Middle English from Medieval Latin Albania (“Scotland”), from Scottish Gaelic Alba (“Scotland”), from Old Irish Albu (“Britain, Scotland”), from Proto-Celtic *albiyū (“world”, literally “white (place)”) (compare Old Welsh elbid (“world”)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elbʰos (“white”), possibly in reference to the White Cliffs of Dover. Doublet of Albania.
- (historical) A prominent duchy bestowed upon younger sons of the royal family, belonging first to the Scottish peerage and then (after the 1707 Act of Union) to the British. It is currently suspended.
- The capital city of the state of New York, in the United States.
- A major river in Ontario, Canada.
- A Hudson's Bay Company trading post in Ontario and the community that remains at its site.
Named in honor of Albany, the capital city of New York state
- A sizable city, the county seat of Dougherty County, Georgia, United States (76,939 during the 2000 census).
- (historical) A former district in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
- Any of numerous minor American communities and towns:
- A home rule city, the county seat of Clinton County, Kentucky.
- A city, the county seat of Gentry County, Missouri.
- An unincorporated community in Ray County, Missouri.
- A city, the county seat of Linn County, Oregon.
- A city, the county seat of Shackelford County, Texas, United States. Named after Albany, Georgia.
- A city in Alameda County, California, United States.
- A city in Western Australia.