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See also: herz

Contents

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German herze, from Old High German herza, from Proto-Germanic *hertô (heart), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr (heart). Cognate with Dutch hart, English heart, Danish hjerte, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍄𐍉 (hairto).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /hɛʁts/, [hɛʁts], [hɛɐ̯ts]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Homophone: Hertz

NounEdit

Herz n (genitive Herzens, plural Herzen, diminutive Herzchen n or Herzlein n)

  1. heart
  2. (card games) hearts
  3. sweetheart, darling

Usage notesEdit

  • Herz has irregular singular declension and is the only noun of its kind.
  • The genitive singular takes the ending -ens: des Herzens. The form des Herzes is very rare and generally considered nonstandard.
  • The dative singular traditionally takes -en: dem Herzen. This form is still the only accepted standard form in many—more or less fixed—expressions, such as im Herzen, von Herzen, zu Herzen, Operation am offenen Herzen (open-heart surgery), mit halbem Herzen (half-heartedly), and others.
Only the bare form dem Herz is common when referring to a card suit, as a term of endearment, and in the phrase mit Herz (good-hearted)
Otherwise, the forms dem Herzen and dem Herz are both acceptable. The latter is predominant in speech, while the former remains the more established form in writing.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Suits in German · Farbe (layout · text)
       
Herz Karo Pik Kreuz

Further readingEdit

  • Herz in Duden online