-ний

See also: НИИ and ний

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Soft variant of -ный (-nyj).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ний (-nij)

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, often relational (meaning "related to X"); a less common variant of -ный (-nyj).
    сосе́д (soséd, neighbor) + ‎-ний (-nij) → ‎сосе́дний (sosédnij, neighboring)
    пятиле́тие (pjatilétije, five-year period) + ‎-ний (-nij) → ‎пятиле́тний (pjatilétnij, five-year)

Usage notesEdit

  • When short forms exist, the short masculine singular is often missing. When present, it is -ен.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit


UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ.

SuffixEdit

-ний or -ни́й (-nyj or -nýj)

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns; -ish, -y.
    го́лос (hólos) + ‎-ний (-nyj) → ‎голосни́й (holosnýj)

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit