See also: ulus and Ulus

Translingual edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix edit


  1. (taxonomy) used to form genus names, especially from other genus names, indicating smaller size

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *-elos (whence Faliscan -饜寗饜寢饜審饜寯 (-elos)), from Proto-Indo-European *-el贸s, thematized from Proto-Indo-European *-l贸s.[1]

Cognate with Proto-Germanic *-ilaz and *-ulaz, whence no longer productive English -le (as in dimple and nozzle), Dutch -el, German -el.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ulus (feminine -ula, neuter -ulum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. Used to form a diminutive of a noun, indicating small size or youth.
  2. Used to form a diminutive of an adjective with diminished effect, indicating 鈥渟omewhat鈥 or 鈥-ish鈥.
  3. Used to form an adjective from a verb.
    Synonym: -ilis

Usage notes edit

The suffix -ulus is added to a noun to form a diminutive of that noun. Latin diminutives typically match the gender of the base word.

r膿xm (king) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥r膿gulusm (prince, petty king)
virgaf (twig, rod, switch, staff) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥virgulaf (little twig, small rod, wand)
oppidumn (town, settlement) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥oppidulumn (small town or settlement, village)
calxf (limestone, game counter) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥calculusm (pebble, little stone)

The allomorph -olus, -ola, -olum is regularly used to form diminutives of nouns ending in -ius, -ia, -ium, -eus, -ea, -eum.

When added to an adjective, it forms a diminutive of that adjective:

albus (white) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥albulus (whitish, literally a little white)

When added to a verb, it forms an adjective with the relational meaning 鈥渄oing 鈥︹ or 鈥渢ending to 鈥︹:

trem艒 (tremble) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥tremulus (trembling, tending to tremble)
cr膿d艒 (believe) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥cr膿dulus (believing, tending to believe)

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -ulus -ula -ulum -ul墨 -ulae -ula
Genitive -ul墨 -ulae -ul墨 -ul艒rum -ul膩rum -ul艒rum
Dative -ul艒 -ul艒 -ul墨s
Accusative -ulum -ulam -ulum -ul艒s -ul膩s -ula
Ablative -ul艒 -ul膩 -ul艒 -ul墨s
Vocative -ule -ula -ulum -ul墨 -ulae -ula

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: -ule
  • Galician: -贸, -oa (no longer productive)
  • Greek: -慰蠉位伪 (-o煤la)
  • Italian: -olo, -ola
  • Sicilian: -ulu, -ula
  • Spanish: -uelo, -uela

References edit

  1. ^ de Goede, Tim (2014), de Vaan, Michiel, editors, Derivational Morphology: New Perspectives on the Italo-Celtic Hypothesis (Research master thesis)[1], Leiden University, pages 14-15