See also: ulus and Ulus

Translingual edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix edit

-ulus

  1. (taxonomy) used to form genus names, especially from other genus names, indicating smaller size

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *-elos (whence Faliscan -饜寗饜寢饜審饜寯 (-elos)), from Proto-Indo-European *-el贸s, thematized from Proto-Indo-European *-l贸s.[1]

Cognate with Proto-Germanic *-ilaz and *-ulaz, whence no longer productive English -le (as in dimple and nozzle), Dutch -el, German -el.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ulus (feminine -ula, neuter -ulum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. Used to form a diminutive of a noun, indicating small size or youth.
  2. Used to form a diminutive of an adjective with diminished effect, indicating 鈥渟omewhat鈥 or 鈥-ish鈥.
  3. Used to form an adjective from a verb.
    Synonym: -ilis

Usage notes edit

The suffix -ulus is added to a noun to form a diminutive of that noun. Latin diminutives typically match the gender of the base word.

Examples:
r膿xm (king) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥r膿gulusm (prince, petty king)
virgaf (twig, rod, switch, staff) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥virgulaf (little twig, small rod, wand)
oppidumn (town, settlement) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥oppidulumn (small town or settlement, village)
calxf (limestone, game counter) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥calculusm (pebble, little stone)

The allomorph -olus, -ola, -olum is regularly used to form diminutives of nouns ending in -ius, -ia, -ium, -eus, -ea, -eum.

When added to an adjective, it forms a diminutive of that adjective:

albus (white) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥albulus (whitish, literally a little white)

When added to a verb, it forms an adjective with the relational meaning 鈥渄oing 鈥︹ or 鈥渢ending to 鈥︹:

trem艒 (tremble) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥tremulus (trembling, tending to tremble)
cr膿d艒 (believe) + 鈥-ulus 鈫 鈥cr膿dulus (believing, tending to believe)

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -ulus -ula -ulum -ul墨 -ulae -ula
Genitive -ul墨 -ulae -ul墨 -ul艒rum -ul膩rum -ul艒rum
Dative -ul艒 -ul艒 -ul墨s
Accusative -ulum -ulam -ulum -ul艒s -ul膩s -ula
Ablative -ul艒 -ul膩 -ul艒 -ul墨s
Vocative -ule -ula -ulum -ul墨 -ulae -ula

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: -ule
  • Galician: -贸, -oa (no longer productive)
  • Greek: -慰蠉位伪 (-o煤la)
  • Italian: -olo, -ola
  • Sicilian: -ulu, -ula
  • Spanish: -uelo, -uela

References edit

  1. ^ de Goede, Tim (2014), de Vaan, Michiel, editors, Derivational Morphology: New Perspectives on the Italo-Celtic Hypothesis (Research master thesis)[1], Leiden University, pages 14-15