See also: ulus and Ulus

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-ulus

  1. (taxonomy) used to form genus names, especially from other genus names, indicating smaller size

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *-elos (whence Faliscan -饜寗饜寢饜審饜寯 (-elos)), from Proto-Indo-European *-el贸s, thematized from Proto-Indo-European *-l贸s.[1] Cognate with Proto-Germanic *-ilaz, whence no longer productive English -le (as in dimple and nozzle), Dutch -el, German -el.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ulus (feminine -ula, neuter -ulum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. Used to form a diminutive of a noun, indicating small size or youth.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -ulus is added to a noun to form a diminutive of that noun.

Examples:
calx (limestone, game counter) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥calculus (pebble, little stone)
r膿x (king) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥r膿gulus (prince, petty king)

The allomorph -olus, -ola, -olum is regularly used to form diminutives of nouns ending in -ius, -ia, -ium, -eus, -ea, -eum.

When added to an adjective, it forms a diminutive of that adjective.

albus (white) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥albulus (whitish)

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -ulus -ula -ulum -ul墨 -ulae -ula
Genitive -ul墨 -ulae -ul墨 -ul艒rum -ul膩rum -ul艒rum
Dative -ul艒 -ul艒 -ul墨s
Accusative -ulum -ulam -ulum -ul艒s -ul膩s -ula
Ablative -ul艒 -ul膩 -ul艒 -ul墨s
Vocative -ule -ula -ulum -ul墨 -ulae -ula

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: -ule
  • Galician: -贸, -oa (no longer productive)
  • Italian: -olo, -ola
  • Sicilian: -ulu, -ula
  • Spanish: -uelo, -uela

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ de Goede, Tim (2014), de Vaan, Michiel, editors, Derivational Morphology: New Perspectives on the Italo-Celtic Hypothesis (Research master thesis)[1], Leiden University, pages 14-15