Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
center; to implore
simp. and trad.
(中央)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
中央

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tûng-ông - vernacular ("centre");
  • chûng-yông - literary ("central authorities").
Note:
  • tiong-ng - vernacular;
  • tiong-iong, tiong-iang - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (34)
Final () (2) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ʔɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /ʔiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /ʔɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /ʔiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /ĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /ʔi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng yāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng yāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ ʔjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*ʔaŋ/
English center center (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 14488
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*qaŋ/

NounEdit

中央

  1. centre (of all sides, ends, surfaces, etc.); middle (of a road)
    球場中央 / 球场中央  ―  zài qiúchǎng zhōngyāng  ―  in the centre of the field
    馬路中央 / 马路中央  ―  zài mǎlù zhōngyāng  ―  in the middle of the road
  2. central authorities
    中共中央宣傳 / 中共中央宣传  ―  zhōnggòng zhōngyāng xuānchuán bù  ―  Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
  3. monarch; imperial government

AdjectiveEdit

中央

  1. (attributive) central

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

中央

  1. () Chūō, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (中央):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
おう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 中央 (MC ʈɨuŋ ʔɨɐŋ, “lit. centre”).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

中央 (hiragana ちゅうおう, rōmaji chūō, historical hiragana ちゆうあう)

  1. center/centre, middle
    宮崎市 (みやざきし)は、宮崎県 (みやざきけん)のほぼ (ちゅう) (おう)にある ()県庁所在地 (けんちょうしょざいち)中核市 (ちゅうかくし)である。
    Miyazaki shi wa, miyazaki ken no hobo chūō ni aru shi de kenchō shozaichi, chūkaku shi de aru.
    Miyazaki city is roughly in the centre/center of Miyazaki prefecture, and is its main city and capital.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

中央 (jung-ang) (hangeul 중앙)

  1. Hanja form? of 중앙, “center, middle”.