Arkansas

See also: Arkansas'

EnglishEdit

 
Map of US highlighting Arkansas
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

  • (river): Arkansa (archaic)
  • Arkansaw (obsolete, the spelling used when the territory was organized in 1819)

EtymologyEdit

From the name of the Arkansas River, from French Arcansas, a (plural) designation of either a Siouan tribe or the Quapaw.[1] This designation is sometimes claimed to derive from a Quapaw word *akakaze (land of downriver people) or a Lakota/Dakota word *akakaze (people of the south wind); more likely, it derives from a Siouan ethnonym cognate to Kansa (whence also the name of the state of Kansas).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑɹ.kən.sɔ/
    • (file)
  • (US, now nonstandard in reference to the state) IPA(key): /ɑɹˈkæn.zəs/ (see usage notes)

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas

  1. A state in the South Central region of the United States. Capital and largest city: Little Rock.
  2. A river in the United States, rising in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, and flowing generally southeast over 1,400 miles through Kansas, Oklahoma and Arkansas, where it joins the Mississippi in Desha County.

Usage notesEdit

  • The pronunciation of the name of the state of Arkansas with a silent final s was made official by an act of the state legislature in 1881, after a dispute arose between the state's two US senators, one of whom favored /ˈɑɹkənsɔː/ and the other of whom favored /ɑɹˈkænzəs/.[2] /ɑɹˈkænzəs/ is still common, especially in Kansas, as a pronunciation of the name of the river.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Divisions of the United States of America in English (layout · text)
States: Alabama · Alaska · Arizona · Arkansas · California · Colorado · Connecticut · Delaware · Florida · Georgia · Hawaii · Idaho · Illinois · Indiana · Iowa · Kansas · Kentucky · Louisiana · Maine · Maryland · Massachusetts · Michigan · Minnesota · Mississippi · Missouri · Montana · Nebraska · Nevada · New Hampshire · New Jersey · New Mexico · New York · North Carolina · North Dakota · Ohio · Oklahoma · Oregon · Pennsylvania · Rhode Island · South Carolina · South Dakota · Tennessee · Texas · Utah · Vermont · Virginia · Washington · West Virginia · Wisconsin · Wyoming
Federal District: Washington, D.C.
Territories: American Samoa · Guam · Northern Mariana Islands · Puerto Rico · United States minor outlying islands · United States Virgin Islands

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 William Bright, Native American Placenames of the United States →ISBN, page 47 (citing personal communication with Robert Rankin)
  2. ^ In 1881, the Arkansas General Assembly passed the following concurrent resolution, now Arkansas Code 1 April 105: "Whereas, confusion of practice has arisen in the pronunciation of the name of our state and it is deemed important that the true pronunciation should be determined for use in oral official proceedings.
    And, whereas, the matter has been thoroughly investigated by the State Historical Society and the Eclectic Society of Little Rock, which have agreed upon the correct pronunciation as derived from history, and the early usage of the American immigrants.
    Be it therefore resolved by both houses of the General Assembly, that the only true pronunciation of the name of the state, in the opinion of this body, is that received by the French from the native Indians and committed to writing in the French word representing the sound. It should be pronounced in three (3) syllables, with the final "s" silent, the "a" in each syllable with the Italian sound, and the accent on the first and last syllables. The pronunciation with the accent on the second syllable with the sound of "a" in "man" and the sounding of the terminal "s" is discouraged by Arkansans."

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English Arkansas.

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas (genitive Arkansas')

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English Arkansas.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑrkɑnsɑs/, [ˈɑrkɑns̠ɑs̠] (declension: risti)
  • IPA(key): /ˈɑrkɑnsoː/, [ˈɑrkɑns̠o̞ː] (declension: maa)
  • Syllabification(key): Ar‧kan‧sas

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

DeclensionEdit

  • Depends on the pronunciation, see above.
Inflection of Arkansas (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative Arkansas
genitive Arkansasin
partitive Arkansasia
illative Arkansasiin
singular plural
nominative Arkansas
accusative nom. Arkansas
gen. Arkansasin
genitive Arkansasin
partitive Arkansasia
inessive Arkansasissa
elative Arkansasista
illative Arkansasiin
adessive Arkansasilla
ablative Arkansasilta
allative Arkansasille
essive Arkansasina
translative Arkansasiksi
instructive
abessive Arkansasitta
comitative
Possessive forms of Arkansas (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person Arkansasini Arkansasimme
2nd person Arkansasisi Arkansasinne
3rd person Arkansasinsa

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aʁˈkanzas/ (Germanicised; slightly dated in educated speech)
  • IPA(key): /ˈaʁkənˌsɔː/ (approaching English; educated)
  • IPA(key): /aʁˈkɛnzəs/, /əˈkɛnzəs/ (approaching the dated or merely a supposed English pronunciation; proscribed)

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas n (proper noun, genitive Arkansas' or (with an article) Arkansas)

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

EtymologyEdit

From English Arkansas.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas m

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arkansas in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English Arkansas, from French Arcansas.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈar.kan.zas/, /arˈkan.zas/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -anzas
  • Syllabification: Ar‧kan‧sas

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas m inan (indeclinable)

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas f (indeclinable)

  1. Arkansas (a river in the United States)

Derived termsEdit

adjective

Further readingEdit

  • Arkansas in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Arkansas in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from English Arkansas.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas m

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

RomanianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas n

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

SlovakEdit

 
Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas m (genitive singular Arkansasu, declension pattern of dub)

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

ReferencesEdit

  • Arkansas in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aɾˈkansas/, [aɾˈkãn.sas]

Proper nounEdit

Arkansas m

  1. Arkansas (a state of the United States)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit