麻布

JapaneseEdit

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麻布 (asanuno, asafu, mafu): an example of hempen cloth from southern China.
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Kanji in this term
あさ
Grade: S
ぬの
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Etymology 1Edit

Compound of Old Japanese elements (asa, hemp, ramie) +‎ (nuno, woven cloth other than silk)[1][2].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

麻布 (hiragana あさぬの, romaji asanuno)

  1. cloth woven of hemp or ramie, similar to linen
Usage notesEdit

This appears to be the most common term for hempen cloth.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あさ
Grade: S

Grade: 5
yutōyomi

Compound of (hemp, ramie) +‎ (fu, woven cloth)[1]. This uses the on'yomi of fu for , deriving from Middle Chinese (puH). Compare modern Mandarin ().

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

麻布 (hiragana あさふ, romaji asafu)

  1. (obsolete) cloth woven of hemp or ramie, similar to linen
Usage notesEdit

This term appears to be used the least in modern Japanese. It is not included in the Shinmeikai monolingual Japanese dictionary[3], nor in the Daijirin monolingual Japanese dictionary.[2]

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
あざ
Grade: S

Grade: 5
Irregular

Most likely a compound of Old Japanese elements (asa, hemp, ramie) +‎ (fu, place where things grow), given that the Azabu area was known in ancient times as a place for growing hemp or ramie[1].

This fu element also appears in terms such as 粟生 (awafu, a field for growing millet)[1][2] and 豆生, 豆田 (mamefu, a field for growing beans)[1]. The use of to spell the fu portion would be an example of ateji, probably influenced by the way that hemp is used to make cloth ().

The reasons for the shift in pronunciation from asafu to azabu remain unclear.

PronunciationEdit

  • Irregular
  • IPA(key): [a̠za̠bɯᵝ]

Proper nounEdit

麻布 (hiragana あざぶ, romaji Azabu)

  1. Azabu, an area in Minato ward, Tokyo

AdjectiveEdit

麻布 (-na inflection, hiragana あざぶ, romaji azabu)

  1. (dated) of unknown intent
    This usage developed from the idiom. See Idioms below for details.
    • 何事も麻布にて、様々どうらくをなし給ふ[4]
      なにごともあざぶにて、さまざまどうらくをなしたまふ
      Nanigoto mo azabu ni te, samazama dōraku o nashitamau...
      Everything of [his] real intentions is unknown, and [he] amuses himself with various diversions...
IdiomsEdit
  • 麻布で気が知れぬ (あざぶできがしれぬ, ​azabu de ki ga shirenu): “you can't figure out the feeling [intent] in Azabu” → based on a pun on the phrase “you can't figure out [identify] the trees in Azabu”, substituting (ki, sense, intent, feeling) for (ki, tree), appearing in print in 1763. This derives from the way that the Azabu area includes the Roppongi neighborhood. Although Roppongi is spelled as 六本木 (six trees), there have not been any trees in the area that would match this description for quite some time.[1][2]

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 麻布 (mæ puH). Compare modern Mandarin 麻布 (mábù).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

麻布 (hiragana まふ, romaji mafu)

  1. (rare) cloth woven of hemp or ramie, similar to linen
Usage notesEdit

This term appears to be less commonly used. It is not included in the Shinmeikai monolingual Japanese dictionary.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  4. ^ 1763: Hiraga Gennai, Nenashigusa (a dangibon)

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin mábù
Zhuyin ㄇㄚˊ ㄅㄨˋ
IPA (key) /ma̠³⁵ pu⁵¹/

NounEdit

麻布 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin mábù)

  1. linen or hemp cloth
Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 09:56