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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

As one of the first utterances many babies are able to say, baba (like mama, papa, and dada) has come to be used in many languages as a term for various family members:

  • father: Albanian, Arabic, Western Armenian, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Greek, Marathi, Nepali, Persian, Swahili, Turkish, Yoruba, Shona, Zulu
  • grandmother: many Slavic languages (such as Bulgarian, Russian, Czech and Polish), Yiddish, Japanese
  • grandfather: Azerbaijani
  • baby: Afrikaans, Sinhala, Hungarian

These terms often continue to be used by English speakers whose families came from one of these cultures. In some cases, they may become more widely used in localities that have been heavily influenced by an immigrant community. Some senses were extensions of one of these family terms in the original languages ("old woman" from "grandmother", "holy man" from "father"). The "cake" sense comes through French, from Polish baba (old woman). The Middle Eastern word baba (as in Ali Baba) is rather a term of endearment, and is ultimately derived from Persian بابا(bābā, father) (from Old Persian pāpa; as opposed to the Arabic words أَبُو(ʾabū) and أَب(ʾab), as well as the Turkish word ata; see also Papak), and is linguistically related to the common European word papa and the word pope, having the same Indo-European origin.

NounEdit

baba (plural babas)

  1. A kind of sponge cake soaked in rum-flavoured syrup.
  2. (esp. among people of East European ancestry) A grandmother.
    • 1993, Karen Dubinsky, Improper Advances: Rape and Heterosexual Conflict in Ontario, 1880-1929, University of Chicago Press
      My baba, Ksenia Dubinsky, tells me that my education makes her proud.
    • 2001, Brattleboro Remembers, edited by the Brattleboro [Vermont] Historical Society, Arcadia Publishing
      I walked first for my grandmother, and my mother was sorry she had missed my first steps. My Baba was so proud, my mother later told me.
    • 2004, A Woman's Europe: True Stories, edited by MaryBeth Bond
      As we made eye contact, I slowly began to wonder if she was Baba. I did not know my grandmother though I'd spoken with her several times on the telephone;
  3. An old woman, especially a traditional old woman from an eastern European culture.
    • 1914, Russell Sage Foundation, Wage-earning Pittsburgh
      Only two women, typical "babas" (peasant women) in the house from which I got my quilt and bedcloth, could be coaxed to pose;
    • 1986, Janice Kulyk Keefer, The Paris-Napoli Express
      Laura hadn't known that anyone's mother could look like that, like the babas you sometimes saw downtown, bandaged in kerchiefs and aprons, sitting toothless in stockinged feet on small verandahs, peeling potatoes or beets or just shaking their heads and grimacing.
    • 2003, Food Tourism Around The World: Development, Management and Markets, edited by Colin Michael Hall and Liz Sharples
      According to some, new volunteers are becoming more difficult to recruit and there are dark suggestions that 'money is being made on the backs of the babas', the dedicated, but ageing ladies who still spend countless hours of their time preparing foodstuffs for the occasion.
  4. (esp. among people of Indian ancestry) A father.
    • 1849, Edward Bulwer Lytton, The Caxtons
      The first time I signed my exercise I wrote "Pisistratus Caxton" in my best round-hand. "And dey call your baba a scholar!" said the Doctor, contemptuously.
    • 1998, Mulan (movie)
      "The greatest gift and honor is having you for a daughter. I've missed you so." "I've missed you too, baba."
    • 2002, Bend It Like Beckham (movie)
      Okay. Okay. Fine, baba. Let's just do it before something else goes wrong.
    • 2003, House of Sand and Fog (movie)
      "Do not be disrespectful, son. Look at me." "Baba, were you a Savaki?"
  5. (Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism) A holy man, a spiritual leader.
    • 1995, Hugh J.M. Johnston and Tara Singh Bains, The Four Quarters of the Night: The Life-Journey of an Emigrant Sikh
      While I was in Port Alberni, three babas came to Canada to raise money ...
    • 2004, Andrew Robinson, Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye: The Biography of a Master Film-Maker
      But according to Ray, 'all the babas my uncle knew were genuine. None of them was exposed. They were fairly humble people, not show-offs like the Maharishi ...
    • 2006, Suraiya Faroqhi, Subjects Of The Sultan: Culture And Daily Life In The Ottoman Empire
      Most babas had little contact with written culture and are not therefore named in books and treatises.
  6. (India, dated) A baby, child.
    • 1876, Sir George Otto Trevelyan, The Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay
      That is to say, if I do not take care, I shall go on calling my darling 'Baba' till she is as old as her mamma, and has a dozen Babas of her own.
    • 1904, Rudyard Kipling, Traffics and Discoveries
      For my child is dead--my baba is dead!
  7. In baby talk, often used for a variety of words beginning with b, such as bottle or blanket.
    • 2004, House (TV, episode 1.14)
      Oh, it's storytime! Let me get my baba.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

NounEdit

baba (plural babas)

  1. baby

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

baba (present baba, present participle babaende, past participle gebaba)

  1. to treat with gentle care, to coddle

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish بابا(baba).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba m (definite singular babi, definite plural baballarë)

  1. father

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic баба
Roman baba
Perso-Arabic بابا

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [bɑˈbɑ]
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba (definite accusative babanı, plural babalar)

  1. grandfather

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (with regard to gender) nənə (grandmother)
  • (with regard to ancestry) nəvə (grandchild)

CebuanoEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in Antonio Pigafetta's Relazione del primo viaggio intorno al mondo—detailing the first circumnavigation of the world between 1519 and 1522.

Pronunciation 1Edit

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /baʔbaʔ/
  • Rhymes: -aʔ
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba

  1. the mouth
  2. the mouth of a river
  3. an outlet, aperture or orifice
  4. talk; empty boasting, promises or claims

VerbEdit

baba

  1. to hit, be hit or injured in the mouth

EtymologyEdit

Compare abaga.

Pronunciation 2Edit

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈbaba/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

VerbEdit

baba

  1. to piggyback; to carry someone on the back

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:baba.

Derived termsEdit


Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

baba

  1. father
  2. dad

DeclensionEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f

  1. crone, hag
  2. coward, milksop
    Synonym: zbabělec
  3. (informal) girl, chick

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

DagbaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown.

NounEdit

baba (plural babanim a)

  1. Title of the second chief butcher

NounEdit

baba

  1. plural of babli (a featherless fowl)

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Polish baba, probably via French

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba

  1. baba, babka (type of cake)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of baba (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative baba babat
genitive baban babojen
partitive babaa baboja
illative babaan baboihin
singular plural
nominative baba babat
accusative nom. baba babat
gen. baban
genitive baban babojen
babainrare
partitive babaa baboja
inessive babassa baboissa
elative babasta baboista
illative babaan baboihin
adessive baballa baboilla
ablative babalta baboilta
allative baballe baboille
essive babana baboina
translative babaksi baboiksi
instructive baboin
abessive babatta baboitta
comitative baboineen

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Polish baba, introduced in France in the eighteenth century at the court of Stanisław Leszczyński, king of Poland, duke of Lorraine and father-in-law of Louis XV.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba m (plural babas)

  1. baba (type of cake)
    • baba au rhum(please add an English translation of this usage example)

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

A link of the term with the English bye-bye is possible but not certain.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

baba

  1. (informal, chiefly in Austria) see you, so long

Usage notesEdit

  • In Austria, especially East Austria, baba is the most commonly used informal term for saying "goodbye".

HausaEdit

NounEdit

bā̀ba m (possessed form bā̀ban)

  1. father
  2. Used as a term of address for a man of appropriate age to be one's father, or who shares one's father's name.

NounEdit

bā̀bā m (plural bā̀bànni, possessed form bā̀ban)

  1. eunuch
  2. impotent man

NounEdit

bābà f (possessed form bābàn)

  1. paternal aunt

NounEdit

bābā m (possessed form bāban)

  1. indigo (the plant, or the dye from it)

HiligaynonEdit

NounEdit

bába or bâbâ

  1. mouth

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

An onomatopoeia.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɒbɒ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba (plural babák)

  1. doll (toy in the form of a human)
  2. baby, infant (very young human child, particularly from birth until walking is mastered)
  3. (in the possessive, folk songs) baby, darling (term of endearment for a girlfriend, or less often, a boyfriend)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative baba babák
accusative babát babákat
dative babának babáknak
instrumental babával babákkal
causal-final babáért babákért
translative babává babákká
terminative babáig babákig
essive-formal babaként babákként
essive-modal
inessive babában babákban
superessive babán babákon
adessive babánál babáknál
illative babába babákba
sublative babára babákra
allative babához babákhoz
elative babából babákból
delative babáról babákról
ablative babától babáktól
Possessive forms of baba
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. babám babáim
2nd person sing. babád babáid
3rd person sing. babája babái
1st person plural babánk babáink
2nd person plural babátok babáitok
3rd person plural babájuk babáik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words

AdjectiveEdit

baba (comparative babább, superlative legbabább)

  1. (slang) swell, neat (exceptionally good, pleasing or enjoyable)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative baba babák
accusative babát babákat
dative babának babáknak
instrumental babával babákkal
causal-final babáért babákért
translative babává babákká
terminative babáig babákig
essive-formal babaként babákként
essive-modal
inessive babában babákban
superessive babán babákon
adessive babánál babáknál
illative babába babákba
sublative babára babákra
allative babához babákhoz
elative babából babákból
delative babáról babákról
ablative babától babáktól

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

baba

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばば

KikuyuEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

The first a is pronounced long.[1]
As for Tonal Class, Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 6 with a disyllabic stem, together with mũgwacĩ, nyamũ, and so on.
  • (Kiambu)

NounEdit

baba class 1

  1. my father, dad

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “baba” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 21. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  2. ^ Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kagaya, Ryohei (1982). "Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns in Three Dialects: Murang'a, Nyeri and Ndia." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 24, 1–42.

Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f (diminutive babka)

  1. midwife
  2. old woman
  3. woman
  4. sponge cake

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • baba in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

LuoEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

Voiced bapa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba (plural baba-baba, informal 1st possessive babaku, impolite 2nd possessive babamu, 3rd possessive babanya)

  1. father (male parent)

SynonymsEdit


MatalEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father
    La katskats tasàk à kəslah iyaw aŋatà à ahəŋ la baba aŋatà gà, tanəfà Yesu. (Mata 4:22)
    And immediately they left the boat and their father and followed Jesus. (Matthew 4:22)

MwaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

baba class 1a (plural wababa)

  1. father

NgarlumaEdit

PhuthiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-bába.

VerbEdit

-baba

  1. to taste bitter

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *baba, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bā́ˀbāˀ. From nursery language.

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

baba f (diminutive babka or babcia, augmentative babsko or babisko)

  1. (colloquial) woman
  2. (colloquial) wife, girlfriend
  3. A type of a cake
  4. crone, hag
  5. (obsolete) grandmother
Usage notesEdit

For the meaning of "grandmother" see babcia.

DeclensionEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • Brückner, Aleksander (1927) Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

baba m pers

  1. (Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism) baba (a holy man, a spiritual leader)
DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba, ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f (plural babas)

  1. drool, dribble

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

baba

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of babar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of babar

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. definite singular of babă

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bâba/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

bȁba f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ба)

  1. (regional) grandmother
  2. granny, grandma
  3. (usually derogatory) old woman
  4. (derogatory) female person

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • baba” in Hrvatski jezični portal

ShonaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

NounEdit

baba class 1a

  1. father

SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f (genitive singular baby, nominative plural baby, genitive plural báb, declension pattern of žena)

  1. (colloquial) old woman
  2. (colloquial) girl
  3. (oldfashioned) midwife
  4. (oldfashioned) doll
  5. (oldfashioned) puppet
  6. (oldfashioned) hash brown zemiaková baba, now zemiaková placka

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bába f

  1. old woman, hag

InflectionEdit

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. bába
gen. sing. bábe
singular dual plural
nominative bába bábi bábe
accusative bábo bábi bábe
genitive bábe báb báb
dative bábi bábama bábam
locative bábi bábah bábah
instrumental bábo bábama bábami

Derived termsEdit


Southern NdebeleEdit

VerbEdit

-baba?

  1. to be bitter

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba (drooling, infantile talk), ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f (plural babas)

  1. drool, dribble
    La chacha lavaba, y mientras lavaba, la baba se le caía.
    The maid washed, and as she washed, she drooled.
  2. slime
  3. (Venezuela) baby alligator, caiman or crocodile

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

NounEdit

baba (n class, plural baba)

  1. father (male parent)

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit


SwaziEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-bába.

VerbEdit

-bába

  1. (intransitive) to taste bitter

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


TagalogEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

AdverbEdit

baba

  1. low

NounEdit

baba

  1. (anatomy) chin

VerbEdit

baba

  1. to descend

Etymology 2Edit

From Cebuano baba.

VerbEdit

baba

  1. to piggyback

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Likely from reduplication of ba, from child speak. May be related to ata.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɑˈbɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba (definite accusative babayı, plural babalar)

  1. father
  2. Saint (as in Gül Baba)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative baba
Definite accusative babayı
Singular Plural
Nominative baba babalar
Definite accusative babayı babaları
Dative babaya babalara
Locative babada babalarda
Ablative babadan babalardan
Genitive babanın babaların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular babam babalarım
2nd singular baban babaların
3rd singular babası babaları
1st plural babamız babalarımız
2nd plural babanız babalarınız
3rd plural babaları babaları
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular babayım babalarım
2nd singular babasın babalarsın
3rd singular baba
babadır
babalar
babalardır
1st plural babayız babalarız
2nd plural babasınız babalarsınız
3rd plural babalar babalardır

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

Upper SorbianEdit

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-bába.

VerbEdit

-bába

  1. (intransitive) to taste hot, spicy
  2. (intransitive) to taste bitter
InflectionEdit
Tone H
Infinitive ukubaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubaba ukungababi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular baba -babe
Plural babani -babeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyababa, ngibaba engibabayo, engibaba ngibaba angibabi engingababi ngingababi
2nd singular uyababa, ubaba obabayo, obaba ubaba awubabi ongababi ungababi
1st plural siyababa, sibaba esibabayo, esibaba sibaba asibabi esingababi singababi
2nd plural niyababa, nibaba enibabayo, enibaba nibaba anibabi eningababi ningababi
Class 1 uyababa, ubaba obabayo, obaba ebaba akababi ongababi engababi
Class 2 bayababa, bababa abababayo, abababa bebaba abababi abangababi bengababi
Class 3 uyababa, ubaba obabayo, obaba ubaba awubabi ongababi ungababi
Class 4 iyababa, ibaba ebabayo, ebaba ibaba ayibabi engababi ingababi
Class 5 liyababa, libaba elibabayo, elibaba libaba alibabi elingababi lingababi
Class 6 ayababa, ababa ababayo, ababa ebaba awababi angababi engababi
Class 7 siyababa, sibaba esibabayo, esibaba sibaba asibabi esingababi singababi
Class 8 ziyababa, zibaba ezibabayo, ezibaba zibaba azibabi ezingababi zingababi
Class 9 iyababa, ibaba ebabayo, ebaba ibaba ayibabi engababi ingababi
Class 10 ziyababa, zibaba ezibabayo, ezibaba zibaba azibabi ezingababi zingababi
Class 11 luyababa, lubaba olubabayo, olubaba lubaba alubabi olungababi lungababi
Class 14 buyababa, bubaba obubabayo, obubaba bubaba abubabi obungababi bungababi
Class 15 kuyababa, kubaba okubabayo, okubaba kubaba akubabi okungababi kungababi
Class 17 kuyababa, kubaba okubabayo, okubaba kubaba akubabi okungababi kungababi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibabile, ngibabē engibabile, engibabē ngibabile, ngibabē angibabanga engingababanga ngingababanga
2nd singular ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ubabile, ubabē awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
1st plural sibabile, sibabē esibabile, esibabē sibabile, sibabē asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
2nd plural nibabile, nibabē enibabile, enibabē nibabile, nibabē anibabanga eningababanga ningababanga
Class 1 ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ebabile, ebabē akababanga ongababanga engababanga
Class 2 bababile, bababē abababile, abababē bebabile, bebabē abababanga abangababanga bengababanga
Class 3 ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ubabile, ubabē awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
Class 4 ibabile, ibabē ebabile, ebabē ibabile, ibabē ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 5 libabile, libabē elibabile, elibabē libabile, libabē alibabanga elingababanga lingababanga
Class 6 ababile, ababē ababile, ababē ebabile, ebabē awababanga angababanga engababanga
Class 7 sibabile, sibabē esibabile, esibabē sibabile, sibabē asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
Class 8 zibabile, zibabē ezibabile, ezibabē zibabile, zibabē azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 9 ibabile, ibabē ebabile, ebabē ibabile, ibabē ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 10 zibabile, zibabē ezibabile, ezibabē zibabile, zibabē azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 11 lubabile, lubabē olubabile, olubabē lubabile, lubabē alubabanga olungababanga lungababanga
Class 14 bubabile, bubabē obubabile, obubabē bubabile, bubabē abubabanga obungababanga bungababanga
Class 15 kubabile, kubabē okubabile, okubabē kubabile, kubabē akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Class 17 kubabile, kubabē okubabile, okubabē kubabile, kubabē akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābaba engābaba ngābaba angibabanga engingababanga ngingababanga
2nd singular wābaba owābaba wābaba awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
1st plural sābaba esābaba sābaba asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
2nd plural nābaba enābaba nābaba anibabanga eningababanga ningababanga
Class 1 wābaba owābaba ābaba akababanga ongababanga engababanga
Class 2 bābaba abābaba bābaba abababanga abangababanga bengababanga
Class 3 wābaba owābaba wābaba awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
Class 4 yābaba eyābaba yābaba ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 5 lābaba elābaba lābaba alibabanga elingababanga lingababanga
Class 6 ābaba ābaba ābaba awababanga angababanga engababanga
Class 7 sābaba esābaba sābaba asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
Class 8 zābaba ezābaba zābaba azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 9 yābaba eyābaba yābaba ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 10 zābaba ezābaba zābaba azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 11 lwābaba olwābaba lwābaba alubabanga olungababanga lungababanga
Class 14 bābaba obābaba bābaba abubabanga obungababanga bungababanga
Class 15 kwābaba okwābaba kwābaba akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Class 17 kwābaba okwābaba kwābaba akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingababa ngingababa ngingebabe ngingebabe
2nd singular ungababa ungababa ungebabe ungebabe
1st plural singababa singababa singebabe singebabe
2nd plural ningababa ningababa ningebabe ningebabe
Class 1 angababa engababa angebabe engebabe
Class 2 bangababa bengababa bangebabe bengebabe
Class 3 ungababa ungababa ungebabe ungebabe
Class 4 ingababa ingababa ingebabe ingebabe
Class 5 lingababa lingababa lingebabe lingebabe
Class 6 angababa engababa angebabe engebabe
Class 7 singababa singababa singebabe singebabe
Class 8 zingababa zingababa zingebabe zingebabe
Class 9 ingababa ingababa ingebabe ingebabe
Class 10 zingababa zingababa zingebabe zingebabe
Class 11 lungababa lungababa lungebabe lungebabe
Class 14 bungababa bungababa bungebabe bungebabe
Class 15 kungababa kungababa kungebabe kungebabe
Class 17 kungababa kungababa kungebabe kungebabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobaba engizobaba ngizobaba angizubaba engingezubaba ngingezubaba
2nd singular uzobaba ozobaba uzobaba awuzubaba ongezubaba ungezubaba
1st plural sizobaba esizobaba sizobaba asizubaba esingezubaba singezubaba
2nd plural nizobaba enizobaba nizobaba anizubaba eningezubaba ningezubaba
Class 1 uzobaba ozobaba ezobaba akazubaba ongezubaba engezubaba
Class 2 bazobaba abazobaba bezobaba abazubaba abangezubaba bengezubaba
Class 3 uzobaba ozobaba uzobaba awuzubaba ongezubaba ungezubaba
Class 4 izobaba ezobaba izobaba ayizubaba engezubaba ingezubaba
Class 5 lizobaba elizobaba lizobaba alizubaba elingezubaba lingezubaba
Class 6 azobaba azobaba ezobaba awazubaba angezubaba engezubaba
Class 7 sizobaba esizobaba sizobaba asizubaba esingezubaba singezubaba
Class 8 zizobaba ezizobaba zizobaba azizubaba ezingezubaba zingezubaba
Class 9 izobaba ezobaba izobaba ayizubaba engezubaba ingezubaba
Class 10 zizobaba ezizobaba zizobaba azizubaba ezingezubaba zingezubaba
Class 11 luzobaba oluzobaba luzobaba aluzubaba olungezubaba lungezubaba
Class 14 buzobaba obuzobaba buzobaba abuzubaba obungezubaba bungezubaba
Class 15 kuzobaba okuzobaba kuzobaba akuzubaba okungezubaba kungezubaba
Class 17 kuzobaba okuzobaba kuzobaba akuzubaba okungezubaba kungezubaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobaba engiyobaba ngiyobaba angiyubaba engingeyubaba ngingeyubaba
2nd singular uyobaba oyobaba uyobaba awuyubaba ongeyubaba ungeyubaba
1st plural siyobaba esiyobaba siyobaba asiyubaba esingeyubaba singeyubaba
2nd plural niyobaba eniyobaba niyobaba aniyubaba eningeyubaba ningeyubaba
Class 1 uyobaba oyobaba eyobaba akayubaba ongeyubaba engeyubaba
Class 2 bayobaba abayobaba beyobaba abayubaba abangeyubaba bengeyubaba
Class 3 uyobaba oyobaba uyobaba awuyubaba ongeyubaba ungeyubaba
Class 4 iyobaba eyobaba iyobaba ayiyubaba engeyubaba ingeyubaba
Class 5 liyobaba eliyobaba liyobaba aliyubaba elingeyubaba lingeyubaba
Class 6 ayobaba ayobaba eyobaba awayubaba angeyubaba engeyubaba
Class 7 siyobaba esiyobaba siyobaba asiyubaba esingeyubaba singeyubaba
Class 8 ziyobaba eziyobaba ziyobaba aziyubaba ezingeyubaba zingeyubaba
Class 9 iyobaba eyobaba iyobaba ayiyubaba engeyubaba ingeyubaba
Class 10 ziyobaba eziyobaba ziyobaba aziyubaba ezingeyubaba zingeyubaba
Class 11 luyobaba oluyobaba luyobaba aluyubaba olungeyubaba lungeyubaba
Class 14 buyobaba obuyobaba buyobaba abuyubaba obungeyubaba bungeyubaba
Class 15 kuyobaba okuyobaba kuyobaba akuyubaba okungeyubaba kungeyubaba
Class 17 kuyobaba okuyobaba kuyobaba akuyubaba okungeyubaba kungeyubaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibabe ngingababi
2nd singular ubabe ungababi
1st plural sibabe singababi
2nd plural nibabe ningababi
Class 1 ababe angababi
Class 2 bababe bangababi
Class 3 ubabe ungababi
Class 4 ibabe ingababi
Class 5 libabe lingababi
Class 6 ababe angababi
Class 7 sibabe singababi
Class 8 zibabe zingababi
Class 9 ibabe ingababi
Class 10 zibabe zingababi
Class 11 lubabe lungababi
Class 14 bubabe bungababi
Class 15 kubabe kungababi
Class 17 kubabe kungababi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngababa ngangababa, angababa, angangababa
2nd singular wababa wangababa, awababa, awangababa
1st plural sababa sangababa, asababa, asangababa
2nd plural nababa nangababa, anababa, anangababa
Class 1 wababa wangababa, akababa, akangababa
Class 2 bababa bangababa, abababa, abangababa
Class 3 wababa wangababa, awababa, awangababa
Class 4 yababa yangababa, ayababa, ayangababa
Class 5 lababa langababa, alababa, alangababa
Class 6 ababa angababa, awababa, awangababa
Class 7 sababa sangababa, asababa, asangababa
Class 8 zababa zangababa, azababa, azangababa
Class 9 yababa yangababa, ayababa, ayangababa
Class 10 zababa zangababa, azababa, azangababa
Class 11 lwababa lwangababa, alwababa, alwangababa
Class 14 bababa bangababa, abababa, abangababa
Class 15 kwababa kwangababa, akwababa, akwangababa
Class 17 kwababa kwangababa, akwababa, akwangababa

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

baba

  1. simple singular of ubaba

ReferencesEdit