Abbreviation, using the minus sign.


−ve (not comparable)

  1. (mathematics) Abbreviation of negative.







  1. (adverbial participle suffix) A front-vowel variant of -va. See details there.
    ér (to reach, to arrive)
    Az utcára érve körülnézett.Arriving on the street, s/he looked around.

Usage notesEdit

  • (adverbial participle suffix) Variants:
    -va is added to back-vowel verbs
    fut (to run)Futva jöttek vissza. (They came back running.)
    -ve is added to front-vowel verbs
    ismer (to know)Ismerve téged, elfogadom a véleményedet. (Knowing you, I accept your opinion.)
    -ván a less frequent variant of -va
    szól (to speak)Az írásról szólván, mikor jelenik meg a legújabb könyve? (Speaking of writing, when will your next book be published?)
    -vén a less frequent variant of -ve
    ismer (to know)Nem ismervén a tényeket, erre a kérdésre nem tudok válaszolni. (Not knowing the facts, I can't answer this question.)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit



Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-wē. Compare the Sanskrit वा (, or) and the Ancient Greek ().



  1. (always enclitic) or, leaving the choice free between two things or among several
    • 161 BCE, Publius Terentius Afer, Eunuchus 2.13:
      Quid tu es tristis? Quidve es alacris? Unde is?
      Why are you out of spirits or why are you in such a hurry? Whence come you?
    • 44 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Philippicae 14.6.16:
      Post hanc habitam contionem duabus tribusve horis optatissimi nuntii et litterae venerunt.
      After this assembly was over, within two or three hours, these most welcome messengers and letters arrived.
  2. (especially in negative sentences or questions implying a negative sentence) and, with the same meaning as -que
    • 44 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Philippicae 5.5.13:
      Num, quod maximum est, leges nostras moresve novit, num denique homines?
      Does he—which is most important—does he know any thing about our laws and manners? Is he even acquainted with any of the citizens?
  3. (poetic, repeated or with correlative part) either...or
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 15.214:
      Nostra quoque ipsorum semper requieque sine ulla / corpora vertuntur, nec quod fuimusve sumusve / cras erimus;
      And our bodies themselves are always, restlessly, changing: we shall not be, tomorrow, either what we were, or what we are.
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See -vus.



  1. vocative masculine singular of -vus

Mbyá GuaraníEdit



  1. comparative or superlative suffix: more, most
  2. (with negatives) not anymore