Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
故-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 66 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十口人大 (JROK), four-corner 48640, composition)

  1. ancient, old
  2. reason, because

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 469, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13161
  • Dae Jaweon: page 820, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1453, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6545

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuoH/ /kuoH/ /koH/ /kuoH/ /kɔH/ /kuH/ /koH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kuH › /*kˤa(ʔ)-s/ fact; reason
‹ kuH › /*kˤaʔ-s/ old (not new)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4228 0 /*kaːs/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. old; of the past

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cố, cớ)

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