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U+8DEF, 路
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DEF

[U+8DEE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DF0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 157, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口一竹水口 (RMHER), four-corner 67164, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1225, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37524
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1697, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3704, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8DEF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
路姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Lu (surname 路) (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *klaːɡ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • diô - colloquial;
  • lô - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luoH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /loH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɔH/
    Li
    Rong
    /loH/
    Wang
    Li
    /luH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luoH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ luH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.rˁak-s/
    English road

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3856
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raːɡs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. road; path; street (Classifier: )
    2. pattern; arrangement
    3. way; method
    4. journey
    5. route
    6. kind; type
    7. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.[1] May be cognate with Korean (gil, “road”).

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -chi)

    1. (obsolete) attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
      This usage has generally been replaced by -ji below.

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Contraction of the michi reading. [2]

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ji)

    1. a road, a street
       (やま) () (なが) ()
      yama-ji, naga-ji
      a mountain road, a long road
    2. attaches to place names, indicating a road to that place
       () () ()
      Nara-ji
      Road to Nara
    3. attaches to a time duration, indicating a trip taking that length of time
       (よっ) () ()
      yokka-ji
      a trip of four days, a four-day-long trip

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    みち
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of (mi, honorific prefix) +‎ (chi, road, street, way).[1] The prefix mi was in reference to the (kami, god or spirit) of roads.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana みち, rōmaji michi)

    1. a way, a street, a road, an alley, a path, a pass for local traffic
    2. a way of doing something

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ Frellesvig, Bjarke (2010) A History of the Japanese Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 43
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ro>no) (hangeul >, revised ro>no, McCune–Reischauer ro>no, Yale lo>no)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lộ, lọ, lồ, lựa, trọ, trò, lần)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.