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See also: indian, Indián, and indián

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Anglo-Norman indien, Middle French indien, corresponding to Ind +‎ -ian.

AdjectiveEdit

Indian (comparative more Indian, superlative most Indian)

  1. Of or relating to India or its people; or (formerly) of the East Indies. [from 14th c.]
    Synonyms: Desi, Hindian, Indish
  2. (obsolete) Eastern; Oriental.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, volume 10:
      The morrow next apprear'd with purple hayre / Yet dropping fresh out of the Indian fount, / And bringing light into the heavens fayre [] .
  3. (chess) Designating any of various chess openings now characterised by black's attempt to control the board through knights and fianchettoed bishops rather than with a central pawn advance. [from 19th c.]

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

Indian (plural Indians)

  1. A person from India. [from 13th c.]
  2. (now rare, historical) An indigenous inhabitant of Australia, New Zealand or the Pacific islands. [from 18th c.]
  3. (uncountable) Indian cuisine; traditional Indian food.
  4. (Britain, colloquial) A meal at (or taken away from) an Indian restaurant. [from 20th c.]
    We're going out tonight for an Indian.
  5. (Britain, colloquial) An Indian restaurant.
    We're going down the Indian for a curry - wanna join us?

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Indian

  1. (nonstandard, rare) Any language spoken by natives of India, especially Hindi.
    • 1968 Anne Rider, A hilltop in hazard, page 51:
      [They said] 'Mutton can speak Indian', 'Mutton can see Kanchinjunga out of his bedroom window'[.]

Etymology 2Edit

From Spanish indio, possibly Jesuit missionary jargon from Spanish niño en Dios (child in God), or a contraction of indígena ("indigenous [person]") + -o (gender-masculine suffix); influenced by Etymology 1.

NounEdit

Indian (plural Indians)

  1. (sensitive) A member of one of the indigenous peoples of the Americas (generally excluding the Aleut, Inuit, Metis, or Yupik). [from 16th c.]
    • 1819-1820, Washington Irving, The Sketchbook of Geoffrey Crayon:
      We stigmatize the Indians, also, as cowardly and treacherous, because they use stratagem in warfare in preference to open force; but in this they are fully justified by their rude code of honor.
    • 2004, Louis L'Amour, Rustlers of West Fork
      With savage desperation the Indian lunged his horse straight at Hopalong and, knife in hand, leaped for him!

Usage notesEdit

  • Use of the word in the sense "indigenous to the Americas" is now deprecated as a misleading term that has developed racist connotations. Peoples of North American origin overwhelmingly prefer to be referred to by their tribe/nation, and have begun otherwise espousing the term "Native (American)" or "Indigenous (Canadian/Mexican)."

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Indian (comparative more Indian, superlative most Indian)

  1. Of or relating to India or its people; or (formerly) of the East Indies. [from 14th c.]
    Synonyms: Desi, Hindian, Indish
  2. (obsolete) Eastern; Oriental.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, volume 10:
      The morrow next apprear'd with purple hayre / Yet dropping fresh out of the Indian fount, / And bringing light into the heavens fayre [] .
  3. Of or relating to the indigenous peoples of the Americas. [from 16th c.]
    • 1879, Friedrich August Flückiger & al., Pharmacographia..., p. 346:
      The hardships of bark-collecting in the primeval forests of South America are of the severest kind, and undergone only by the half-civilized Indians and people of mixed race, in the pay of speculators or companies located in the towns.
  4. (Canada, US, of foods) Made with Indian corn or maize. [from 17th c.]
    Indian bread; Indian meal

Usage notesEdit

See Noun.Usage notes.

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Indian

  1. (nonstandard) Any of the (unrelated) languages spoken by American Indians.

InterlinguaEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

Indian

  1. Indian (of India)
  2. Native American; Indian