yāng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhōng yāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjuwng › ‹ ʔjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*truŋ/ /*ʔaŋ/
    English center center (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 1/1
    No. 17407 14488
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tuŋ/ /*qaŋ/

    NounEdit

    中央

    1. centre (of all sides, ends, surfaces, etc.); middle (of a road)
      球場中央 / 球场中央  ―  zài qiúchǎng zhōngyāng  ―  in the centre of the field
      馬路中央 / 马路中央  ―  zài mǎlù zhōngyāng  ―  in the middle of the road
    2. central authorities
      中共中央宣傳 / 中共中央宣传  ―  zhōnggòng zhōngyāng xuānchuán bù  ―  Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
    3. monarch; imperial government

    SynonymsEdit

    AdjectiveEdit

    中央

    1. (attributive) central
    2. (attributive) centralized
      多民族中央集權國家 [MSC, trad.]
      多民族中央集权国家 [MSC, simp.]
      duōmínzú zhōngyāng jíquán guójiā [Pinyin]
      multiethnic, centralized state

    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    中央

    1. () Chūō (a city in Yamanashi, Japan)

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic (中央):

    See alsoEdit


    JapaneseEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ちゅう
    Grade: 1
    おう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese compound 中央 (MC ʈɨuŋ ʔɨɐŋ, “lit. centre”).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    中央 (hiragana ちゅうおう, rōmaji chūō, historical hiragana ちゆうあう)

    1. center/centre, middle
      宮崎 (みやざき) ()は、宮崎県 (みやざきけん)のほぼ (ちゅう) (おう)にある ()県庁所 (けんちょうしょ) (ざい) () (ちゅう) (かく) ()である。
      Miyazaki-shi wa, Miyazaki-ken no hobo chūō ni aru shi de kenchō shozaichi, chūkaku shi de aru.
      Miyazaki city is roughly in the centre/center of Miyazaki prefecture, and is its main city and capital.

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

    KoreanEdit

    Hanja in this term

    NounEdit

    中央 (jung-ang) (hangeul 중앙)

    1. Hanja form? of 중앙 (center; middle).

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tự in this term

    NounEdit

    中央

    1. Hán tự form of trung ương (central).