EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

As one of the first utterances many babies are able to say, baba (like mama, papa, and dada) has come to be used in many languages as a term for various family members:

  • father: Megrelian, Albanian, Arabic, Western Armenian, Chinese, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Bengali, Greek, Marathi, Nepali, Persian, Swahili, Turkish, Yoruba, Shona, Zulu
  • grandmother: many Slavic languages (such as Bulgarian, Russian, Czech and Polish), Romanian, Yiddish, Japanese
  • grandfather: Azerbaijani, Zulu (father, grandfather)
  • baby: Afrikaans, Sinhala, Hungarian

These terms often continue to be used by English speakers whose families came from one of these cultures. In some cases, they may become more widely used in localities that have been heavily influenced by an immigrant community. Some senses were extensions of one of these family terms in the original languages ("old woman" from "grandmother", "holy man" from "father"). The "cake" sense comes through French, from Polish baba (old woman). The Middle Eastern word baba (as in Ali Baba) is rather a term of endearment, and is ultimately derived from Persian بابا (bābā, father) (from Old Persian pāpa; as opposed to the Arabic words أَبُو(ʾabū) and أَب(ʾab); see also Papak), and is linguistically related to the common European word papa and the word pope, having the same Indo-European origin. The Chinese word "baba", meaning father comes from 爸爸.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (variously) /ˈbɑːbɑː/, /ˈbɑːbə/, /ˈbæbə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːbɑː, -ɑːbə, -æbə

NounEdit

baba (plural babas)

  1. A kind of sponge cake soaked in rum-flavoured syrup.
  2. (especially among people of East European ancestry) A grandmother.
    • 1993, Karen Dubinsky, Improper Advances: Rape and Heterosexual Conflict in Ontario, 1880-1929, University of Chicago Press
      My baba, Ksenia Dubinsky, tells me that my education makes her proud.
    • 2001, Brattleboro Remembers, edited by the Brattleboro [Vermont] Historical Society, Arcadia Publishing
      I walked first for my grandmother, and my mother was sorry she had missed my first steps. My Baba was so proud, my mother later told me.
    • 2004, A Woman's Europe: True Stories, edited by MaryBeth Bond
      As we made eye contact, I slowly began to wonder if she was Baba. I did not know my grandmother though I'd spoken with her several times on the telephone;
  3. An old woman, especially a traditional old woman from an eastern European culture.
    • 1914, Russell Sage Foundation, Wage-earning Pittsburgh:
      Only two women, typical "babas" (peasant women) in the house from which I got my quilt and bedcloth, could be coaxed to pose;
    • 1986, Janice Kulyk Keefer, The Paris-Napoli Express:
      Laura hadn't known that anyone's mother could look like that, like the babas you sometimes saw downtown, bandaged in kerchiefs and aprons, sitting toothless in stockinged feet on small verandahs, peeling potatoes or beets or just shaking their heads and grimacing.
    • 2003, Food Tourism Around The World: Development, Management and Markets, edited by Colin Michael Hall and Liz Sharples
      According to some, new volunteers are becoming more difficult to recruit and there are dark suggestions that 'money is being made on the backs of the babas', the dedicated, but ageing ladies who still spend countless hours of their time preparing foodstuffs for the occasion.
  4. (especially among people of Indian or Chinese ancestry) A father.
    • 1849, Edward Bulwer Lytton, The Caxtons:
      The first time I signed my exercise I wrote "Pisistratus Caxton" in my best round-hand. "And dey call your baba a scholar!" said the Doctor, contemptuously.
    • 1998, Mulan (movie)
      "The greatest gift and honor is having you for a daughter. I've missed you so." "I've missed you too, baba."
    • 2002, Bend It Like Beckham (movie)
      Okay. Okay. Fine, baba. Let's just do it before something else goes wrong.
    • 2003, House of Sand and Fog (movie)
      "Do not be disrespectful, son. Look at me." "Baba, were you a Savaki?"
  5. (Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism) A holy man, a spiritual leader.
    • 1995, Hugh J.M. Johnston and Tara Singh Bains, The Four Quarters of the Night: The Life-Journey of an Emigrant Sikh:
      While I was in Port Alberni, three babas came to Canada to raise money ...
    • 2004, Andrew Robinson, Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye: The Biography of a Master Film-Maker:
      But according to Ray, 'all the babas my uncle knew were genuine. None of them was exposed. They were fairly humble people, not show-offs like the Maharishi ...
    • 2006, Suraiya Faroqhi, Subjects Of The Sultan: Culture And Daily Life In The Ottoman Empire:
      Most babas had little contact with written culture and are not therefore named in books and treatises.
  6. (British India) A baby, child.
    • 1876, Sir George Otto Trevelyan, The Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay:
      That is to say, if I do not take care, I shall go on calling my darling 'Baba' till she is as old as her mamma, and has a dozen Babas of her own.
    • 1904, Rudyard Kipling, Traffics and Discoveries:
      For my child is dead—my baba is dead!
  7. In baby talk, often used for a variety of words beginning with b, such as bottle or blanket.
    • 2004, House (TV, episode 1.14)
      Oh, it's storytime! Let me get my baba.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba (plural babas)

  1. baby

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

baba (present baba, present participle babaende, past participle gebaba)

  1. to treat with gentle care, to coddle

AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Definite form of babë (dad, daddy, father). From Proto-Albanian *baba, from Proto-Indo-European *baba (barbaric speech). See babë (dad, daddy, father) for more.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba m (definite singular baba, definite plural babët, baballarët)

  1. the dad, the daddy
  2. (usually childish) the father
  3. (usually childish) the grandpa

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Atong (India)Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba (Bengali script বাবা)

  1. father
  2. paternal uncle
  3. son

SynonymsEdit

(father):

ReferencesEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic баба
Perso-Arabic بابا

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [bɑˈbɑ]
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • (file)

NounEdit

baba (definite accusative babanı, plural babalar)

  1. grandfather
    Coordinate term: nənə

DeclensionEdit

    Declension of baba
singular plural
nominative baba
babalar
definite accusative babanı
babaları
dative babaya
babalara
locative babada
babalarda
ablative babadan
babalardan
definite genitive babanın
babaların
    Possessive forms of baba
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) babam babalarım
sənin (your) baban babaların
onun (his/her/its) babası babaları
bizim (our) babamız babalarımız
sizin (your) babanız babalarınız
onların (their) babası or babaları babaları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) babamı babalarımı
sənin (your) babanı babalarını
onun (his/her/its) babasını babalarını
bizim (our) babamızı babalarımızı
sizin (your) babanızı babalarınızı
onların (their) babasını or babalarını babalarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) babama babalarıma
sənin (your) babana babalarına
onun (his/her/its) babasına babalarına
bizim (our) babamıza babalarımıza
sizin (your) babanıza babalarınıza
onların (their) babasına or babalarına babalarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) babamda babalarımda
sənin (your) babanda babalarında
onun (his/her/its) babasında babalarında
bizim (our) babamızda babalarımızda
sizin (your) babanızda babalarınızda
onların (their) babasında or babalarında babalarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) babamdan babalarımdan
sənin (your) babandan babalarından
onun (his/her/its) babasından babalarından
bizim (our) babamızdan babalarımızdan
sizin (your) babanızdan babalarınızdan
onların (their) babasından or babalarından babalarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) babamın babalarımın
sənin (your) babanın babalarının
onun (his/her/its) babasının babalarının
bizim (our) babamızın babalarımızın
sizin (your) babanızın babalarınızın
onların (their) babasının or babalarının babalarının

BasqueEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Basque, ultimately from Latin faba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba inan

  1. broad bean
  2. bean, green bean
    Synonym: babarrun
  3. blister

DeclensionEdit

Declension of baba (inanimate, ending in -a)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive baba baba babak
ergative babak babak babek
dative babari babari babei
genitive babaren babaren baben
comitative babarekin babarekin babekin
causative babarengatik babarengatik babengatik
benefactive babarentzat babarentzat babentzat
instrumental babaz babaz babez
inessive babatan baban babetan
locative babatako babako babetako
allative babatara babara babetara
terminative babataraino babaraino babetaraino
directive babatarantz babarantz babetarantz
destinative babatarako babarako babetarako
ablative babatatik babatik babetatik
partitive babarik
prolative babatzat

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "baba" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • baba” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

Bikol CentralEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *babaq, from Proto-Austronesian *babaq.

Pronunciation 1Edit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • IPA(key): /baˈbaʔ/

AdjectiveEdit

babâ

  1. downstairs
    Antonym: taas

NounEdit

babâ

  1. shortness, lowness (based on height)
    Antonym: langkaw
  2. (dialectal) bottom; below
    Antonym: babaw
  3. descent
    Synonym: palos
  4. disembarkment
    Synonym: lusad
  5. act of going downstairs
    Synonym: hilig
  6. decrease; lowering of quantity or measurement
    Synonym: ina
Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • IPA(key): /ˈbabaʔ/

NounEdit

babà

  1. (anatomy) chin
    Synonym: kuko

Etymology 2Edit

From padaba (loved one, term of endearment).

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • IPA(key): /ˈbabaʔ/

NounEdit

babà

  1. (Tabaco–Legazpi–Sorsogon, slang) loved one

CebuanoEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *baqbaq. First attested in Antonio Pigafetta's Relazione del primo viaggio intorno al mondo—detailing the first circumnavigation of the world between 1519 and 1522.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaʔbaʔ/, [ˈbaʔbʌʔ]
  • Rhymes: -aʔ
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

bâbâ

  1. (anatomy) mouth
  2. mouth of a river
  3. outlet; aperture; orifice
  4. talk; empty boasting, promises or claims

VerbEdit

bâbâ

  1. to hit, be hit or injured in the mouth
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compare abaga.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /baˈba/, [bʌˈba]
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

VerbEdit

babá

  1. to piggyback; to carry someone on the back

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:baba.


Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

baba

  1. father
  2. dad

DeclensionEdit


CzechEdit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f

  1. crone, hag
  2. coward, milksop
    Synonym: zbabělec
  3. (informal) girl, chick

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • baba in Akademický slovník současné češtiny, 2012-, slovnikcestiny.cz

DagbaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown.

NounEdit

baba (plural babanima)

  1. Title of the second chief butcher

NounEdit

baba

  1. plural of babli (a featherless fowl)

NounEdit

baba

  1. Father

EweEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. termite, white ant[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fiagã, Kwasi (1976). Grammaire eʋe: Eʋegbe ŋutinunya. Lomé: Institut national de la recherche scientifique, p. 101.

FanagaloEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Zulu ubaba, from Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

NounEdit

baba

  1. father

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Polish baba, probably via French.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɑbɑ/, [ˈbɑbɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑbɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba

  1. baba, babka (type of cake)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of baba (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative baba babat
genitive baban babojen
partitive babaa baboja
illative babaan baboihin
singular plural
nominative baba babat
accusative nom. baba babat
gen. baban
genitive baban babojen
babainrare
partitive babaa baboja
inessive babassa baboissa
elative babasta baboista
illative babaan baboihin
adessive baballa baboilla
ablative babalta baboilta
allative baballe baboille
essive babana baboina
translative babaksi baboiksi
instructive baboin
abessive babatta baboitta
comitative baboineen
Possessive forms of baba (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person babani babamme
2nd person babasi babanne
3rd person babansa

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Polish baba, introduced in France in the eighteenth century at the court of Stanisław Leszczyński, king of Poland, duke of Lorraine and father-in-law of Louis XV.

NounEdit

baba m (plural babas)

  1. baba (type of cake)
    baba au rhumrum baba

Etymology 2Edit

Onomatopoeic.

AdjectiveEdit

baba (plural babas)

  1. (colloquial) flabbergasted
    • 1999, Anna Gavalda, “Ambre”, in Je voudrais que quelqu'un m'attende quelque part, →ISBN:
      C'était un Argentin qui mesurait au moins deux mètres, il souriait tout les temps. J'étais baba devant ses tatouages.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Attested since the 18th century. From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba, ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f (plural babas)

  1. drool
    Synonym: baballa
  2. slime (mucus-like substance which exudes from the bodies of certain animals)
    Synonym: baballa

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GaroEdit

EtymologyEdit

Likely from Bengali বাবা (baba)

NounEdit

baba

  1. father

SynonymsEdit


GermanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

A link of the term with the English bye-bye is possible but not certain.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

baba

  1. (informal, chiefly in Austria) see you, so long
Usage notesEdit
  • In Austria, especially East Austria, baba is the most commonly used informal term for saying "goodbye".

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Turkish baba.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

baba (indeclinable, predicative only)

  1. (slang) boss, rad, fly
    Diese Jacke sieht richtig baba aus.
    This jacket looks bare nang.
    Ich finde den Schnitt baba.
    I deem the fit thrilling.
    Synonyms: Bombe, geisteskrank

HausaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

A widespread areal word.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bàː.bá/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [bàː.bə́]

NounEdit

bā̀ba m (possessed form bā̀ban)

  1. father
  2. Used as a term of address for a man of appropriate age to be one's father, or who shares one's father's name.

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bàː.báː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [bàː.báː]

NounEdit

bā̀bā m (plural bā̀bànni, possessed form bā̀ban)

  1. eunuch
  2. impotent man

Etymology 3Edit

Probably an early borrowing from Kanuri báwà (paternal aunt).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /báː.bà/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [báː.bə̀]

NounEdit

bābà f (possessed form bābàr̃)

  1. paternal aunt

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 4Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /báː.báː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [báː.báː]

NounEdit

bābā m (possessed form bāban)

  1. indigo (the plant, or the dye from it)

HigaononEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. mouth

HiligaynonEdit

NounEdit

bába or bâbâ

  1. mouth

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

An onomatopoeia.[1] It may be a doublet of báb.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba (plural babák)

  1. doll (toy in the form of a human)
  2. baby, infant (very young human child, particularly from birth until walking is mastered)
    Synonyms: csecsemő, kisbaba, bébi
  3. (in the possessive, folk songs) baby, darling (term of endearment for a girlfriend, or less often, a boyfriend)
    Synonyms: kedves, (also in the possessive) pár

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative baba babák
accusative babát babákat
dative babának babáknak
instrumental babával babákkal
causal-final babáért babákért
translative babává babákká
terminative babáig babákig
essive-formal babaként babákként
essive-modal
inessive babában babákban
superessive babán babákon
adessive babánál babáknál
illative babába babákba
sublative babára babákra
allative babához babákhoz
elative babából babákból
delative babáról babákról
ablative babától babáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
babáé babáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
babáéi babákéi
Possessive forms of baba
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. babám babáim
2nd person sing. babád babáid
3rd person sing. babája babái
1st person plural babánk babáink
2nd person plural babátok babáitok
3rd person plural babájuk babáik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words with this term at the beginning
Compound words with this term at the end
Expressions

AdjectiveEdit

baba (comparative babább, superlative legbabább)


  1. (slang) swell, neat (exceptionally good, pleasing or enjoyable)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative baba babák
accusative babát babákat
dative babának babáknak
instrumental babával babákkal
causal-final babáért babákért
translative babává babákká
terminative babáig babákig
essive-formal babaként babákként
essive-modal
inessive babában babákban
superessive babán babákon
adessive babánál babáknál
illative babába babákba
sublative babára babákra
allative babához babákhoz
elative babából babákból
delative babáról babákról
ablative babától babáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
babáé babáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
babáéi babákéi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ baba in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • baba in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2023)

IlocanoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *babaq.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • IPA(key): /baˈba/, [bɐˈba]

AdverbEdit

baba

  1. below
    Adda idiay baba
    It's down there.

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

baba

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばば

KabyleEdit

NounEdit

baba m

  1. father

KikuyuEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

The first a is pronounced long.[1]
As for Tonal Class, Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 6 with a disyllabic stem, together with mũgwacĩ, nyamũ, and so on.
  • (Kiambu)

NounEdit

baba class 1

  1. my father, dad

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “baba” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 21. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  2. ^ Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kagaya, Ryohei (1982). "Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns in Three Dialects: Murang'a, Nyeri and Ndia." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 24, 1–42.

LatgalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from a Slavic languages language, from Proto-Slavic *baba. Doublet of buoba.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbaba]
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba f (diminutive babeņa)

  1. grandmother

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

  • dzeds (“grandfather”)

ReferencesEdit

  • A. Andronov; L. Leikuma (2008) Latgalīšu-Latvīšu-Krīvu sarunu vuordineica, Lvava, →ISBN, page 10

Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f (diminutive babka)

  1. midwife
  2. old woman
  3. woman
  4. sponge cake

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “baba”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “baba”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

LuoEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

Voiced bapa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba (plural baba-baba, informal 1st possessive babaku, 2nd possessive babamu, 3rd possessive babanya)

  1. father (male parent)

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Chinese: 爸爸[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Salmon Claudine. Malay (and Javanese) Loan-words in Chinese as a Mirror of Cultural Exchanges . In: Archipel, volume 78, 2009. pp. 181-208

MansakaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *babaq.

AdverbEdit

baba

  1. below

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *baqbaq.

NounEdit

baba

  1. mouth

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *baba, compare Malay bawa.

VerbEdit

baba

  1. to carry

MarshalleseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [pˠɑːbˠɑ], (enunciated) [pˠɑ pˠɑ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /pˠæɰpˠæɰ/
  • Bender phonemes: {bahbah}

NounEdit

baba

  1. father
  2. daddy

ReferencesEdit


MatalEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father
    La katskats tasàk à kəslah iyaw aŋatà à ahəŋ la baba aŋatà gà, tanəfà Yesu. (Mata 4:22)
    And immediately they left the boat and their father and followed Jesus. (Matthew 4:22)

MwaniEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

NounEdit

baba class 1a (plural wababa)

  1. father

Naga PidginEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Assamese বাবা (baba, father), Inherited from Ashokan Prakrit *𑀩𑀸𑀩𑁆𑀩 (*bābba).

NounEdit

baba (plural babakhan)

  1. father, dad

Synonym: bap


NgarlumaEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. water
  2. rain, rainwater

ReferencesEdit


Old PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *baba, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bā́ˀbāˀ, from nursery language. First attested in 1393.

NounEdit

baba f

  1. grandma (parent's mother)
    Synonym: babina
  2. grandma (any old woman)
  3. woman
  4. fortune teller
  5. midwife
  6. pear (Pyrus communis)
  7. (in the plural, astronomy) Pleiades

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

adjectives
nouns

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PhuthiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bába.

VerbEdit

-baba

  1. to taste bitter

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Old Polish baba, from Proto-Slavic *baba, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *bā́ˀbāˀ, from nursery language. First attested in 1393.[1]

NounEdit

baba f (diminutive babka or babcia, augmentative babsko or babisko)

  1. (colloquial, somewhat derogatory) woman, crone, hag
  2. (colloquial) wife, girlfriend
  3. village woman (woman from the village)
    Synonyms: chłopka, wieśniaczka
  4. (childish) grandmother
    Synonyms: babcia, babka, babunia
  5. village seller (woman who sells things from the village)
  6. (derogatory) pansy, big girl's blouse (male of weak or cowardly character)
  7. babka (type of cake)
    Synonym: babka
  8. (engineering) hydraulic hammer of a pile driver
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
adjectives
adverb
nouns
phrases
verbs

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Persian بابا‎.

NounEdit

baba m pers

  1. (Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism) baba (a holy man, a spiritual leader)
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ B. Sieradzka-Baziur, editor (2011–2015), “baba”, in Słownik pojęciowy języka staropolskiego [Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish] (in Polish), Kraków: IJP PAN, →ISBN

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba, ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

PronunciationEdit

 

  • Rhymes: -abɐ
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba f (plural babas)

  1. drool, dribble
  2. (vulgar, slang) Cowper's fluid; pre-ejaculate
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

baba

  1. inflection of babar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

RatagnonEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. mouth

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. definite singular of babă

SalarEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Azerbaijani baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. grandfather

ReferencesEdit

  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985), “baba”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, OCLC 17467570, page 126
  • Ma, Chengjun; Han, Lianye; Ma, Weisheng (December 2010), “baba”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 30

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bâba/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

bȁba f (Cyrillic spelling ба̏ба)

  1. (regional) grandmother
  2. granny, grandma
  3. (usually derogatory) old woman, hag
  4. (derogatory) female person

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • baba” in Hrvatski jezični portal

ShonaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

NounEdit

babá class 1a (plural vababá class 2)

  1. father
  2. (Christianity) father (priest)
    Synonym: fata

SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f (genitive singular baby, nominative plural baby, genitive plural báb, declension pattern of žena)

  1. (colloquial) old woman
  2. (colloquial) girl
  3. (dated) midwife
  4. (dated) doll
  5. (dated) puppet
  6. (dated) hash brown zemiaková baba, now zemiaková placka

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba f

  1. old woman, hag

InflectionEdit

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. bába
gen. sing. bábe
singular dual plural
nominative bába bábi bábe
accusative bábo bábi bábe
genitive bábe báb báb
dative bábi bábama bábam
locative bábi bábah bábah
instrumental bábo bábama bábami

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Southern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bába.

VerbEdit

-bába

  1. to be bitter

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the hypothesized Vulgar Latin *baba (drooling, infantile talk), ultimately imitative of children speech on the pattern of the repeated syllable ba.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaba/ [ˈba.β̞a]
  • Rhymes: -aba
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba f (plural babas)

  1. drool, dribble
    La chacha lavaba, y mientras lavaba, la baba se le caía.
    The maid washed, and as she washed, she drooled.
  2. slime
  3. (Venezuela) baby alligator, caiman or crocodile

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba (n class, plural baba)

  1. father (male parent)
    baba mkwefather-in-law
    baba wa kambostep father

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit


SwaziEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bába.

VerbEdit

-bába

  1. (intransitive) to taste bitter

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


TagalogEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *babaq, from Proto-Austronesian *babaq.

Pronunciation 1Edit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • IPA(key): /ˈbabaʔ/, [ˈbɐ.bɐʔ]
NounEdit

babà (Baybayin spelling ᜊᜊ)

  1. (anatomy) chin
    Synonym: (Marinduque) sihang
  2. lowness; low height
Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • IPA(key): /baˈbaʔ/, [bɐˈbaʔ]
NounEdit

babâ (Baybayin spelling ᜊᜊ)

  1. descent; going down
    Synonyms: lapag, lunsad, lusong, (of stairs) panaog
  2. getting off; alighting (from a vehicle or animal)
  3. downstairs; basement
    Synonyms: ibaba, lapag
  4. decrease; lowering (of quantity or measurement)
  5. fruit picking in season
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *baba, from Proto-Austronesian *baba.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba
  • IPA(key): /baˈba/, [bɐˈba]

NounEdit

babá (Baybayin spelling ᜊᜊ)

  1. piggyback
  2. coitus of animals
    Synonym: kasta
Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

babá (Baybayin spelling ᜊᜊ)

  1. carried piggyback

TaínoEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father

TarifitEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

baba m (Tifinagh spelling ⴱⴰⴱⴰ)

  1. father

Related termsEdit


TernateEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father
    Synonym: aba

ReferencesEdit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001). A Descriptive Study of the Language of Ternate, the Northern Moluccas, Indonesia. University of Pittsburgh.

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish بابا, Nişanyan suggests the current word is a result of onomatopoeia found commonly in many languages. First attested in 13th century.

Cognate with Kazakh баба (baba), Bashkir баба (baba), Uzbek bobo, Uyghur بابا(baba), بوۋا(bowa), Turkmen baba, Azerbaijani baba (grandfather), etc.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɑˈbɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ba

NounEdit

baba (definite accusative babayı, plural babalar)

  1. father
  2. Bektashi saint (as in Gül Baba)
  3. bollard
  4. (slang) crime boss
  5. (slang) penis, dick

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative baba
Definite accusative babayı
Singular Plural
Nominative baba babalar
Definite accusative babayı babaları
Dative babaya babalara
Locative babada babalarda
Ablative babadan babalardan
Genitive babanın babaların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular babam babalarım
2nd singular baban babaların
3rd singular babası babaları
1st plural babamız babalarımız
2nd plural babanız babalarınız
3rd plural babaları babaları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular babamı babalarımı
2nd singular babanı babalarını
3rd singular babasını babalarını
1st plural babamızı babalarımızı
2nd plural babanızı babalarınızı
3rd plural babalarını babalarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular babama babalarıma
2nd singular babana babalarına
3rd singular babasına babalarına
1st plural babamıza babalarımıza
2nd plural babanıza babalarınıza
3rd plural babalarına babalarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular babamda babalarımda
2nd singular babanda babalarında
3rd singular babasında babalarında
1st plural babamızda babalarımızda
2nd plural babanızda babalarınızda
3rd plural babalarında babalarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular babamdan babalarımdan
2nd singular babandan babalarından
3rd singular babasından babalarından
1st plural babamızdan babalarımızdan
2nd plural babanızdan babalarınızdan
3rd plural babalarından babalarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular babamın babalarımın
2nd singular babanın babalarının
3rd singular babasının babalarının
1st plural babamızın babalarımızın
2nd plural babanızın babalarınızın
3rd plural babalarının babalarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular babayım babalarım
2nd singular babasın babalarsın
3rd singular baba
babadır
babalar
babalardır
1st plural babayız babalarız
2nd plural babasınız babalarsınız
3rd plural babalar babalardır

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

baba

  1. (slang) top-notch, high-quality, very good

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu
  • Aktunç, Hulki (1998), “baba”, in Türkçenin büyük argo sözlüğü (tanıklarıyla) [Great Dictionary of Turkish Argot (with Attestations)] (in Turkish), Istanbul: YKY, page 55a
  • Devellioğlu, Ferit (1980), “baba”, in Türk argosu: Inceleme ve sözlük (Aydin Kitabevi yayınları. Sözlük dizisi; 1) (in Turkish), 6th edition, Ankara: Aydın Kitabevi, page 62a
  • Püsküllüoğlu, Ali (2021), “baba”, in Türkçenin Argo Sözlüğü [Turkish Slang Dictionary] (in Turkish), 4th edition, Ankara: Arkadaş, →ISBN, page 35

Upper SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *baba.

NounEdit

baba f

  1. old woman, grandmother
  2. midwife
  3. dough, pastry
  4. pelican (bird)

Further readingEdit

  • baba in Hornjoserbsko-němski Słownik

VendaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *bààbá.

NounEdit

baba

  1. father

West MakianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Together with the polite yaya (mother), likely borrowed from Ternate baba (father).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father

Usage notesEdit

The term baba is used for addressing one's father, whereas the term fao is used for referring to a father.

ReferencesEdit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[1], Pacific linguistics

YorubaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bàbá

  1. father, dad
    Synonyms: baba, àbá, iba, bàá, , dádì
  2. A term of respect or endearment for an older man, male relative, or a higher ranking man.
  3. A title for a man of a specific occupation (ex. bàbá-alágbẹ̀dẹ (blacksmith)).
Usage notesEdit

While bàbá is generally synonymous with baba, bàbá is a more restricted definition.

Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

baba

  1. father
    Synonym: bàbá
  2. elderly man of wisdom, sage, elder
    Synonym: bàbá
  3. revered or senior leader or entity
    ògòǹgò, baba ẹyẹThe ostrich, the most revered of all the birds
  4. male ancestor
    Synonym: baba-ńlá
  5. A prefix for given names in the class orúkọ àmútọ̀runwá, given to children who are believed to be reincarnations of a male ancestor. (ex. Babájídé, Babátúndé).
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

 
Àwọn nǹkan oníbàbà
Chemical element
Cu
Previous: níkùlù (Ni)
Next: síǹkì (Zn)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bàbà

  1. copper (chemical element, Cu, atomical number 29)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

 
Bábà

Borrowed from English barber.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bábà

  1. barber
    Synonyms: onígbàjámọ̀, agẹrun, gẹrun-gẹrun

Etymology 5Edit

 
Bàbà

Possibly from Etymology 3 (bàbà (copper)), in reference to the copper-like color of sorghum

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bàbà

  1. sorghum, millet, (in particular) Sorghum bicolor
    Synonyms: ọkà bàbà, jéró
  2. dark red color, in comparison to the color of sorghum
    Synonym: ẹpọ́n

Etymology 6Edit

Adjective sense derives from ideophone sense

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bà.bà/, /bá.bá/

IdeophoneEdit

bàbà or bábá

  1. (of an object) to be quickly and rapidly hovering
Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bábá

  1. plentiful
    bábá owóPlentiful amount of money
Derived termsEdit

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Bantu *-bába.

VerbEdit

-bába

  1. (intransitive) to taste hot, spicy
  2. (intransitive) to taste bitter
InflectionEdit
Tone H
Infinitive ukubaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubaba ukungababi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular baba -babe
Plural babani -babeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyababa, ngibaba engibabayo, engibaba ngibaba angibabi engingababi ngingababi
2nd singular uyababa, ubaba obabayo, obaba ubaba awubabi ongababi ungababi
1st plural siyababa, sibaba esibabayo, esibaba sibaba asibabi esingababi singababi
2nd plural niyababa, nibaba enibabayo, enibaba nibaba anibabi eningababi ningababi
Class 1 uyababa, ubaba obabayo, obaba ebaba akababi ongababi engababi
Class 2 bayababa, bababa abababayo, abababa bebaba abababi abangababi bengababi
Class 3 uyababa, ubaba obabayo, obaba ubaba awubabi ongababi ungababi
Class 4 iyababa, ibaba ebabayo, ebaba ibaba ayibabi engababi ingababi
Class 5 liyababa, libaba elibabayo, elibaba libaba alibabi elingababi lingababi
Class 6 ayababa, ababa ababayo, ababa ebaba awababi angababi engababi
Class 7 siyababa, sibaba esibabayo, esibaba sibaba asibabi esingababi singababi
Class 8 ziyababa, zibaba ezibabayo, ezibaba zibaba azibabi ezingababi zingababi
Class 9 iyababa, ibaba ebabayo, ebaba ibaba ayibabi engababi ingababi
Class 10 ziyababa, zibaba ezibabayo, ezibaba zibaba azibabi ezingababi zingababi
Class 11 luyababa, lubaba olubabayo, olubaba lubaba alubabi olungababi lungababi
Class 14 buyababa, bubaba obubabayo, obubaba bubaba abubabi obungababi bungababi
Class 15 kuyababa, kubaba okubabayo, okubaba kubaba akubabi okungababi kungababi
Class 17 kuyababa, kubaba okubabayo, okubaba kubaba akubabi okungababi kungababi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibabile, ngibabē engibabile, engibabē ngibabile, ngibabē angibabanga engingababanga ngingababanga
2nd singular ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ubabile, ubabē awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
1st plural sibabile, sibabē esibabile, esibabē sibabile, sibabē asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
2nd plural nibabile, nibabē enibabile, enibabē nibabile, nibabē anibabanga eningababanga ningababanga
Class 1 ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ebabile, ebabē akababanga ongababanga engababanga
Class 2 bababile, bababē abababile, abababē bebabile, bebabē abababanga abangababanga bengababanga
Class 3 ubabile, ubabē obabile, obabē ubabile, ubabē awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
Class 4 ibabile, ibabē ebabile, ebabē ibabile, ibabē ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 5 libabile, libabē elibabile, elibabē libabile, libabē alibabanga elingababanga lingababanga
Class 6 ababile, ababē ababile, ababē ebabile, ebabē awababanga angababanga engababanga
Class 7 sibabile, sibabē esibabile, esibabē sibabile, sibabē asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
Class 8 zibabile, zibabē ezibabile, ezibabē zibabile, zibabē azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 9 ibabile, ibabē ebabile, ebabē ibabile, ibabē ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 10 zibabile, zibabē ezibabile, ezibabē zibabile, zibabē azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 11 lubabile, lubabē olubabile, olubabē lubabile, lubabē alubabanga olungababanga lungababanga
Class 14 bubabile, bubabē obubabile, obubabē bubabile, bubabē abubabanga obungababanga bungababanga
Class 15 kubabile, kubabē okubabile, okubabē kubabile, kubabē akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Class 17 kubabile, kubabē okubabile, okubabē kubabile, kubabē akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābaba engābaba ngābaba angibabanga engingababanga ngingababanga
2nd singular wābaba owābaba wābaba awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
1st plural sābaba esābaba sābaba asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
2nd plural nābaba enābaba nābaba anibabanga eningababanga ningababanga
Class 1 wābaba owābaba ābaba akababanga ongababanga engababanga
Class 2 bābaba abābaba bābaba abababanga abangababanga bengababanga
Class 3 wābaba owābaba wābaba awubabanga ongababanga ungababanga
Class 4 yābaba eyābaba yābaba ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 5 lābaba elābaba lābaba alibabanga elingababanga lingababanga
Class 6 ābaba ābaba ābaba awababanga angababanga engababanga
Class 7 sābaba esābaba sābaba asibabanga esingababanga singababanga
Class 8 zābaba ezābaba zābaba azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 9 yābaba eyābaba yābaba ayibabanga engababanga ingababanga
Class 10 zābaba ezābaba zābaba azibabanga ezingababanga zingababanga
Class 11 lwābaba olwābaba lwābaba alubabanga olungababanga lungababanga
Class 14 bābaba obābaba bābaba abubabanga obungababanga bungababanga
Class 15 kwābaba okwābaba kwābaba akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Class 17 kwābaba okwābaba kwābaba akubabanga okungababanga kungababanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingababa ngingababa ngingebabe ngingebabe
2nd singular ungababa ungababa ungebabe ungebabe
1st plural singababa singababa singebabe singebabe
2nd plural ningababa ningababa ningebabe ningebabe
Class 1 angababa engababa angebabe engebabe
Class 2 bangababa bengababa bangebabe bengebabe
Class 3 ungababa ungababa ungebabe ungebabe
Class 4 ingababa ingababa ingebabe ingebabe
Class 5 lingababa lingababa lingebabe lingebabe
Class 6 angababa engababa angebabe engebabe
Class 7 singababa singababa singebabe singebabe
Class 8 zingababa zingababa zingebabe zingebabe
Class 9 ingababa ingababa ingebabe ingebabe
Class 10 zingababa zingababa zingebabe zingebabe
Class 11 lungababa lungababa lungebabe lungebabe
Class 14 bungababa bungababa bungebabe bungebabe
Class 15 kungababa kungababa kungebabe kungebabe
Class 17 kungababa kungababa kungebabe kungebabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobaba engizobaba ngizobaba angizubaba engingezubaba ngingezubaba
2nd singular uzobaba ozobaba uzobaba awuzubaba ongezubaba ungezubaba
1st plural sizobaba esizobaba sizobaba asizubaba esingezubaba singezubaba
2nd plural nizobaba enizobaba nizobaba anizubaba eningezubaba ningezubaba
Class 1 uzobaba ozobaba ezobaba akazubaba ongezubaba engezubaba
Class 2 bazobaba abazobaba bezobaba abazubaba abangezubaba bengezubaba
Class 3 uzobaba ozobaba uzobaba awuzubaba ongezubaba ungezubaba
Class 4 izobaba ezobaba izobaba ayizubaba engezubaba ingezubaba
Class 5 lizobaba elizobaba lizobaba alizubaba elingezubaba lingezubaba
Class 6 azobaba azobaba ezobaba awazubaba angezubaba engezubaba
Class 7 sizobaba esizobaba sizobaba asizubaba esingezubaba singezubaba
Class 8 zizobaba ezizobaba zizobaba azizubaba ezingezubaba zingezubaba
Class 9 izobaba ezobaba izobaba ayizubaba engezubaba ingezubaba
Class 10 zizobaba ezizobaba zizobaba azizubaba ezingezubaba zingezubaba
Class 11 luzobaba oluzobaba luzobaba aluzubaba olungezubaba lungezubaba
Class 14 buzobaba obuzobaba buzobaba abuzubaba obungezubaba bungezubaba
Class 15 kuzobaba okuzobaba kuzobaba akuzubaba okungezubaba kungezubaba
Class 17 kuzobaba okuzobaba kuzobaba akuzubaba okungezubaba kungezubaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobaba engiyobaba ngiyobaba angiyubaba engingeyubaba ngingeyubaba
2nd singular uyobaba oyobaba uyobaba awuyubaba ongeyubaba ungeyubaba
1st plural siyobaba esiyobaba siyobaba asiyubaba esingeyubaba singeyubaba
2nd plural niyobaba eniyobaba niyobaba aniyubaba eningeyubaba ningeyubaba
Class 1 uyobaba oyobaba eyobaba akayubaba ongeyubaba engeyubaba
Class 2 bayobaba abayobaba beyobaba abayubaba abangeyubaba bengeyubaba
Class 3 uyobaba oyobaba uyobaba awuyubaba ongeyubaba ungeyubaba
Class 4 iyobaba eyobaba iyobaba ayiyubaba engeyubaba ingeyubaba
Class 5 liyobaba eliyobaba liyobaba aliyubaba elingeyubaba lingeyubaba
Class 6 ayobaba ayobaba eyobaba awayubaba angeyubaba engeyubaba
Class 7 siyobaba esiyobaba siyobaba asiyubaba esingeyubaba singeyubaba
Class 8 ziyobaba eziyobaba ziyobaba aziyubaba ezingeyubaba zingeyubaba
Class 9 iyobaba eyobaba iyobaba ayiyubaba engeyubaba ingeyubaba
Class 10 ziyobaba eziyobaba ziyobaba aziyubaba ezingeyubaba zingeyubaba
Class 11 luyobaba oluyobaba luyobaba aluyubaba olungeyubaba lungeyubaba
Class 14 buyobaba obuyobaba buyobaba abuyubaba obungeyubaba bungeyubaba
Class 15 kuyobaba okuyobaba kuyobaba akuyubaba okungeyubaba kungeyubaba
Class 17 kuyobaba okuyobaba kuyobaba akuyubaba okungeyubaba kungeyubaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibabe ngingababi
2nd singular ubabe ungababi
1st plural sibabe singababi
2nd plural nibabe ningababi
Class 1 ababe angababi
Class 2 bababe bangababi
Class 3 ubabe ungababi
Class 4 ibabe ingababi
Class 5 libabe lingababi
Class 6 ababe angababi
Class 7 sibabe singababi
Class 8 zibabe zingababi
Class 9 ibabe ingababi
Class 10 zibabe zingababi
Class 11 lubabe lungababi
Class 14 bubabe bungababi
Class 15 kubabe kungababi
Class 17 kubabe kungababi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngababa ngangababa, angababa, angangababa
2nd singular wababa wangababa, awababa, awangababa
1st plural sababa sangababa, asababa, asangababa
2nd plural nababa nangababa, anababa, anangababa
Class 1 wababa wangababa, akababa, akangababa
Class 2 bababa bangababa, abababa, abangababa
Class 3 wababa wangababa, awababa, awangababa
Class 4 yababa yangababa, ayababa, ayangababa
Class 5 lababa langababa, alababa, alangababa
Class 6 ababa angababa, awababa, awangababa
Class 7 sababa sangababa, asababa, asangababa
Class 8 zababa zangababa, azababa, azangababa
Class 9 yababa yangababa, ayababa, ayangababa
Class 10 zababa zangababa, azababa, azangababa
Class 11 lwababa lwangababa, alwababa, alwangababa
Class 14 bababa bangababa, abababa, abangababa
Class 15 kwababa kwangababa, akwababa, akwangababa
Class 17 kwababa kwangababa, akwababa, akwangababa

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

baba

  1. simple singular of ubaba

ReferencesEdit