Basque edit

Etymology 1 edit

Suffix edit

-ki

  1. fragment, piece
  2. Forms nouns with a given number of components.
    lau (four) + ‎-ki → ‎lauki (square)
  3. meat (as food)
    txerri (pig) + ‎-ki → ‎txerriki (pork)
  4. Forms nouns denoting objects used to perform an action.
    estali (to cover) + ‎-ki → ‎estalki (lid, cap)
  5. produce, yield
    baratze (orchard) + ‎-ki → ‎barazki (vegetable)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Suffix edit

-ki

  1. Used to form adverbs from adjectives; -wise, -ly
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • -ki” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Estonian edit

Adverb edit

-ki

  1. Alternative form of -gi

Usage notes edit

This form is used after voiceless consonants. After voiced consonants and vowels, the form -gi is used.

Finnish edit

Clitic edit

-ki

  1. (colloquial) Alternative form of -kin
    ki söin tänää jätskii.
    Also I ate ice-cream today.

Ingrian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *-kik. Cognates include Finnish -kin and Estonian -gi.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

-ki

  1. also, too, as well
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 11:
      Peenet lapset i neki talvia evät pölkää.
      Little children, even they aren't afraid of the winter.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 163
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[1], →ISBN, page 18

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

-ki

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

Old Norse edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ukô.

Suffix edit

-ki m

  1. (rare) diminutive suffix
    bjǫrn (bear) + ‎-ki → ‎bjarki (little bear, bearlet)

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Suffix edit

-ki

  1. alternative form of -gi (not)

Pipil edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ki

  1. Preterite singular verb suffix
    kisakiski
    pewapejki

Usage notes edit

  • The suffix -ki is used with Class I verbs (consonant stem), whereas the truncated suffix -k is used with Class II verbs (vowel-stem):
    panupanuk

See also edit

  • -ket (plural suffix)

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ki/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -i
  • Syllabification: ki

Suffix edit

-ki m

  1. forms masculine adjectives
    jeden + ‎-ki → ‎jednaki

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • -ki in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkishـكی(-ki).

Suffix edit

-ki

  1. (+ genitive) Used to form an adjectival or nominal meaning "that which belongs to."
    onların (their) + ‎-ki → ‎onlarınki (theirs)
    babamın (my dad's (determinative)) + ‎-ki → ‎babamınki (my dad's (substantive))
  2. (+ locative) Used to form an adjectival or nominal meaning "(the one) that is at/in."
    Synonym: olan
    Sağdakini beğendim.
    I like the one on the right.
    Neden evdekini istiyorsun ki? Buradaki gayet iyi çalışıyor.
    Why do you want the one at home? The one (that is) here works quite nicely.
  3. (+ genitive, slang, not followed by a noun) penis
    benimki seninkinden büyüktür
    mine's bigger than yours

Usage notes edit

This use of -ki is invariable with respect to vowel and consonant harmony, except after the vowel ü: bugün +‎ -kibugünkü.

Declension edit

References edit

Veps edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *-kik. Cognates include Finnish -kin, Estonian Estonian -gi.

Adverb edit

-ki

  1. also, too, as well

References edit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “также, тоже”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika